1995 – Video and CD Index

 [1995]           The HP Way

How Bill Hewlett and I Built Our Company by David Packard

Recorded Books, Inc. Narrated by Nelson Runger.

94534   4 Audiocassettes   5.25 hours   Unabridged


1995   HP Video Magazine 1995 1st Quarter

Work/Life; Awips-National Weather Service; ATC; America’s Cup. Soda Hall at UC Berkeley, Omni-Share, City Year; and CCI.

S-2261   VHS   15 mins   Internal Only


1995   Video Magazine 1995 2nd Quarter

Customer Satisfaction, DeskJet Problem, Dave Packard Book, Atlanta New Building, Around the Circuit & Rand McNally Road Atlases

S-2262   VHS   19 mins   Internal Only


1995   HP Video Magazine 4th Quarter 1995

HP Home PC’s, Telecom ’95, Magellan Video, PalmVue System, ATC (Madras software op., Atlanta building dedication, Dave Packard in China, Day of Caring), Southwest Airlines Ticketless Travel

S-2264   VHS   15 mins   Internal Only


01/95  The HP 6890 Series GC System

With a historical overview of HP innovation in chromatography.

VHS   11 mins


04/19/95        Computerworld Smithsonian Awards “David Packard”

VHS   Set of 4 tapes


05/95  HP 5071A Hammer Blow Test    

Tests conducted May 1995. A 5071A is subjected to tests simulating the shock that a submarine might experience. Copyright 1996.

VHS   3 mins 40 sec   Customer Viewable


05/15/95        The Computerworld Smithsonian Awards “Bill Hewlett”

VHS   Set of 3 tapes

1995 – HP Journal Index

February 1995 v.46 n.1

Cover: This high-speed fiber-optic polarimeter is used in the HP 8509B polarization analyzer, an instrument that can characterize polarization-mode dispersion problems in long fiber systems.

Broadband Frequency Characterization of Optical Receivers Using Intensity Noise. Methods for enhancing the dynamic range of the intensity noise technique for high-frequency photoreceiver calibration are proposed and experimentally demonstrated. These methods combine recently developed EDFA technology with spectral filtering techniques. The intensity noise calibration technique is portable, easy to use, and field deployable, by Wayne V. Sorin, Douglas M. Baney, pg 6-12

1.55-mm Fiber-Optic Amplifier, pg 9

Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Test System. The HP 81600 Series 200 EDFA test system combines various instruments with powerful software to characterize erbium-doped fiber amplifiers. The system is a turnkey solution with fully specified uncertainty, by Christian Hentschel, Clemens Ruck, Edgar Leckel, Jurgen Sang, Rolf Muller, pg 13-19

Multi-Quantum-Well Ridge Waveguide Lasers for Tunable External-Cavity Sources. A new multi-quantum-well ridge waveguide laser enhanced for use in a grating-tuned external-cavity source has been developed. The device offers higher output power and wider tunability for improved performance in a new instrument. A core technology has been developed for use in a variety of light-emitting devices, by William H. Perez, David M. Braun, Michael J. Ludowise, Tim L. Bagwell, Tirumala R. Ranganath, Dennis J. Derickson, Patricia A. Beck, pg 20-26

Measurement of Polarization-Mode Dispersion. Polarization-mode dispersion is defined and characterized, using Poincare sphere and Jones matrix concepts. Interferometric, wavelength scanning, and Jones matrix eigenanalysis measurement methods are described. Instrumentation, especially the HP 8509B lightwave polarization analyzer, is discussed, by Paul R. Hernday, Brian L. Heffner, pg 27-33

Jones Calculus, pg 28

The Poincare Sphere, pg 29

The HP 8509A/B Lightwave Polarization Analyzer, pg 32

A New Design Approach for a Programmable Optical Attenuator. The new HP 8156A optical attenuator offers improved performance, low polarization dependent loss and polarization-mode dispersion, and increased versatility. It uses a birefrignence-free glass filter disk and a high-resolution, fast-settling filter driver system, by Halmo Fischer, Siegmar Schmidt, pg 34-39

Precision Reflectometer with Spurious-Free Enhanced Sensitivity. The HP 8504B precision reflectrometer has an improved sensitivity of -80 dB at both 1300-nm and 1550-nm wavelengths. All spurious responses generated within the instrument itself have been significantly reduced. The instrument offers fiber-optic component designers and manufacturers the ability to pinpoint both large and small optical reflectances, by Luis M. Fernandez, David M. Braun, Greg D. LeCheminant, Dennis J. Derickson, pg 39-42

High-Power, Low-Internal-Reflection, Edge Emitting Light-Emitting Diodes. A new edge emitting LED has been developed for applications in optical low-coherence reflectrometry. It offers improved sensitivity without introducing spurious responses, by Julie E. Fouquet, Tim L. Bagwell, David M. Braun, Patricia A. Beck, Susan R. Sloan, Dennis J. Derickson, William H. Perez, Gary R. Trott, Forrest G. Kellert, Tirumala R. Ranganath, Michael J. Ludowise, pg 43-48. LEDs, EELED, 8504B.

Jitter Analysis of High-Speed Digital Systems. The HP 71501B jitter and eye diagram analyzer performs industry-standard jitter tolerance, jitter transfer, and jitter generation measurements on Gbit/s telecommunication system components. It can display both the jitter spectrum and the jitter waveform to help determine whether jitter is limiting the bit error ratio of a transmission system, by Christopher M. Miller, David J. McQuate, pg 49-56

Automation of Optical Time-Domain Reflectometry Measurements. The HP 81700 Series 100 remote fiber test system is a first-generation system consisting of a personal computer controlling one or more OTDRs and optical switches. It is well-suited for automated testing of small fiber networks such as company networks, by Harald Seeger, Frank A. Maier, pg 57-62

Design and Performance of a Narrowband VCO at 282 THz. A single-mode optical signal source whose frequency can be voltage-controlled has been developed. We describe its design and performance, by Peter R. Robrish, Rory L.VanTuyl, Christopher J. Madden, William R. Trutna, Jr., pg 63-66

Surface Emitting Laser for Multimode Data Link Applications. A surface emitting laser has been developed for use in a multimode optical fiber data link. The laser can operate in a high-order spatial mode, resulting in a spectral width as wide as one nanometer and a relative intensity noise (RIN) lower than -125 dB/Hz in a multimode fiber system. Electrical and optical characteristics of the surface emitting laser and the epitaxial growth methods are discussed, by Shih-Yuan Wang, Kenneth H. Hahn, Michael R.T. Tan, Yu-Min D. Houng, pg 67-71

Generating Short-Wavelength Light Using a Vertical-Cavity Laser Structure. Second-harmonic generation from a GaAs/AlAs vertical cavity fabricated on a (311)B GaAs substrate has been demonstrated. The experimental results and a theoretical analysis show that a GaAs/AlAs vertical cavity optimized both for efficient confinement of the fundamental power and for quasi-phase-matching can offer efficient second-harmonic generation, by Shigeru Nakagawa, Danny E. Mars, Norihide Yamada, pg 72-75

A New, Flexible Sequencer Architecture for Testing Complex Serial Bit Streams. Based on a generic model of serial communication systems, this architecture dramatically reduces the time needed to program functional and in-circuit tests for devices with serial interfaces. It is implemented in a new Serial Test Card and Serial Test Language for the HP 3070 family of broad test systems, by Christopher B. Cain, James L. Benson, Robert E. McAuliffe, pg 76-90. ATE.

Shortening the Time to Volume Production of High-Performance Standard Cell ASICs. Coding guidelines for behavioral modeling and a process for generating wire load models that satisfy most timing constraints early in the design cycle are some of the techniques used in the design process for standard cell ASICs, by Jay D. McDougal, William E. Young, pg 91-96

A Framework for Insight into the Impact of Interconnect on 0.35-mm VLSI Performance. A design and learning tool called AIM (advanced interconnect modeling) provides VLSI circuit and technology designers with the capability to model, optimize, and scale total delay in the presence of interconnect, by Prasad Raje, pg 97-104

Glossary, pg 97

Synthesis of 100% Delay Fault Testable Combinational Circuits by Cube Partitioning. High-performance systems require rigorous testing for path delay faults. A synthesis algorithm is proposed that produces a 100% path delay fault testable function with a minimal set of test pins, by William K. Lam, pg 105-109

Better Models or Better Algorithms? Techniques to Improve Fault Diagnosis. the simple stuck-at-fault model paired with a complex fault diagnosis algorithm is compared against the bridging fault model paired with a simple fault diagnosis algorithm to determine which approach produces the best fault diagnosis in CMOS VLSI circuits, by Robert C. Aitken, Peter C. Maxwell, pg 110-116

Bridging and Stuck-At Faults, pg 110

Potential Detection, pg 115

Authors February 1995: Douglas [Doug] M. Baney, Wayne V. Sorin, Edgar Leckel, Jurgen Sang, Rolf Muller, Clemens Ruck, Christian Hentschel, Tirumala [Rangu] Ranganath, Michael [Mike] J. Ludowise, William [Bill] H. Perez, Tim L. Bagwell, Brian L. Heffner, Paul R. Hernday, Siegmar Schmidt, Halmo Fischer, David M. Braun, Luis M. Fernandez, Greg D. LeCheminant, Dennis J. Derickson, Patricia [Patti] A. Beck, Julie E. Fouguet, Forrest G. Kellert, Gary R. Trott, Susan R. Sloan, Christopher [Chris] M. Miller, David [Dave] J. McQuate, Frank A. Maier, Harald Seeger, Peter R. Robrish, Christopher [Chris] J. Madden, Rory L. Van Tuyl, William [Rick] R. Trutna, Jr., Michael R. T. Tan, Kenneth H. Hahn, Yu-Min D. Houng, Shih-Yuan [S. Y.] Wang, Shigeru Nakagawa, Danny [Dan] E. Mars, Norihide Yamada, Robert [Bob] E. McAuliffe, James L. Benson, Christopher [Chris] B. Cain, Jay D. McDougal, William E. Young, Prasad Raje, William K. Lam, Robert C. Aiken, Peter C. Maxwell, pg 117-123

April 1995 v.46 n.2

Cover: An artistic rendition of the interconnection between the three main VLSI chips that make up the hardware architecture for the HP 9000 Model 712 workstation. The die photos are for the PA 7100LC processor, the graphics chip and the LASI chip.

