1996 – Video and CD Index

1996   Bright Solutions – LEDs for Traffic Management

VHS in presentation box with papers (The Components of Transportation, etc)   approx 12:35 mins   2 copies   (Copy 2, without presentation box & papers, ends with brief piece on Aids Hotline, copyrighted 1992, probably left on tape from previous recording)


1996   HP Video Magazine 1st Quarter 1996

“The Color of Fear.” Diversity Training. Swisscontrol, CopyJet, ATC (Atlantis/Mir Docking. US/Mexico Environmental Testing Forums, Tottenham Hottspurs). San Diego Team Building.

S-2368   VHS   15 mins   Internal Only


1996   HP Video Magazine 2nd Quarter 1996

A Tribute to Dave Packard

S-2370   VHS   18 mins   Internal  Only


1996   HP Video Magazine 3rd quarter 1996

Customer Satisfaction – New Era; Customer Turnaround; Sterling Commerce; Measuring Customer Satisfaction; Retirees; ATC: Hachioji Facility, Lew Platt/Alan Bickell in India, InkJet Supplies Exhibit, Giant Mickey Mouse puzzle, customer Reflections on HP.

S-2369   VHS   17 mins   Internal Only


01/02/96        William R. Hewlett Obituary

For news media: narrated obituary, soundbites, B-Roll   Copyright 1995   2 copies

Copy 1: Betacam   DUB

Copy 2: VHS   approx 9 mins


03/29/96        Lew Platt’s Eulogy for Dave Packard

90747T   VHS   PAL   7 mins   Internal Use Only


03/29/96      David Packard Memorial Service & Tributes

Stanford Memorial Church

90746T   VHS   48 mins       2 copies, one is SECAM


04/01/96        MXD Farewell to Dave Packard



1996 – HP Journal Index

February 1996 v.47 n.1

In Memoriam: Barney Oliver, pg 3

Cover: The HP 9000 J/K-class servers and workstations and the HP 3000 Series 9x9KS servers

Symmetric Multiprocessing Workstations and Servers System-Designed for High Performance and Low Cost. A new family of workstations and servers provides enhanced system performance in several price classes. The HP 9000 Series 700 J-class workstations provide up to 2-way symmetric multiprocessing, while the HP 9000 Series 800 K-class servers (technical servers, file servers) and HP 3000 Series 9x9KS business-oriented systems provide up to 4-way symmetric multiprocessing, by Brendan A. Voge, Badir M. Mousa, Loren P. Staley, Matt J. Harline, pg 8-17

K-Class Power System, by Gerald J. Nelson, James K. Koch, pg 16-17

A High-Performance, Low-Cost Multiprocessor Bus for Workstations and Midrange Servers. The Runaway bus, a synchronous, 64-bit, split-transaction, time multiplexed address and data bus, is a new processor-memory-I/O interconnect optimized for one-way to four-way symmetric multiprocessing systems. It is capable of sustained memory bandwidths of up to 768 megabytes per second in a four-way system, by Nicholas S. Fiduccia, William R. Bryg, Kenneth K. Chan, pg 18-24. 9000 K-class, J-class.

Runway Bus Electrical Design Considerations, by Nicholas S. Fiduccia, pg 22-23

Design of the HP PA 7200 CPU. The PA 7200 processor chip is specifically designed to give enhanced performance in a four-way multiprocessor system without additional interface circuits. It has a new data cache organization, a prefetching mechanism, and two integer ALUs for general integer superscalar execution, by Francis X. Schumacher, Gordon P. Kurpanek, Kenneth K. Chan, Cyrus C. Hay, Jason Zheng, John R. Keller, pg 25-33

Verification, Characterization, and Debugging of the HP PA 7200 Processor. To guarantee a high-quality product the HP PA 7200 CPU chip was subjected to functional and electrical verification. This article describes the testing methods, the debugging tools and approaches, and the impact of the interactions between the chip design and the IC fabrication process, by David N. Goldberg, James R. McGee, Thomas B. Alexander, Kent A. Dickey, Akshya Prakash, Nazeem Noordeen, Ross V. La Fetra, pg 34-43

A New Memory System Design for Commercial and Technical Computing Products. This new design is targeted for use in a wide range of HP commercial servers and technical workstations. It offers improved customer application performance through improvements in capacity, bandwidth, latency, performance scalability, reliability, and availability. Two keys to the improved performance are system-level parallelism and memory interleaving, by Thomas R. Hotchkiss, Norman D. Marschke, Richard M. McClosky, pg 44-51. HP 9000 J/K-class, Runway Bus.