A Low-Cost, High-Performance PA-RISC Workstation with Built-In Graphics, Multimedia, and Networking Capabilities. Designing as a set the three VLSI components that provide the core functions of CPU, I/0, and graphics for the HP 9000 Model 712 workstation balanced performance and cost and simplified the interfaces between components, allowing designers to create a system with high performance at a low cost, by Roger A. Pearson, pg 6-11

The PA 7100LC Microprocessor: A Case Study of IC Design Decisions in a Competitive Environment. Engineering design decisions made during the early stages of a product’s development have a critical impact on the product’s cost, time to market, reliability, performance and success, by David W. Quint, William L. Walker, Patrick Knebel, Mick Bass, pg 12-22

Design Methodologies for the PA 7100LC Microprocessor. Product features provided in the PA 7100LC are strongly connected to the methodologies developed to synthesize, place and route, simulate, verify and test the processor chip, by Mick Bass, D. Douglas Josephson, Duncan Weir, Terry W. Blanchard, Daniel L. Halperin, pg 23-35

An I/O System on a Chip. The heart of the I/O subsystem for the HP 9000 Model 712 workstation is a custom VLSI chip that is optimized to minimize the manufacturing cost of the system while maintaining functional compatibility and comparable performance with existing members of the Series 700 family, by Brian K. Arnold, Joseph F. Orth, Curtis R. McAllister, Anthony L. Riccio, Frank J. Lettang, Thomas V. Spencer, pg 36-42

An Integrated Graphics Accelerator for a Low-Cost Multimedia Workstation. Designing with a system focus and extracting as much performance and functionality as possible from available technology results in a highly integrated graphics chip that consumes very little board area and power and is 50% faster and five times less expensive than its predecessor, by Paul Martin, pg 43-50. HP 9000 Model 712.

HP Color Recovery Technology. HP Color Recovery is a technique that brings true color capability to interactive, entry-level graphics devices having only eight color planes, by Anthony C. Barkans, pg 51-59

True Color, pg 52

Real-Time Software MPEG Video Decoder on Multimedia-Enhanced PA 7100LC Processors. With a combination of software and hardware optimizations, including the availability of PA-RISC multimedia instructions, a software video player running on a low-end workstation is able to play MPEG compressed video at 30 frames/s, by John P. Beck, Joel Lamb, Ruby B. Lee, Kenneth E. Severson, pg 60-68

Overview of the Implementation of the PA 71000LC Multimedia Enhancements, pg 66-67

HP TeleShare: Integrating Telephone Capabilities on a Computer Workstation. Using off-the-shelf parts and a special interface ASIC, an I/0 card was developed that provides voice, fax, and data transfer via a telephone line for the HP 9000 Model 712 workstation, by S. Paul Tucker, pg 69-74

Call Progress, DTMF Tones, and Tone Detection, pg 73

Product Design of the Model 712 Workstation and External Peripherals. A product design without fasteners and the use of environmentally friendly materials and low-cost parts with integrated functions provides excellent manufacturability, customer ease of use, and product stewardship, by Arlen L. Roesner, pg 75-78

Development of a Low-Cost, High-Performance, Multiuser Business Server System. Using leveraged technology, an aggressive system team, and clearly emphasized priorities, several versions of low-end multiuser systems were developed in record time while dramatically improving the product’s availability to customers, by Karen L. Murillo, Dennis A. Bowers, Gerard M. Enkerlin, pg 79-84. HP 9000 Series 800 Model Ex5, HP 3000 Series 9×8.

HP Distributed Smalltalk: A Tool for Developing Distributed Applications. An easy-to-use object-oriented development environment is provided that facilitates the rapid development and deployment of multiuser, enterprise-wide distributed applications, by Eileen Keremitsis, Ian J. Fuller, pg 85-92

A Software Solution Broker for Technical Consultants. A distributed client-server system gives HP’s worldwide technical consultants easy access to the latest HP and non-HP software products and tools for customer demonstrations and prototyping, by Manny Yousefi, Wulf Rehder, Adel Ghoneimy, pg 93-101

HP Software Solution Broker Accessible Products, pg 98

Bugs in Black and White: Imaging IC Logic Levels with Voltage Contrast. Voltage contrast imaging allows visual tracking of logical level problems to their source on operating integrated circuits, using a scanning electron microscope. This paper presents an overview of voltage contrast and the methods developed to image the failure of dynamic circuits in the floating-point coprocessor of the HP PA 7100LC processor chip, by Jack D. Benzel, pg 102-106

Component and System Level Design-for-Testability Features Implemented in a Family of Workstation Products. Faced with testing over twenty new ASIC components going into four different workstations and multiuser computer models, designers formed a team that developed a common system-level design-for-testability (DFT) architecture so that subsystem parts could be shared without affecting the manufacturing test flow, by Michael Ricchetti, Bulent I. Dervisoglu, pg 107-113

Authors April 1995: Roger A. Pearson, Mick Bass, Patrick Knebel, David W. Quint, William [Will] L. Walker, Terry W. Blanchard, D. Douglas [Doug] Josephson, Duncan Weir, Daniel [Dan] L. Halperin, Thomas [Tom] V. Spencer, Frank J. Lettang, Curtis R. McAlister, Anthony L. Riccio, Joseph [Joe] F. Orth, Brian K. Arnold, Paul Martin, Anthony [Tony] C. Barkans, Ruby B. Lee, John P. Beck, Joel Lamb, Kenneth [Ken] E. Severson, S. Paul Tucker, Arlen L. Roesner, Dennis A. Bowers, Gerard M. Enkerlin, Karen L. Murillo, Eileen Keremitsis, Ian J. Fuller, Manny Yousefi, Adel Ghoneimy, Wulf Rehder, Jack D. Benzel, Bulent I. Dervisoglu, Michael [Mike] Ricchetti, pg 114-118

June 1995 v.46 n.3

Cover: Heating a fused silica capillary in preparation for blowing a bubble in the capillary to improve detection sensitivity in capillary electrophoresis.

Capillary Electrophoresis: A Product of Technological Fusion. An introduction to capillary electrophoresis (CE), its different forms, and its applications, and the history of CE research at HP, leading to the new HP CE instrument described in this issue, by Robert R. Holloway, pg 6-9

A New High-Performance Capillary Electrophoresis Instrument. This instrument automates the CE separation process with high reproducibility of analytical results such as peak areas and migration times. A diode array detector with an optimized optical path including a new extended lightpath capillary provides spectral information with high detection sensitivity. The liquid handling and sample injection systems are designed for flexibility and usability, by Fred Strohmeiery, pg 10-19. G1600A.

Capillary Electrophoresis Applications, by Martin L. Verhoef, pg 12-13

HP CE Technology Transfer, by Alfred Maute, pg 16

Industrial Design of the HP CE Instrument, by Raoul Dinter, pg 18-19

A High-Sensitivity Diode Array Detector for On-Column Detection in Capillary Electrophoresis. The small peak volumes in CE demand special optical design to maximize sensitivity. High light throughput, good stray light suppression, and precise alignment are necessary. The diode array detector design focused on good matching of the illumination system and the spectrometer, precise alignment of the capillary and optical elements, and mechanical and thermal stability, by Patrick Kaltenbach, pg 20-24. HP CE.

Capillary Handling in the HP Capillary Electrophoresis Instrument. Capillaries are encased in cassettes for easy replacement and connections are made automatically when a cassette is installed. Air cooling of the capillary eliminates leak problems and lower costs. Vials containing samples and electrolyte are automatically lifted from a tray to either end of the capillary, by Hans-Peter Zimmermann, pg 25-31. HP CE.

Rapid Prototyping for the HP CE Project, by Martin Bauerle, pg 28-29

Sample Injection in HP CE. For flushing or conditioning the capillary or injecting a sample, air pressures or different values and durations are applied. The injection system provides precise closed-loop control of the integral of the air pressure over time for either direction of fluid flow. The replenishment system automates the exchange of used electrolytes for fresh ones, using a special double-needle design, by Werner Schneider, pg 32-35

HP CE Separation Control Electronics and Firmware. The HP CE instrument consists of a PC and a base unit consisting of detection and separation subunits. Methods are developed on the PC and downloaded to the base unit for independent execution. The control electronics and firmware of the separation subunit takes care of tray and vial movement, capillary voltage, current and power control, capillary temperature control, diagnostics, and related data capture, by Franz Bertsch, Klaus Witt, Fritz Bek, pg 36-43

A User Interface for Capillary Electrophoresis. The graphical user interface of the HP CE instrument is designed to be easily understood by users familiar with other separation methods but new to CE. It provides for method programming and simulation and for visualization of the status of the instrument and the running analysis, by Klaus Witt, Alwin Ritzmann, pg 44-49. ChemStation.

Development of a Common ChemStation Architecture, by Herbert Wiederoder, pg 46

Reproducibility Testing of the HP CE Instrument. The final chemical test developed for the HP CE instrument implicitly checks various instrument functions by determining the reproducibility of migration time and peak area measurements for well-defined chemical samples. The injection type was selected by testing four different types in a series of reproducibility tests. The final test can be used in production, at a customer site, or for teaching CE classes, by Ulrike Jegle, pg 50-56

The Impact of Column Technology on Protein Analysis by Capillary Electrophoresis: Surface Coatings and Analytical Approaches for Assessment. To avoid unwanted interactions between proteins being analyzed and the surface of the fused silica CE capillary, the surface must be deactivated. Four approaches to surface deactivation for protein analysis are presented. A method for determining the extent of protein absorption is discussed, by Monika Dittmann, Sally A. Swedberg, pg 57-61

A New High-Sensitivity Capillary Electrophoresis Detector Cell and Advanced Manufacturing Paradigm. By circumventing laminar flow while expanding the cross section of the analyte, this detector cell greatly increases both the sensitivity and the linearity of capillary electrophoresis. Manufacturing is made feasible by an advanced computer-controlled miniature lathe using machine vision, by Richard P. Tella, Gary B. Gordon, Henrique A. S. Martins, pg 62-70

HP Disk Array: Mass Storage Fault Tolerance for PC Servers. In the process of offering a new technology to the marketplace the expertise of the user is often not considered. The HP Disk Array offers RAID technology with special installation and configuration features tailored for ease of use, by Tom A. Skeie, Michael R. Rusnack, pg 71-81

An Overview of Raid Technology, pg 74

COBOL SoftBench: An Open Integrated CASE Environment. With the aid of a mouse and a menu-driven interface, COBOL programmers new to the UNIX operating system can improve their productivity with a tightly integrated toolset that includes an editor, compiler, debugger, profiler, and other software development tools, by Cheryl Carmichael, pg 82-87

Development and Use of Electronic Schematic Capture in the Specification and Simulation of a Structured-Custom ASIC. ASIC designers must sometimes provide the ASIC vendor with documentation describing the data path of the chip and its relationship to the control portion. This paper describes a method and attendant tools that facilitate the employment of commonly available electronic schematic capture software to ensure that the documentation given to the ASIC vendor always matches the Verilog HDL descriptions used by the ASIC designers for simulation, by David A. Burgoon, pg 88-91

Design and Development of a 120-MHz Bus Interface Block Using Standard Cells and Automatic Place and Route Tools. The RW_IO block runs at 120 MHz and interfaces the master memory controller chip’s 60-MHz core with the 120-MHz processor bus drivers. A design approach using standard cells, automatic place and route tools, and a powerful database management and build tool was used to construct the RW_IO block. This approach was chosen over a full custom or data-path solution because of its reduced risk and the flexibility of the design tools, by Robert E. Ryan, pg 92-95

Authors June 1995: Robert [Bob] R. Holloway, Fred Strohmeier, Patrick Kaltenbach, Hans-Peter Zimmermann, Werner Schneider, Fritz Bek, Franz Bertsch, Klaus Witt, Alwin Ritzmann, Ulrike Jegle, Sally A. Swedberg, Monika Dittmann, Gary B. Gordon, Richard [Rich] P. Tella, Henrique A. S. Martins, Tom A. Skeie, Michael R. Rusnack, Cheryl Carmichael, David [Dave] A. Burgoon, Robert [Bob] E. Ryan, pg 96-98

August 1995 v.46 n.4

Cover: Time-critical applications are represented as brightly colored data packets as opposed to the blue normal-priority data

Introduction to 100VG-AnyLAN and the IEEE 802.12 Local Area Network Standard. 100VG-AnyLAN provides a 100-Mbit/s data rate with guaranteed bandwidth and maximum access delay for time-critical applications such as multimedia, using existing building wiring. It uses demand priority protocol. Developed by Hewlett-Packard and now supported by over 30 companies ranging from integrated circuit vendors to systems suppliers, demand priority is well on its way to becoming the IEEE 802.12 standard, by Alan R. Albrecht, Patricia A. Thaler, pg 6-12. AdvanceStack.

Cable Types, pg 7

Other Network Technologies, pg 10

Demand Priority Protocol. In multiple-hub networks, demand priority ensures fairness of access for all nodes and guarantees access time for multimedia applications, by Alan R. Albrecht, Michael P. Spratt, Patricia A. Thaler, Gregory C. A. Watson, pg 13-17. IEEE 802.12, 100VG-AnyLAN.

Network Protocol Layers, pg 15

Physical Signaling in 100VG-AnyLAN. A physical layer has been developed for demand priority local area networks that accommodates different cable types by means of different physical medium dependent (PMD) sublayers. The major goal was to provide 100-Mbit/s transmission on existing cables, including Category 3, 4 and 5 UTP, STP, and multimode optical fiber, by Alistair N. Coles, David G. Cunningham, Steven G. Methley, Daniel J. Dove, Joseph A. Curcio, Jr., pg 18-26

Cross Talk in Unshielded Twisted-Pair Cables, pg 19-20

Multilevel Signaling, pg 21

Cross Talk Analysis, pg 22

Optical-Fiber Links for 100VG-AnyLAN, by Del Hanson, pg 26

Coding in 100VG-AnyLAN. A 5B/6B coding scheme in which five data bits are encoded into six-bit codewords is used in conjunction with offsetting the data on different channels by three bits in quartet signaling. It provides the level of error detection necessary, produces a signal balanced within narrow limits, and restricts strings of consecutive Os or 1s to a maximum length of 6. It is also efficient, by Jonathan Jedwab, Simon E.C. Crouch, pg 27-32

IEEE 802.3 and 802.5 Frame Formats, pg 30

Polynomial Arithmetic and Cyclic Redundancy Checks, pg 31

Multimedia Applications and 100VG-AnyLAN. Networks must guarantee bandwidth for multimedia traffic and must control end-to-end delay and delay jitter (fluctuation in the arrival time of packets). The new campus network, 100VG-AnyLAN, can meet these requirements in many circumstances through the basic operation of the protocol. More flexibility can be obtained through the use of bandwidth allocators and the target transmission time protocol. Until either the Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network (B-ISDN) or reliable Internet protocols become available, the use of dial-up remote bridges with existing WANs can accommodate multimedia traffic in the near term, by Michael P. Spratt, John R. Grinham, pg 33-38

Remote Bridge Example, pg 35

Higher-Level Protocols, pg 36

Related Projects, pg 38

100VG-AnyLAN 15-Port Hub Design. Much of the intelligence and uniqueness of a 100VG-AnyLAN network is concentrated in the hub. Special repeater, transceiver, and end node chips implement the functionality of the HP J2410A AdvanceStack 100VG Hub 15, by Lisa S. Brown, pg 39-42

Invalid Packet Marker, pg 41

HP AccuPage 2.0: A Toolkit for High-Quality Document Scanning. Working with commercially available OCR programs, the image processing transforms used in HP AccuPage 2.0 improve the accuracy of converting scanned images from a variety of documents to editable text and pictures at the same time, by Steven G. Henry, Steven L. Webb, George Prokop, Kevin S. Burke, pg 43-50. Scanners, Optical Character Recognition.