Hardware Cache Coherent Input/Output. Hardware cache coherent I/O is a new feature of the PA-RISC architecture that involves the I/O hardware in ensuring cache coherence, thereby reducing CPU and memory overhead and increasing performance, by Helen Nusbaum, Michael K. Traynor, Todd J. Kjos, Brendan A. Voge, pg 52-59. HP 9000 J/K-class, HP PA-RISC.

A 1.0625-Gbit/s Fibre Channel Chipset with Laser Driver. This chipset implements the Fibre Channel FC-0 physical layer specification at 1.0625 Gbits/s. The transmitters features 20:1 data multiplexing with a comma character generator and a clock synthesis phase-locked loop, and includes a laser driver and a fault monitor for safety. The receiver provides the functions of clock recovery, 1:20 data demultiplexing, comma character detection, and word alignment, and includes redundant loss-of-signal alarms for eye safety. A single-chip version with both transmitter and receiver integrated is designed for disk drive applications using the Fibre Channel arbitrated loop protocol, by Benny W.H. Lai, Margaret M. Nakamoto, Richard Dugan, Justin S. Chang, pg 60-67. G-Link chipset, HDMP-1512, HDMP-1514.

Applying the Code Inspection Process to Hardware Descriptions. The code inspection process from the software world has been applied to Verilog HDL (hardware description language) code. This paper explains the code inspection process and the roles and responsibilities of the participants. It explores the special challenges of inspecting HDL, the types of findings made, and the lessons learned from using the process for a year, by Joseph J. Gilray, pg 68-72

Overview of Code-Domain Power, Timing, and Phase Measurements. Telecommunications Industry Association standards specify various measurements designed to ensure the compatibility of North American CDMA (code division multiple access) cellular transmitters and receivers. This paper is a tutorial overview of the operation of the measurement algorithms in the HP 83203B CDMA cellular adapter, which is designed to make the base station transmitter measurements specified in the standards, by Raymond A. Birgenheier, pg 73-93. TIA IS-95/97.

Authors February 1996: Matt J. Harline, Brendan A. Voge, Loren P. Staley, Badir [Bud] M. Mousa, William [Bill] R. Bryg, Kenneth [Ken] K. Chan, Nicholas [Nick] S. Fiduccia, Cyrus [Cy] C. Hay, John R. Keller, Gordon P. Kurpanek, Francis X. Schumacher, Jason Zheng, Thomas [Tom] B. Alexander, Kent A. Dickey, David [Dave] N. Goldberg, Ross V. La Fetra, James [Jim] R. McGee, Nazeem Noordeen, Akshya Prakash, Thomas [Tom] R. Hotchkiss, Norman [Norm] D. Marschke, Richard [Rich] M. McClosky, Todd J. Kjos, Helen Nusbaum, Michael [Mike] K. Traynor, Justin S. Chang, Richard Dugan, Benny W. H. Lai, Margaret M. Nakamoto, Joseph [Joe] J. Gilray, Raymond [Ray] A. Birgenheier,  pg 94-97

April 1996 v.47 n.2

Cover: A screen showing a typical collection of icons, panels, windows, and dialog boxes that make up the graphical user interface of the Common Desktop Environment

A Common Desktop Environment for Platforms Based on the UNIXÒ Operating System. User interface technologies from four companies have been combined to create a single UNIX desktop standard that provides a common look and feel for end users and a common set of tools for system administrators and application developers, by Dana E. Laursen, Jon A. Brewster, Brian E. Cripe, pg 6-11. CDE.

Appendix A: CDE Application Programming Interfaces, pg 11-14

Accessing and Administering Applications in CDE. Setting up transparent access to applications and resources in a highly networked environment is made simpler by facilities that enable system administrators to integrate applications into the CDE desktop, by Anna Ellendman, William R. Yoder, pg 15-23. Common Desktop Environment.