Glossary, pg 45

An 11.8-in Flat Panel Display Monitor. The HP S1010A flat panel display is designed to be a plug-compatible replacement for CRTs used with HP workstations. This compatibility is provided by an interface board that uses the same analog signals that drive the CRTs to create digital signals to drive a high-resolution, high-performance LCD color display, by Tom J. Searby, Bradly J. Foster, Steven J. Kommrusch, David J. Hodge, pg 51-60

Liquid Crystal Display Technology, pg 53

Product Design of the HP S1010A Flat Panel Display, pg 57-58

A Note About VRAMs, pg 59

Applying an Improved Economic Model to Software Buy-versus-Build Decisions. The decision to buy or build software is a business decision that should be made using a sound economic model. A comprehensive economic model has been developed and applied to actual and estimated data to compare the costs of using a third-party software package to the costs of internal development, by Wesley H. Higaki, pg 61-65

Benchmark Standards for ASIC Technology Evaluation. Two benchmark circuits are used for objectively evaluating ASIC supplier performance claims. The method applies first-order equations relating capacitive discharge currents and transistor saturation current to arrive at a technology constant. The method has been used to survey 14 ASIC suppliers with over 76 different technologies. Results are shown for 48 CMOS technologies, by Aloke S. Bhandia, Henry H. W. Lie, Antonio A. Martinez, pg 66-70

Authors August 1995: Alan R. Albrecht, Patricia [Pat] A. Thaler, Michael P. Spratt, Gregory [Greg] C. A. Watson, Alistair N. Coles, David G. Cunningham, Joseph [Joe] A. Curcio, Jr., Daniel [Dan] J. Dove, Steven G. Methley, Simon E. C. Crouch, Jonathan Jedwab, John R. Grinham, Lisa S. Brown, Steve Webb, Steven [Steve] G. Henry, Kevin S. Burke, George Prokop, David [Dave] J. Hodge, Bradly [Brad] J. Foster, Steven [Steve] J. Kommrusch, Tom J. Searby, Wesley [Wes] H. Higaki, Antonio A. Martinez, Aloke S. Bhandia, Henry H. W. Lie, pg 71-74

October 1995 v.46 n.5

Cover: A solid model created and displayed using the HP Precision Engineering SolidDesigner 3D solid modeling system

HP PE/SolidDesigner: Dynamic Modeling for Three-Dimensional Computer-Aided Design. In most solid modeling CAD systems, knowledge of the history of the design is necessary to avoid unanticipated side-effects when making changes. With dynamic modeling, local geometry and topology changes can be made independently of the model creation at any time, using both direct and dimension-driven methods. The core components enabling dynamic modifications are the tool body and the relation solver, by Klaus-Peter Fahlbusch, Thomas D. Roser, pg 6-13. Precision Engineering Systems, 3D.

User Interaction in HP PE/SolidDesigner. The HP PE/SolidDesigner user interface is modeled after the successful, easy-to-use, easy-to-learn interface of earlier HP CAD products. All commands are coded as Common Lisp action routines. A user interface builder helps command programmers by hiding details of the X Window System and the OSF/Motifä graphical user interface. Prototyping was done using a specially developed Lisp-based interface to OSF/Motif called HLCX, by Markus Kuhl, Berthold Hug, Gerhard J.Walz, pg 14-23

Enhancements in Blending Algorithms. This article describes a rounding operation for a 3D CAD boundary representation (B-Rep) solid model. Complex combinations of convex and concave edges are handled predictably and reliably. At vertices the surfaces are smoothly connected by one or more surface patches. An algorithm for the creation of blending surfaces and their integration into the model is outlined. The sequence of topological modifications applied to the solid model is illustrated by examples including some special case handling, by Stefan Freitag, Karsten Opitz, pg 24-34

Open Data Exchange with HP PE/SolidDesigner. Surface and solid data can be imported from HP PE/ME30 and exchanged with systems supporting the IGES, STEP, and ACIS formats. Imported data coexists with and can be manipulated like native data, by Wolfgang Klemm, Gerhard J. Walz, Peter J. Schild, Hermann J. Ruess, pg 35-50

Providing CAD Object Management Services through a Base Class Library. HP PE/SolidDesigner’s data structure manager makes it possible to save a complex 3D solid model and load it from file systems and databases. Using the concepts of transactions and bulletin boards, it keeps track of changes to a model, implements an undo operation, and notifies external applications of changes, by Claus Brod, Max R. Kublin, pg 51-60

Exception Handling and Development Support, pg 55

Freeform Surface Modeling. There are two methods for creating freeform surfaces in HP PE/SolidDesigner: blending and lofting. This article describes the basics of lofting. The geometry engine, which implements the lofting functionality, uses a single-data-type implementation for its geometric interface, but takes a multiple-data-type, hybrid approach internally, by Michael Metzger, Sabine Eismann, pg 61-68

Common Lisp as an Embedded Extension Language. A large part of HP PE/SolidDesigner’s user interface is written in Common Lisp. Common Lisp is also used as a user-accessible extension language, by Jens Kilian, Heinz-Peter Arndt, pg 69-73. PE/ME10, PE/ME30, CAD.

Boolean Set Operations with Solid Models. The Boolean engine of HP PE/SolidDesigner applies standard and nonstandard Boolean set operations to solid models to perform an impressive variety of machining operations. Parallel calculation boosts performance, especially with multiprocessor hardware, by Peter H. Ernst, pg 74-79

Fighting Inaccuracies: Using Perturbation to Make Boolean Operations Robust, pg 78-79

A Microwave Receiver for Wide-Bandwidth Signals. The HP 71910A wide-bandwidth receiver extends modular spectrum analyzer operation for more effective measurements on modern communications and radar signals, by Robert J. Armantrout, pg 80-88

Firmware Design for Wide-Bandwidth IF Support and Improved Measurement Speed, by Thomas A. Rice, pg 84-85

The HP 89400 Series Vector Signal Analyzers, by Robert T. Cutler, pg 87

An IF Module for Wide-Bandwidth Signals. The HP 70911A IF module provides the HP 71910A receiver with wideband demodulation and variable bandwidths up to 100 MHz, while maintaining the gain accuracy of a spectrum analyzer, by Leonard M. Weber, Terrence R. Noe, Christopher E. Stewart, and Robert J. Armantrout, pg 89-103

The Log Weighted Average for Measuring Printer Throughput. The log weighted average balances the different time scales of various plots in a test suite. It prevents an overemphasis on plots that take a long time to print and allows adjustments according to the expected user profile weighting. It is based on percentage changes rather than absolute plot times, by John J. Cassidy, Jr., pg 104-106. DeskJet 1600C.

Authors October 1995: Klaus-Peter Fahlbusch, Thomas D. Roser, Berthold Hug, Gerhard J. Walz, Markus Kuhl, Stefan Freitag, Karsten Opitz, Peter J. Schild, Wolfgang Klemm, Hermann J. Ruess, Claus Brod, Max R. Kublin, Michael Metzger, Sabine Eismann, Jens Kilian, Heinz-Peter Arndt, Peter H. Ernst, Robert [Bob] J. Armantrout, Terrence [Terry] R. Noe, Christopher [Chris] E. Stewart, Leonard M. Weber, John [Jack] J. Cassidy, Jr., pg 107-110

December 1995 v.46 n.6

Cover: A highly internetworked distributed computing environment made up of clients and servers is shown in the background. In the foreground is the software architecture for one pair of client and server systems.

DCE: An Environment for Secure Client/Server Computing. The Open Software Foundation’s Distributed Computing Environment provides an infrastructure for developing and executing secure client/server applications that are portable and interoperable over a wide range of computers and networks, by Michael M. Kong, pg 6-15

Adopting DCE Technology for Developing Client/Server Applications. HP’s information technology community has adopted DCE as the infrastructure for developing client/server information technology applications. The team developing the DCE service has discovered that putting an infrastructure like DCE in place in a legacy environment is more than just technology and architecture, by Samuel D. Horowitz, Paul Lloyd, pg 16-22

DCE Directory Services. The DCE directory services provide access for applications and users to a federation of naming systems at the global, enterprise and application levels, by David Truong, Michael M. Kong, pg 23-27

X/Open Federated Naming. The X/Open Federated Naming (XFN) specification defines uniform naming interfaces for accessing a variety of naming systems. XFN specifies a syntax for composite names, which are names that span multiple naming systems, and provides operations to join existing naming systems together into a relatively seamless naming federation, by Elizabeth A. Martin, pg 28-33

HP Integrated Login. HP Integrated Login coordinates the use of security systems and improves the usability of computer systems running the HP-UX operating system, by Navaneet Kumar, Lawrence J. Rose, Jane B. Marcus, pg 34-40

The DCE Security Service. A security protocol consisting of encryption keys, authentication credentials, tickets, and user passwords is used to provide secure transmission of information between two transacting parties in a DCE client/server enterprise, by Frederic Gittler, Anne C. Hopkins, pg 41-48

Glossary, pg 42

An Evolution of DCE Authorization Services. One of the strengths of the Open Software Foundation’s Distributed Computing Environment is that it allows developers to consider authentication, authorization, privacy, and integrity early in the design of a client/server application. The HP implementation evolves what DCE offers to make it easier for server developers to use, by Deborah L. Caswell, pg 49-54

An Object-Oriented Application Framework for DCE-Based Systems. Using the Interface Definition Language compiler and the C++ class library, the HP OODCE product provides objects and abstractions that support the DCE model and facilitate the development of object-oriented distributed applications, by Luis M. Maldonado, Mihaela C. Gittler, Michael Z. Luo, pg 55-60

Glossary, pg 60

HP Encina/9000: Middleware for Constructing Transaction Processing Applications. A transaction processing monitor for distributed transaction processing applications maintains the ACID (Atomicity, consistency, isolation and durability) properties of the transactions and provides recovery facilities for aborting transactions and recovering from system or network failures, by Pankaj Gupta, pg 61-74

Glossary, pg 65

Object-Oriented Perspective on Software System Testing in a Distributed Environment. A flexible object-oriented test system was developed to deal with the testing challenges imposed by software systems that run in distributed client/server environments, by Stephen J. McFarland, David S. Levin, Mark C. Campbell, J. Scott Southworth, Ana V. Kapetanakis, David J. Miller, David K. Hinds, pg 75-81

The Object Management Group’s Distributed Object Model, pg 76

Object-Oriented Programming, pg 79

A New, Lightweight Fetal Telemetry System. The HP Series 50 T fetal telemetry system combines both external and internal monitoring of the fetus in a small, lightweight transmitter that is easy and comfortable for the patient to carry. It is useful for monitoring in labor, monitoring of high-risk patients, monitoring in transit, antepartum nonstress testing, and monitoring in the bath, by Jurgen W. Hausmann, Michelle Houghton Jagger, Andreas Boos, Gunter W. Paret, pg 82-93

Zero Bias Detector Diodes for the RF/ID Market. Hewlett Packard’s newest silicon detector diodes were developed to meet the requirements for receiver service in radio frequency identification tags. These requirements include portability, small size, long life, and low cost, by Rolando R. Buted, pg 94-98

Backscatter RF/ID Systems, pg 95

Authors December 1995: Michael [Mike] J. Kong, Paul Lloyd, Samuel [Sam] D. Horowitz, David T. Truong, Elizabeth [Liza] A. Martin, Jane B. Marcus, Navaneet Kumar, Lawrence [Larry] J. Rose, Frederic Gittler, Anne C. Hopkins, Deborah [Debbie] L. Caswell, Mihaela [Mickey] C. Gittler, Michael Zhijing Luo, Luis M. Maldonado III, Pankaj Gupta, Mark [Marcus] C. Campbell, David K. Hinds, Ana V. Kapetanakis, Stephen [Steve] J. McFarland, David S. Levin, David [Dave] J. Miller, J. Scott Southworth, Andreas Boos, Michelle Houghton Jagger, Gunter W. Paret, Jurgen W. Hausmann, Rolando R. Buted, pg 99-102

Index: Volume 46 January 1995 through December 1995. PART 1: Chronological Index, pg 103-104. PART 2: Subject Index, pg 105-110. PART 3: Product Index, pg 111. PART 4: Author Index, pg 111-112

1995 – MEASURE Magazine

January-February 1995 HP Teams Up with the Celtics

  • HP launches ergonomics program to cut injuries in the workplace. 4-7
  • HP joins forces with the Boston Celtics basketball team in a sports-marketing relationship. 8-10
  • WCSO (Worldwide Customer Support Operations) launches new services spawned by migration to open systems, selective outsourcing, mission-critical support, asset management, service. (offshoring) 11-13
  • Samsung Hewlett-Packard, Seoul, South Korea, had record-setting year despite changes in N. Korea. 14-17
  • Why HP’s foreign-service employees (FSEs) give up comforts of home, take risks to work abroad; stories of John Toppel, Steve Paolini, Kanji Yamada, Nick Rossiter. 18-21
  • Medical Products Group engineer Teddy Johnson experiments with seed germination in space. 22-23
  • Ellen Harris writes about leaving Waltham, Mass., for the move to Andover, Penn. 24
  • New employee purchase program plan, buying HP products at employee discount price. 25
  • Lew Platt discusses improving customer satisfaction. 26-27
  • Colorado Springs funds Smithsonian’s Hands-on-Minds-on Science series; experiment on pollination with bee-on-a-stick. 29
  • Louis and Jo Joy publish “Frontline Teamwork.” 29
  • InkJet Business Unit, Corvallis, has Kazoo Marching Band. 29
  • HP helps fund Soda Hall, UC-Berkeley. 30
  • Nurses attend first HP International Health Conference. 31
  • HP Basic Research Institute in Mathematical Sciences (BRIMS) formed in Cambridge, UK. 31
  • HP taking part in two Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) research efforts; Silicon Video to develop flat-panel displays; consortium led by the Integrated Circuit Business Division will create new packaging for attaching ICs to printed circuit boards. 31
  • Medical Products Group and Ohmeda create alliance to develop, sell and service anesthesia delivery systems, patient monitoring systems and other products. 31
  • Measurement Systems Organization signs agreement with Affymetic to jointly develop and market a DNA analysis system. 31

March-April 1995 Where Do I Go from Here?

  • Where is your career headed — self-reliance, change, and work skills. 4-6
  • HP diversity, affirmative action in Europe. 7-9
  • Dave Packard book “The HP Way” published. 10-11
  • International I.Q. quiz tests your global knowledge. 12-13
  • Barcelona, Spain, division goes from 35 employees and one product in 1985 to 800 employees and 12 products now. 14-17
  • The first all-women crew in America’s Cup race sponsored in part by HP. 18-19
  • HP equipment used by Conservation International to help save rain forest. 20-21
  • HP people in Kobe, Japan, describe the recent earthquake. 22-23
  • Interview with James Collins co-author of “Built to Last – Successful Habits of Visionary Companies,” which includes HP. 24-25
  • Lew Platt discusses employee continuing education. 27-28
  • 1994 President’s Quality Award winners announced. 29
  • Lew Platt is on cover of “Business Week.” 30

May-June 1995 A Touching Experience

  • Customer support and the DeskJet paper-feed problem fix. 4-6
  • Doug Carnahan head of Measurement Systems Organization (MSO) looks at new markets. 7-9
  • Commercial Systems Division learns about customer focus after complaints about HP 3000 and plummeting orders. 10-13
  • Monterey Bay Aquarium, with HP support, opened in 1984; Vectra PCs provide life-support system. 14-17
  • Retired HP employees volunteer in the community. 18-20
  • Lew Platt discusses elimination of site business reviews. 21
  • HP engineer Ken Jessen writes books about strange fact in Colorado’s history. 22-23
  • Stock split explanation and history. 24-25
  • Product fair for HP employees and their families in Indianapolis. 28
  • HP helps in G7 conference information technology demos. 28
  • Packard and Hewlett win Lemelson/MIT Lifetime Achievement Award. 29
  • Burrowing owls (federal and state protected species) live in Communications Components Division parking lot in Newark, Calif. 30
  • Judge Lance Ito (of O.J. Simpson trial) sends LaserJet printer to HP for repair. 31
  • HP announces joint ventures with Eastman Kodak, AT&T, NEC, Northern Telecom, Hitachi, Motorola. 31
  • HP, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) sign cooperative research agreement. 31

July-August 1995 Northern Exposure

  • HP 9000 and NetServer LM help link Nunamiut, Alaska, school children. 4-7
  • HP’s No.1 current products and services rankings and ratings. 9-12
  • Kobe, Japan, recovers after the January earthquake. 13-14
  • Video Communications Division (VID) at National Association of Broadcasters annual meeting. 15-17
  • HP adopts new internal communications software cc:Mail for OpenMail (replaces HPDesk). 18-19
  • Grant Smith, HP program manager, crafts armor for Renaissance Faire. 20-22
  • Interview with HP board member, Shirley Hufstedler, first woman on the board. (women) 24-25
  • Lew Platt discusses monthly visits to HP Labs. 26-27
  • Cathy Williams, APG program manager, carries school “travel mate.” 28
  • HP Rockville, Md., hosts minority students at HP Day. (diversity) 29
  • “HP Way” book signing at Stanford University Book Store. 29
  • FBI in Oklahoma bombing investigation use HP calculators and palmtops. 29
  • Asia Pacific Quality convention in Korea. 30
  • HP manufacturing divisions in UK recognized with Queen’s Award for Export Achievement. 30
  • Second-quarter revenue up 19 percent. 30
  • Medical Products Group (MPG) in Andover, Mass., subsidizes Back-up Care Camp. 30

September-October 1995

  • Employee self-reliance and continuing education is the key to promotion at HP; 10 tips for self-reliance. 4-9
  • HP employees link students to the Internet, K-12 education. 8-9
  • Rick Belluzzo heads HP’s new Computer Organization. 10-12
  • HP marketing engineer questions HP customer satisfaction metrics. 13
  • Palo Alto Fabrication Center closes; Redwood building first HP built and owned; sheet metal shop, cable fabrication operation, plastic molding businesses sold. 14-17
  • Workforce diversity is a business imperative; employee minorities form employee network groups. 18-21
  • Cathy Lipe teaches reading, grade-school literacy programs. 22-23
  • David Price discusses woes of business travel. 24-25
  • Lew Platt discusses being a global company. 27-28
  • Artist Christo wraps Berlin’s Reichstag in silver fabric. 29
  • HP employees in Switzerland gather for European Watersport Weekend near Geneva. 29
  • Hewlett and Packard honored at Computerworld Smithsonian Awards program. 30
  • HP Germany and Betz International found LGI Logistics Group International to handle logistic at Boblingen site. 30
  • HP and Merix Corp. sign memorandum of understanding for Merix to buy certain assets of the Loveland (Colorado) printed circuit operation. 30
  • Four Pi, HP’s wholly owned subsidiary, moving to Loveland. 30
  • HP transferring 5965B infrared detector technology to Bio-Rad Inc.’s Digilab Division. 30
  • HP in China for a decade. 31
  • Analytical Products Group signs joint venture agreement with
  • Shanghai Analytical Instrument Factory (SAIF). 31
  • HP selects site at Barnhall, Leixlip, Ireland, to build inkjet cartridge plant. 31
  • HP establishes wholly owned subsidiary in Bogata, Columbia. 31

November-December 1995 How Safe Are You at Work?