Application Servers and Clients in CDE, pg 22

The CDE Action and Data Typing Services. Several different types of databases and their associated APIs are involved in determining the look and behavior of icons presented in the Common Desktop Environment, by Arthur F. Barstow, pg 24-28

Migrating HP VUE Desktop Customizations to CDE. With CDE becoming the UNIXÒ desktop standard, it is important to allow HP VUE users to preserve their customizations when moving over to the CDE desktop. A set of tools has been developed to make this transactions as complete and effortless as possible, by Molly Joy, pg 29-37. Visual User Environment, Common Desktop Environment.

A Media-Rich Online Help System. Based on an existing fast and easy-to-use online help system, the CDE help system extends this baseline to provide features that will work across all UNIXÒ platforms, by Lori A. Cook, Steven P. Hiebert, Michael R. Wilson, pg 38-49. Common Desktop Environment.

Managing a Multicompany Software Development Project. The development of the Common Desktop Environment version 1.0 involved a joint engineering project between four companies that normally compete in the marketplace, by Robert M. Miller, pg 50-53. CDE, IBM, Sun Microsystems, USL, UNIX.

Design and Development of the CDE 1.0 Test Suite. Testing a product whose parts are being developed in four different environments that have different test tools and test procedures requires setting some rigorous test goals and objectives at the beginning of the project, by Paul R. Ritter, Kristann L. Orton, pg 54-61. CDE, Common Desktop Environment.

Synlib: The Core of CDE Tests. Synlib is an application program interface for creating tests for graphical user interface applications. A collection of Synlib programs, each designed to verify a specific property of the target software, forms a test suite for the application. Synlib tests can be completely platform independent – an advantage for testing the Common Desktop Environment (CDE), which runs on the platforms of the four participating companies, by Sankar L. Chakrabarti, pg 62-65

A Hybrid Power Module for a Mobile Communications Telephone. This article describes a 3.5-watt power module designed for a GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) handheld telephone. The design features proprietary silicon power bipolar devices, lumped elements for input, interstage, and output matching, thick-film alumina ceramic technology, and laser trimmed bias resistors. High-volume manufacturing was a design requirement, by Melanie M. Daniels, pg 66-72

Automated C-Terminal Protein Sequence Analysis Using the HP G1009A C-Terminal Protein Sequencing System. The HP G1009A is an automated system for the carboxy-terminal amino acid sequence analysis of protein samples. It detects and sequences through any of the twenty common amino acids. This paper describes a number of applications that demonstrates its capabilities, by Jerome M. Bailey, Chad G. Miller, pg 73-82

Abbreviations for the Common Amino Acids, pg 74

Measuring Parasitic Capacitance and Inductance Using TDR. Time-domain reflectometry (TDR) is commonly used as a convenient method of determining the characteristics impedance of a transmission line or quantifying reflections caused by discontinuities along or at the termination of a transmission line. TDR can also be used to measure quantities such as the input capacitance of a voltage probe, the inductance of a jumper wire, the end-to-end capacitance of a resistor, or the effective loading of a PCI card. Element values can be calculated directly from the integral of the reflected or transmitted waveform, by David J. Dascher, pg 83-96

Authors April 1996: Brian E. Cripe, Jon A. Brewster, Dana E. Laursen, Anna Ellendman, William [Bill] R. Yoder, Arthur [Art] F. Barstow, Molly Joy, Lori A. Cook, Stephen [Steve] P. Hiebert, Michael [Mike] R. Wilson, Robert [Bob] M. Miller, Kristann L. Orton, Paul R. Ritter, Sankar L. Chakrabarti, Melanie M. Daniels, Chad G. Miller, Jerome M. Bailey, David [Dave] J. Dascher, pg 97-99

June 1996 v.47 n.3

In Memoriam: David Packard, pg 2

Cover: A rendition of the multiple views of time-correlated data provided by the HP 16505A prototype analyzer