  • HP Labs gets HP grant to fund 12 grass-roots research projects to make Labs the World’s Best Industrial Lab (WBIRL). 4-7
  • HP launches corporate program to educate about workplace safety; statistics show violence number one cause of death on the job for women. 8-10
  • HP Poland established 1991 and turns socialist country into capitalist success. 11-13
  • HP dedicates Atlanta Business Center, the largest HP building. 14-17
  • HP Australia Telecommunications Operation (ATO) helps country on information superhighway; develops test equipment for high-speed, broadband telecommunications networks. 18-20
  • HP traveling museum of inkjet printing technology begins in Corvallis, Oregon. 21
  • HP employees rejuvenate Houston-area affiliate of Candlelighters Childhood Cancer Foundation. 22-23
  • New Measure feature “Ask Dr. Cyberspace” offers tips on surfing world wide web. 24
  • Putting the HP Way to the test during closing of an operation; downsizing, relocation, VSI (voluntary severance incentive). 25-26
  • Lew Platt discusses 1995 CEO “Hoshin” goals and business fundamentals. 28-29
  • “Magellan,” HP futuristic video, uses 3D graphics to show how to beat competitors introduction. 30
  • New Computer Systems Organization formed. 30
  • HP acquires Convex Computer Corp. in Texas. 30
  • China Hewlett-Packard supports Conference on Women. 31
  • Communications Test Solutions Group formed. 31
  • IPG (Inkjet Products Group) forms Asia Pacific Business Unit. 31
  • HP, Novell, The Santa Cruz Operation alliance to deliver UNIX operating system. 31

1995 – Packard Speeches

Box 5, Folder 42A – General Speeches


January 5, 1995, Remarks at Memorial Service for Jack L. Shepard, Stanford Memorial Church


1/5/95, Copy of typewritten, with large type, text of speech


Packard says he has known Jack Shepard for many years, “and I have admired his many leadership activities since he graduated Stanford in 1953.


Packard tells of “developing a close personal relationship” with Shepard while working with him on the fund raising project at Stanford, called PACE. He says he and Jack “spent many days together, rounding up cattle on our San Jose Ranch and hunting and fishing together.


“Jack was a leader in all of his many lifetime activities. Jack made a better world for everyone his life touched.”



1/3/95, Copy of typewritten biographical summary of Jack Shepard

1/4/95, Typewritten copy of more extensive biography

1/5/95, Photocopy of cover of memorial service program

Undated, Copy of typewritten note to Packard saying Mrs. Shepard asked if he would says a few words at his memorial service



Box 5, Folder 42B – General Speeches


March 10, 1995, Remarks at Colorado College, Denver, CO


3/10/95, Copy of typewritten text of speech


Packard says he feels very close to the College – “as I would had I been a student here.”


He tells of his mother and father both graduating here in the class of 1902. “My father was the captain of the football team which won the state championship in 1902. I spent many hours listening to him and his teammates of that championship team talk about it – they remembered every play, in every game and every detail of each game.”


Packard’s father wanted him to follow in his footsteps as a lawyer, but he says he had “already decided to be an engineer.” He says the University of Colorado at Boulder had a fine engineering school, and he had “always assumed he would attend college there.”


But he explains that his plans for college changed after he drove his mother and sister to California in 1929. In Palo Alto they visited one of his mother’s classmates, a Mrs. Neff, whose daughter, Alice, was attending Stanford. He says Alice took him on a tour of Stanford and he learned they also had a good engineering school. So he applied at both schools and says he was “rather surprised that I was admitted [at Stanford].”


“When I graduated.” he continues, “I received a job offer from GE in Schenectady, New York. Through a series of events I spent only three and one half years at GE, and with Bill Hewlett I established the Hewlett-Packard Company in 1939.


Packard says he wants to “talk about a major change which is now taking place in the world. This change will make the twenty-first century much more interesting and much more complex than the twentieth century has been. He explains how up until World War II science taught that the atom was the smallest particle in the universe. After WW II we “discovered that the atom was not the smallest particle in the universe We learned that an atom was made up of ten smaller particles, that there were weak forces and strong forces within the atom which did not follow Newtonian laws of gravity.


“With the earlier image of the atom we could construct things that occurred in nature, like artificial diamonds. With the new knowledge, we can construct materials that do not occur in nature, materials harder than diamonds, glass that is ductile, and many more materials that were not available to us in the past.”


“We are beginning to see how genetic engineering will make plants and animals that are used for food much more efficient and will make it possible to provide food for a rapid increase in the world population.


“Even more exciting is the possibility of incorporating genetic products with large scale integrated circuits in ways no one ever thought of in the past.


“I had the honor of addressing the graduating class in 1964. I predicted some of the things that would happen during their lifetime – that we would travel in space and that a man would walk on the moon.


“I am quite sure some, if not most of that graduating class, did not believe that what I told them would happen. I received an invitation from that graduating class to join them at their 25th reunion, because everything I predicted at their graduation had come true.


“I do not expect what I have told you today to come true during my lifetime, but I am quite sure it will during yours.


“This brings me to another prediction. Within the next few years there will be a major change in college and university education. Every graduate will have had to take a basic course in science. For in the future there can not be a liberal education without a basic course in science.


I am working with the president of Stanford to incorporate this change within the next few years. I would Colorado College to do the same.”


“President Mohrman and distinguished members of the faculty, I feel greatly honored to speak with you here today. Colorado College is considered to be one of the best private colleges in the country. I hope whatever help I can provide in funding will help you to keep it that way.”



Box 5, Folder 43 – General Speeches


March 29, 1995, Remarks on Hewlett and Packard Receiving the Lemelson-MIT Award


The Lemelson-MIT Prize  Program was established in 1994 to recognize the nation’s most talented inventors and innovators and to establish positive role models for American youngsters. The program’s Lifetime Achievement Award honors individuals for career-long accomplishments in invention and innovation.


3/29/95, Copy of typewritten draft of Packard’s speech


Packard says “It is a special pleasure to share this recognition with my lifetime business partner and friend, Bill Hewlett.


“The success of our company,” Packard says, “since its beginning in 1939 has been highly dependent on new products. We wanted all of our new products to be important contributions to the progress of technology.


“Fortunately, we have been able to make a number of important contributions; beginning with the resistance stabilized audio oscillator which Bill Hewlett invented when he was still working in Fred Terman’s laboratory at Stanford.


“Most of the progress of technology in the world in the last half of the twentieth century came from new products, many of which were developed largely in our universities all across the country.


“Closely following the end of World War II both we and our allies mounted a large program in high energy physics. We did this because we thought they might find something which would give us a decisive advantage over our adversaries.


“That did not happen – but from this activity we learned that an atom was not the smallest particle in the universe. Instead, an atom had 10 separate particles and had weak forces and strong forces that did not follow the Newtonian laws of gravity.


“With this new discovery we can make things that do not occur in nature. We can make materials harder than diamonds and glass that is ductile, and this new knowledge is the basis for genetic engineering.


“What this means is that the exponential growth of the twenty-first century will be far larger than the exponential growth we have achieved since Bill Hewlett and I started our company in 1939,


“It is unfortunate that our federal government has not recognized this great opportunity for the twenty-first century. Sometime, hopefully soon, they will recognize the great mistake they are making and get our country back on the right track again.


“I applaud Mr. Lemelson and MIT for recognizing this important need and establishing this award.


“I also want to thank Mr. Thurow and the selection committee.


“This award will enable the young inventor who will receive the $500,000 to make some important contribution to technology during his professional career.


“These contributions will be important in expanding our technology in the next century. From this will come a better life for all of the people in our country, indeed, for all of the people in the world.”


3/29/95, Copy of news release describing the award and Hewlett and Packard’s careers




Box 5, Folder 43A – General Speeches


April 10, 1995, Founders of the Future – Remarks at Dinner Honoring William Hewlett and David Packard, Burnham Pavilion, Stanford University.


4/10/95, Copy of typewritten text of speech by Packard


“President Casper,

distinguished members of the Board of Trustees, ladies and gentlemen.


“The success Bill and I have enjoyed and the company we built has been entirely dependent on Stanford.


“Without Fred Terman’s counsel and guidance, the Hewlett-Packard Company would never have been started.


“Our company has had the benefit from the beginning, of inventions developed in the laboratories of Stanford and the scientists and engineers who were educated there.


“The purpose of this New Science and Engineering quadrangle we are funding is to make available to generations of young people in the future, the same kind of opportunities Bill and I have had.


“As I looked over the list of guests here tonight it became evident that every one of you has been helpful to Bill and me and to our company. On behalf of both of us, I want to thank you.


“I met with President Casper last week and he said he did not know what was going to happen in the future.


“I told him I was glad to hear him say that, because those people who think they know everything are very annoying to those of us who do!


“The technology we have used in the twentieth century was based on science which had developed over several thousand years and was largely in place at the beginning of this century.


“That science considered the atom to be the smallest particle in the universe. The atom had a nucleus consisting of protons and neutrons circled by rings of electrons.


“From that image the Periodic Table was built, the atom bomb was designed and we could duplicate some of the materials that occur in nature, such as artificial diamonds.


“Right after the end of World War II the United States, our allies in Europe and the Soviet Union embarked on a very large program of high energy physics.


“we did this because we thought we might discover something which would give us a decisive advantage over our adversaries. I am quite sure the scientists involved considered there might be some other outcome from this massive project. None of the participants found anything that would be a decisive advantage.


“They discovered something that is considerably more important – that an atom is not the smallest article in the universe, that it contains ten smaller particles which are influenced by forces that do not follow Newton’s laws of gravity.


“From this new knowledge it is possible to make things that do not occur in nature such as materials harder than diamonds, glass that is ductile and, indeed, this new knowledge provided the basis for genetic engineering. I am quite sure that no one can predict the outcome, but there will be opportunity for ingenuity in the 21st century vastly greater than  anything in the past.”


4/10/95, Copy of the printed invitation to this dinner

4/10/95, Copy of typewritten speech made on this occasion by Stanford President, Gerhard Casper. He describes in interesting detail the long and productive relationship that existed between Stanford and David Packard and Bill Hewlett.



Box 5, Folder 44 – General Speeches


June 8, 1995, Entrepreneurship and the High Technology Revolution, The Independent Institute, San Francisco, CA


Packard was being honored by the Institute. David Theroux, President of the Institute chaired the occasion and George P. Shultz and Edwin Zschau spoke about their experiences with knowing Packard. The Institute invites experts on social and economic issues, especially as they relate to important new books. Thus the discussions frequently related to issues described in Packard’s recent book The HP Way.


6/8/95, Copy of typewritten transcript of the speakers at this event: Theroux acting as Chairman, Shultz and Zschau talking about Packard, Packard’s address,  and then Theroux putting questions to Packard for comment.


Packard says he and Bill Hewlett lived through various social and economic periods as they grew up – the ‘Roaring Twenties’ when they were in grade school, and the Great Depression when they were in college.


“The experience both of us had during [the depression] period,” Packard says, “was responsible for some of the important policies we followed as we built our company. Those policies we followed included our strong policy to finance our company by reinvesting our profits to finance our growth and to avoid any long-term debt. My experience as a youth in our Pueblo, Colorado, neighborhood gave me a strong dedication to the importance of philanthropy, and a strong commitment to the importance of fishing!


“Some of the other important policies and practices were the result of the advice we received from Fred Terman at Stanford University.


“We did not have any master plan about what we thought we might accomplish in the future. In the beginning, we simply wanted to create jobs for ourselves. In those days, one could live on three dollars a day. And, that is what the job I took with General Electric Company paid in 1935.


“We did decide at the beginning that we wanted to do something that was new and useful. We did not want to duplicate products that were already in the market – we did not want to be a ‘me too’ company.


“In the spring of 1934, I received a job offer from the General Electric Company. Fred Terman encouraged me to take that job. He said I would learn many things that would be helpful when we started our own company. He also thought Bill would benefit from some additional graduate education.


“My job at the General Electric Company did not start until the spring of 1935. When I arrived at G.E. I first met with Mr. Boring who had interviewed me at Stanford and knew I was interested in electronics, which was then called radio engineering. He told me there was no future for radio engineering at G.E. and that I should concentrate my work there on motors, generators and power transmission systems. I have often thought of the irony of that advice because the Hewlett-Packard Company is now much larger than the entire General Electric Company was at that time.


“Subsequently, our company limited its involvement to electronic instruments during the 1950s, but in the middle of the 1960s we began our involvement in digital products, including electronic calculators and computers. We had to take considerable time to catch up in this field. We were not in a position to attract the best talent from outside the company, and the leadership in the company came mostly from our own engineers who had concentrated their work on electronic instruments.


“In the decade of the 1970s, we built up our strength in computers and we were able to attract some important talent in this field. As our strength has grown, we have now become one of the best computer companies in the world. Today, our company has thousands of products and customers all over the world.


“There is no way any chief executive officer of a major company today can know everything involved and be able to make all the decisions. One of the reasons why the problem of bureaucracies can develop results from the fact that a chief executive officer will have a number of people covering all these matters, trying to advise the chief executive on all of what is happening in all the areas of operations.


“Now we got to a point one time when to approve any major sales decision, we had to receive approval from fourteen committees. Well, we fixed that problem by cutting it down to one. Instead, people involved in operations all around the company received responsibility themselves to decide what they wanted to do. It was their responsibility to make sure that their decisions fit in with what was the company’s on-line goals in the field. For example, without such responsibility, by the time top management discovered that there existed a problem with a computer in the system and attempted to correct the situation, another situation would have developed, altering the earlier problem altogether.


“Not every company has the problems that we have – a very large number of products or a very large number of customers all over the world. Some companies have a much smaller group of customers, but in many ways, the same group of management principles apply.


“There are in fact several things a chief executive officer must do. One of them is to make sure that there is a strong internal audit capability because you simply cannot have innovative accounting policies. That has to be reinforced very rigidly, and in some cases, companies come into some areas needing an audit committee which if not followed can cause a company a lot of trouble.


“Now, the second thing, of course you have to have a common experience, have common warranty policies, and a number of those things. And then the chief executive officer also has the responsibility to look for new areas in which the company can make a contribution. And doing so, of course, what’s important is having the advice and counsel of all those people throughout the company.


“These are the sort of principles that I discuss in our book because they are important to success.”


After Packard’s remarks David Theroux submits several questions from the audience to him for his response.


Q. What worries you most when thinking ahead, particularly when thinking of your own family, children and grandchildren?


A. “I am concerned that the young people of the future have the same opportunities that Bill and I have had. And, we believe that it is our responsibility to do what we can to make that come about.”


Q. Thank you for your contributions, please share with us your vision of what high tech will be like in the  year 2000?


A. “Something that is very important that has caught on in the world in the 20th century. Of all the technology that was used up to the end of World War II, technology since has changed everything for the future. Science had developed over a number of years leading to the development of the atomic bomb. But right after World War II, both we and our allies in response to the Soviet Union, undertook a major program in high energy physics, including the work at the Stanford Linear Accelerator.  We believed that we might discover something that would give us a decisive advantage over our enemies. But, that did not happen. What did happen was that we learned that the atom was not the smallest particle in the world. The atom contains smaller particles held in place by the weak and strong forces which do not obey the Newtonian Law of Gravity.


“Now, the fundamental difference that is very important compared with the earlier technology that could create such substances as an artificial diamond, was that you could make things that did not occur in nature. And this change is the basis for example for today’s field of genetic engineering.


“However, if you look at the large-scale integrated circuit, which is the basis for all computers today, they are really just plainer devices. They don’t have three dimensions. But with the new technology, they will have three dimensions. And, that will provide many, many more options to consider for the future. I look at this as something extremely exciting and offering new possibilities which are hard to imagine. We are not just going to have an information super-highway, we will have a whole new world of new kinds of products, new kinds of things to do. And, we will be developing new jobs for a lot more people with these options from this tremendous new science.”


Q. What trends do you see today that are positive and which concern you?


A. “We have spent the better part of the 20th century dealing with communism. Now that we have gotten rid of it, we don’t really know what to do. Many of the post-communist countries of the world are having serious problems, such as we see in Bosnia. And, it is not at all clear how we can solve these problems. It might be done through the United Nations or other international organizations, but it will take the firm commitment of the United States for that to happen. And, the American people don’t want to get involved in a commitment of that kind – it would be like Vietnam again. Now that means that these areas of the world are going to suffer great losses. We certainly are not in a position to provide any optimal solutions.”


Q. At the ten year mark of Hewlett-Packard, there were about 200 employees, did you envision at that time that HP would be 100,000 strong and such a success today?


A. “We certainly did not envision that the company would ever be as large as it is today. We thought that we would be successful, but never foresaw this size. Bill and I have said many times that because the principles of the HP way apply, as the company gets larger, its success depended entirely on the results of the people involved. Fortunately, that is what has happened, and in publishing The HP Way, we have had a tremendous response from the 100,000 employees all over the world.”


Q. What lessons can you share with us about management succession and what is the role of former leadership?


A.”I have always felt that any company that is really strong has management and people who will take over as time goes on. Filling positions from inside and doing the job very well, we are in very good shape. We have quite a number of people coming along. However, this poses one problem for us that we know about. Some of our people have become targets for other companies. And, Bill and I have always taken the position that if they want to do something to promote themselves, then more power t them.”


Q. Please comment on the many lawsuits increasingly taking place in the high technology industry, i.e. Microsoft, Intel, etc.?


A. “I have a lot of lawyer friends, and I have said may times that there are too many lawyers in the field. And, I have a joke about this: What is the difference between a dog run over on the highway and a lawyer run over on the highway? The skidmarks in front of the dog.”


Q. How well did your management philosophy work for the Department of Defense and what changes in government bureaucracy do you suggest?


A. ”We were interested in putting into effect at the Department of Defense some of our HP policies like ‘Management by Walking Around.’ Many of you know that Bob McNamara hated professional military people, and that was well known even then. But, I believed that we should really have them on our side. So, I made a point of having them come to our offices and similarly visit them in their offices.”


Q. How is HP solving the problem caused by the overload of information from the information highway? How do you process all this information in a 24 hour day.


A. “It is certainly clear that the information highway will generate more information than anyone can handle, and it will take discipline on the management level. On the other hand, having this information available is so important that we are going to be way ahead of the game by doing that. Our foundation is working on a program with the Library of congress. The Library of Congress has the largest collection of books and documents of anywhere in the world. We have been working to develop a course in American history with the Library of Congress people and several professors who are teaching American history. That program is going along very well. If you’re studying a particular city, you could just look up what it looked like 100 years ago. It’s an exciting program and it will be great for children and will have a tremendous amount of potential.”