Reducing Time to Insight in Digital System Integration. Digital design teams are facing exponentially growing complexities and need processes and tools that reduce the time needed to gain insight into difficult system integration problems. This article describes modern digital systems in terms of the problems they create in the system integration phase. The debug cycle is described with special emphasis on the “insight loop”, the most time-consuming phase of system integration. A case study from an HP workstation design effort is used to illustrate the principles. A new digital analysis tool, the HP 16505A prototype analyzer, is introduced as a means of solving these vexing problems more quickly by reducing time to insight, by Patrick J. Byrne, pg 6-14

Prototype Analyzer Architecture. The HP 16505A architecture allows multiple concurrent views of acquired logic analysis data. Markers on all views are correlated. The user only needs to place the marker on one view and the markers on the other views automatically relocate. Thus a stack anomaly in one view can be immediately correlated with the software routine causing the violation, by Jeffrey E. Roeca, pg 15-21

Determining a Best-Fit Measurement Server Implementation for Digital Design Team Solutions. Prototype analyzer customers wanted fast throughput, quick answers, a turnkey solution, an affordable base system price, connection to diverse open-systems networks and platforms, and interfaces to a wide variety of tools. An encapsulated measurement server architecture based on a dedicated workstation and a SCSI II interface best fit the requirements, by Gregory J. Peters, pg 22-29. 16505A.

A Normalized Data Library for Prototype Analysis. The goal was that each analysis and display tool to be included in the prototype analyzer should be designed and written only once. Therefore, the data library is designed to normalize the variety of basic logic analyzer data types and the variety of postacquisition data types generated by various analysis tools and to present this data to other analysis and display tools in a standard format, by Mark P. Schnaible, pg 30-37. 16505A.

A Full-Featured PentiumÒ PCI-Based Notebook Computer. The HP OmniBook 5000 computer takes advantage of new technologies such as mobile Pentium, PCI, plug and play, lithium-ion batteries, and hot docking to give users the same capabilities as their desktop computers, by Timothy F. Myers, pg 38-44

Flyback Charger Circuit, pg 42

A Graphing Calculator for Mathematics and Science Classes. The HP 38G calculator allows teachers to direct students and keep them focused while they explore mathematical and scientific concepts. It features aplets, which are small applications that focus on a particular area of the curriculum and can be easily distributed from the teacher’s calculator to the students’, by James A. Donnelly, Feng Yuan, Ted W. Beers, Diana K. Byrne, Robert W. Jones, pg 45-58. HP 38G.

Distributed Software Team, pg 54

Creating HP 38G Aplets. This article explores a simple aplet and shows how to construct an aplet called PolySides, by James A. Donnelly, pg 59-63

HP PalmVue: A New Healthcare Information Product. The HP PalmVue system integrates personal computer, alphanumeric paging, and palmtop computer technology into an effective solution for delivering timely and high-quality patient data to mobile physicians, by Jon D.Waisnor, Allan P. Sherman, Edward H. Schmuhl, pg 64-69. M1490A.

Data Through Paging Technology, pg 68

Constructing An Application Server. In a dynamic networked environment in which there are several hundred workstations and servers there is a constant demand for new versions of software. In this environment software installation procedures must be quick, flexible, and tolerant of change, by Jill E. Swenson, pg 70-75

Interface Translation for Reuse of Assembly-Language Modules in a Two-Language Environment. A mixture of low-level and high-level implementation languages is likely when old modules are reused. In a two-language system, some interfaces must be expressed in both languages. This paper describes the design and implementation of a production-quality software tool that solves this problem for the C programming language, by James R. Buffenbarger, pg 76-81

Authors June 1996: Patrick [Pat] J. Byrne, Jeffrey [Jeff] E. Roeca, Gregory [Greg] J. Peters, Mark P. Schnaible, Timothy [Tim] F. Myers, Ted W. Beers, Diana K. Byrne, James [Jim] A. Donnelly, Robert [Max] W. Jones, Feng Yuan, Edward [Ted] H. Schmuhl, Allan [Al] P. Sherman,  Jon D. Waisnor, Jill E. Swenson, James [Jim] R. Buffenbarger, pg 82-84

August 1996 v.47 n.4

Cover: A computer-colorized and embossed photograph of a cracked 58Bi42Sn solder joint, showing that the brittle fracture of the Bi-rich phase was the cause of the brittle failure of the solder

Implementing the Capability Maturity Model for Software Development. Continuous support for a software development improvement effort requires at least two things: a clearly defined improvement model and success at applying the model in the organization. One HP division was able to apply one such model and achieve measurable success on several product releases, by Douglas E. Lowe, Guy M. Cox, pg 6-14. CMM.

Software Failure Analysis for High-Return Process Improvement Decisions. Software failure analysis and root-cause analysis have become valuable tools in enabling organizations to determine the weaknesses in their development processes and decide what changes they need to make and where, by Robert B. Grady, pg 15-24

HP Press Book Excerpt. Evolutionary Fusion: A Customer-Oriented Incremental Life Cycle for Fusion. Creating and maintaining a consistent set of specifications that result in software solutions that match customer’s needs is always a challenge. A method is described that breaks the software life cycle into smaller chunks so that customer input is allowed throughout the process, by Todd Cotton, pg 25-38

What Is Fusion?, by Derek Coleman, pg 27

Fusion in the Real World, by Ruth Malan, Reed P. Letsinger, pg 37

The Evolutionary Development Model for Software. The traditional waterfall life cycle has been the mainstay for software developers for many years. For software products that do not change very much once they are specified, the waterfall model is still viable. However, for software products that have their feature sets redefined during development because of user feedback and other factors, the traditional waterfall model is no longer appropriate, by Barbara A. Zimmer, Elaine L. May, pg 39-45. EVO, Evolutionary Development.

The Software Initiative Program, pg 42

HP Domain Analysis: Producing Useful Models for Reusable Software. Early software reuse efforts focused on libraries of general-purpose routines or functions. These fine-grained assets did not produce the hoped-for quality and productivity improvements. Recent software reuse efforts have shown that architecture-based, domain-specific reuse can yield greater quality and productivity improvements, by Patricia Collins Cornwell, pg 46-55

Reuse Roles: Producers, Supporters, and Utilizers, pg 50

A Model for Platform Development. For many software and firmware products today, creating the entire architecture and design and all the software modules from the ground up is no longer feasible, especially from the point of view of product quality, ease of implementation and short product development schedules. Therefore, the trend is to create new product versions by intentionally reusing the architecture, design, and code from an established software platform, by Emil Jandourek, pg 56-71

A Decision Support System for Integrated Circuit Package Selection. The package provides signal and power distribution, heat dissipation, and environmental protection for an integrated circuit (IC). The process of selecting a package is complicated by the large number of packaging alternatives with overlapping capabilities. To handle these difficulties, a decision support system was developed. The Package Selection Systems (PASS) combines expert system tools and multiple-attribute decision making techniques. The expert system provides a list of technically feasible alternatives. The multiple-attribute decision making modules are used to rank the alternatives based on nontechnical criteria, by Craig J. Tanner, pg 72-79. MLM, Manufacturingless Manufacturers, MADM.

Cycle Time Improvement for Fuji IP2 Pick-and-Place Machines. Some of the major enhancements are eliminating head contention, reducing or eliminating nozzle changes, supporting user-defined nozzles, supporting large nozzles for holders 2 and 3, and being able to define multiple part data for a given part number. The cycle time improvement exceeds the original goal of 5%, and the result at one surface mount center was more than 16% over hand-created and optimized recipes. The solution helps both the high-volume and the high-mix centers, by Fereydoon Safai, pg 80-83

Reducing Setup Time for Printed Circuit Assembly. In 1994, HP’s Man-Link recipe generation system was enhanced to reduce the time required for setting up pick-and-place machines. This was done by ordering the products to exploit the commonality of parts among them and by creating sequences of setups that differ as little as possible from one another. This paper documents the issues and trade-offs and discusses the potential benefits, by Richard C. Palm, Jr., pg 84-90

Low-Temperature Solders. The application of low-temperature solders in surface mount assembly processes for products that do not experience harsh temperature environments is technically feasible. One single alloy may not be appropriate as a universal solutions, by Hubert A. Vander Plas, Zequn Mei, Helen A. Holder, pg 91-98. EADC, Electronic Assembly Development Center.