Box 5, Folder 45 – General Speeches


November 8, 1995 – A salute to Dream Builders, Tech Museum of Innovation, San Jose, CA


11/8/95, Copy of typewritten text of speech, very large type


“I want to express my appreciation to John Warnock and the Board of the Tech Museum for honoring me with their Chairman’s Award. I am very pleased to accept it.


“Tonight’s theme is ‘dreams.’ And making them come true. Everyone has dreams about what they want to do, or who they want to be in the future. When Bill Hewlett and I started our company 56 years ago, a couple could live on $100 per month. I do not recall that we had any grandiose dreams about what we wanted to do, although we probably dreamed about having $500 per month sometime in the future.


“I can recall only one specific dream I had – I saw our company name in neon lights – I saw it not from every freeway in the world – but from El Camino Real on the way into San Francisco.


“I am sure it is safe to say that we all have dreams. Some people dream about becoming rich – or about making more money – although it seems to me that when one has enough money to buy or do any thing they want, dreaming about making more money does not seem very rational – but then when I think about it, who am I to tell anyone what they should dream?


“In my own case, I did not dream about much until our foundation decided to have some of its own programs. It was then that I dreamed about making the Monterey Bay Aquarium the best aquarium in the world, and I dreamed about making the Children’s Hospital at Stanford the best medical facility for children in the world. I also dreamed about making the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute the best ocean science center in the world and making everything our foundation did, the very best in the world.


“In doing that, I also wanted to make the Hewlett-Packard Company the best in the world, which I guess was my dream from the very beginning in 1939. I did not think of it as a dream, but Bill and I wanted our company to make a contribution in everything we did – we did not want to be just a ‘me too’ company. And from all reports, we are achieving our goal.


“Once again, I thank you for this honor, and I look forward to the partnership between the Monterey Bay Aquarium, MBARI and the Tech Museum of Innovation in producing the ‘live link’ exhibit enabling people to experience exploration of the world’s oceans on a real-time basis right along with our scientists.


“I suppose you could also call this, ‘building on our dreams,’”



Box 5, Folder 45A – General Speeches


December 1, 1995, Barney Oliver Memorial


12/1/95, Copy of typewritten remarks by Packard


“I first met Barney Oliver 62 years ago. In the fall quarter of my senior year at Stanford, I enrolled in Professor Terman’s graduate course called ‘Radio Engineering.’ I was the first undergraduate allowed to take this course. A junior from Cal Tech enrolled at Stanford at the same time. He asked Fred Terman if he could also take this radio engineering class, and Professor Terman allowed him to do so with the stipulation that if he failed in the first mid-quarter examination he would have to drop out. Barney not only had the highest grade in that examination, he also got the highest grade in the class in every examination that year!


“In the spring of 1934, all the engineering students at Stanford began to worry about finding a job when they graduated. Bill Hewlett, Ed Porter and I decided that we would form our own company of we did not find satisfactory jobs, and Barney Oliver agreed to join us. It turned out that I received a job offer from the General Electric Company in Schenectady, New York. Professor Terman advised me to take that job because I would learn many things there that would be helpful when we eventually started our own company. He said that Bill Hewlett would benefit from several years of graduate work. After graduating, Barney took a job at the Bell Telephone Laboratories where he did some pioneering work with John Pierce on information theory. When the U.S. became involved in World War II, he shifted his work to radar.


“Bill Hewlett and I convinced him to join us at HP in 1952.


“Barney was not only a brilliant scientist, but also a great human being. I have never known anyone who did not like Barney. He also had a great sense of humor. On one occasion, Art Fong, one of our Chinese engineers, asked Barney to give him an evaluation on whether the project Art was working on would succeed. Barney’s response was, ‘It does not have a Chinaman’s chance!’


‘This statement from one of our HP employees sums up what everyone thought of Barney.”


‘It is one of the saddest tasks I have ever undertaken to inform you that this Thanksgiving evening, our dear friend, mentor, colleague and my boss, Barney Oliver, died of a heart attack. Barney was a good friend to a lot of people. I learned to admire and respect him during my nine years working with him. He was very generous, caring and always had time to chat if you came by his office.’


“After 62 years of working with Barney Oliver I consider him not only one of the best scientists I have ever known, but also one of the best friends I ever had.”

Box 4, Folder 46 – General Speeches


December 7, 1995, IEEE Computer Society Award


12/7/95, Acceptance Remarks to IEEE Computer Society


“Bill Hewlett and I thank you very much for this award. It is indeed a great honor to be numbered among the very distinguished people who have received this award in past years.


“While the program outlines how HP became involved in the computer business, I thought it might be interesting to cover this in more detail.


“In 1964 HP’s worldwide sales were $125 million and not one cent was from computers.


“In 1994 HP’s worldwide sales were $24 billion and 78% was from computers!


“This was a remarkable transformation of our company. It would be nice to say that we saw the profound effect computers would have on our business, and that we prepared ourselves to take early advantage of the computer age, Unfortunately, our record does not justify such pride. It is more accurate to say that we were pushed into computers by the revolution that was changing electronics.


“We did realize that computers could improve the accuracy of an instrument by ten fold or more, and a computer could format the output so it would be the most useful for the user.


“I thought we might gain some time by acquiring one of the small computer companies. I took a trip to New England to investigate several of the computer companies there. It turned out that the Digital Equipment Company (DEC), was the best by far, but I decided not to try to acquire DEC because we would have a difficult time correlating some of their basic policies with ours,


“I also visited Wang Laboratories where they were designing an electronic calculator. It was so complex that I decided we should not plan to get into the electronic calculator business.


“All of that changed, however, when a young man named Tom Osborne paid a visit to HP in 1966. Tom had worked across the bay for a mechanical calculator company, Smith Corona Marchant, a supplier of mechanical calculators. Tom had built a typewriter sized electronic calculator and had been showing it to possible buyers, but with no success.


“At HP he showed it to one of our senior engineers, Paul Stoft, and to Barney Oliver, and later to Bill Hewlett and me. We recognized that Tom had a little powerhouse of a machine that might be developed into a desk top calculator that swiftly and silently could calculate trigonometric, logarithmic, and hyperbolic functions and could be programmable as well. It would make obsolete, noisy mechanical calculators and the cumbersome tables of functions that crammed the engineer’s bookshelves.


“Working with Tom Osborne, a team of HP engineers developed the Model 9100 desktop calculator, highly successful in the market place, a truly innovative design. It was before the days of large-scale integrated circuits and used discreet components and a 14 layer printed circuit as the read-only memory.


“The most exciting part of the electronic calculator development was still to come. We had an excellent development program of light emitting diodes in our laboratory, but none of our divisions were interested in using them. With the event of large-scale integrated circuits which could be used as memory and as data processors, it became possible to meet Bill Hewlett’s challenge of developing an electronic calculator that would fit in your shirt pocket. Our development team did this and we introduced the HP Model 35 and later the HP Model 65. Sales for these calculators and their descendents total over 15 million units.


“After about two years, many other companies were making competitive calculators which drove the price sharply down. We did not follow the price down, but in the end we made more profit than any of these competitors.


“Getting back to the computer development, two of our engineers, Paul Stoft and Kay Magleby were experimenting with designing a computer. They gave me a vision of an HP computer controlling HP instruments that were connected to plotters and printers.


“Following this vision, in September 1964 we authorized the development of an HP computer which was to become our Model 2116. We found that we were selling more Model 2116s as stand-alone computers, than as controllers for instruments.


“Through a series of other steps our Model 2116 became, in 1972, our first general purpose computer, the HP 3000. This computer with its MPE operating system became one of the computer industry’s more enduring operating systems. More than twenty years after its introduction its descendant machines are just now entering their obsolescent phase. In the intervening years we designed many other computers and printers and plotters, until we are today one of the best computer companies in the world.


“As we look toward the future we see that there has been a watershed change that will have a profound effect on the computer industry. All of the technology that was used during the 20th century was based on science that was largely in place by 1900. This science was based on the concept that an atom was the smallest particle in the universe. It was thought the atom had a nucleus consisting of protons and neutrons, with rings of electrons around it. From this image the periodic table could be constructed and the atom bomb could be designed.


“Shortly after World War II the U.S. and its Allies, and the Soviet Union undertook a massive program in high energy physics. They did this because they thought something might be discovered that would give them decisive advantage over their adversaries.


“That did not happen. What did happen was that they discovered that the atom was not the smallest particle in the universe, that an atom contained ten smaller particles which had forces within the atom that did not follow the laws of Newtonian physics.


“With the old concept of the atom one could construct things that occur in nature, such as an artificial diamond. With the new science it is now possible to construct things that do not appear in nature, such as materials harder than diamonds. This new science covers the basic laws of genetic engineering, and it is difficult or impossible to predict what can be done. From this I predict it is going to be an exciting time for you people who will spend your lives in the 21st century.


“Again let me tell you that Bill Hewlett and I consider it to be a very great honor to be included among the distinguished people who have already received this honor.


“I will close by wishing you an exciting and  productive time in the 21st century.”


12/15/95, Copy of a typewritten letter from Gretchen Dennis, Packard’s secretary, to Professor J. A. N. Lee, at Virginia Tech sendinghim a copy of the above speech.