Assessment of Low-Temperature Fluxes. The subject of this paper is the evaluation of the wetting balance as a technique for studying the flux activity of newly developed low-temperature solder paste fluxes. The most effective configuration of the wetting balance was the standard configuration with only one change: the PbSn eutectic solder was replaced with a eutectic solder alloy with a melting point of 58°C. Since 58°C is significantly less than the proposed activation temperatures of the solder fluxes, wetting curves as a function of temperature could be studied for each of the fluxes. The resulting data was used to rank the fluxes in terms of the activation requirement, by Helen Holder, Zequn Mei, Russell B. Cinque, Hubert A. Vander Plas, pg 99-103

October 1996 v.47 n.5

Cover: An artistic rendition of telecommunications, showing a satellite antenna in the background and an HP OEMF network map and alarm viewer for a mobile network in the foreground

A Platform for Building Integrated Telecommunication Network Management Applications. Telecommunications companies today are faced with rapid technological change, large heterogeneous environments, and a greater need to provide customers with products that ensure reliable, cost-effective network service. This means that these companies need a platform that has a visionary strategy that enables them to develop standards-compliant network management solutions for a continually changing environment, by Prabha G. Chadayammuri, pg 6-16

Distributed Processing Environment: A Platform for Distributed Telecommunications Applications. Vendors developing applications for a heterogeneous, distributed environment need to be able to build towards a platform that integrates all the management and control functions of distributed computing into a unified software architecture that allows their applications to be available from any point in the network regardless of the system or geographic location, by Trong Nguyen, Frank Quemada, Frank Leong, Satya P. Mylavarabhata, pg 17-21. DPE.

HP OEMF: Alarm Management in Telecommunications Networks. This article explains the HP OpenView Element Management Framework concept, which is based on the HP OpenView Fault Management Platform (FMP) and complements the functionality of the FMP to provide an integrated network management solution. This article also explains the FMP, which facilitates efficient management of alarms in a telecommunications network, and the open APIs provided in the FMP, which allow seamless integration with other applications, by Sujai Hajela, pg 22-30

HP OpenView Event Correlation Services. When a fault occurs in a telecommunications system, it can cause an event storm of several hundred events per second for tens of seconds. HP OpenView Event Correlation Services (ECS) helps operators interpret such storms. It consists of an ECS Designer for the interactive development of correlation rules and an ECS engine for executive of these rules, by Kenneth R. Sheers, pg 31-42

Correlation Node Types, pg 34

Count Node, pg 36

Unless Node, pg 37

Table Node, pg 38

Fact Store and Data Store, pg 39

Annotation, pg 40

A Modeling Toolset for the Analysis and Design of OSI Network Management Objects. To deal with the complexity of network management standards and the increasing demand to deploy network management applications quickly, analysts and designers need a set of tools to help them quickly and easily model, define, and develop new network management objects, by Jacqueline A. Bray, pg 43-49. GDMO, Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects.

Appendix A: A Portion of a GDMO Definition for a UNIX Password File, pg 5-51

A Toolkit for Developing TMN Manager/Agent Applications. Developing manager and agent applications for telecommunications network management that conform to standards can be a time-consuming task because of the number of APIs and data types involved in dealing with network data and protocols. The HP OpenView Managed Object Toolkit aids and accelerates the development of these TMN applications, by Lisa A. Speaker, pg 52-61

A Software Toolkit for Developing Telecommunications Application Components. To be effective, application developers must understand the data available to their applications, the operations required to access the data, and the steps required to turn their understanding into an implementation. A prototype development environment has been built that helps the developer explore and understand the data in the Management Information Base (MIB) and construct and deploy pieces of TMN management applications, by Alasdair D. Cox, pg 62-69

Business Process Flow Management and its Application in the Telecommunications Management Network. HP OpenPM is an open, enterprise-capable, object-oriented business process flow management system that manages business activities supporting complex enterprise processes in a distributed heterogeneous computing environment. It is a middleware service that represents a substantial evolution from traditional workflow technologies, by Qiming Chen, James W. Davis, Weimin Du, Ming-Chien Shan, pg 70-76

HP OpenView Agent Tester Toolkit. In developing HP OpenView agents, a major challenge is to develop and test both the agent and the manager simultaneously. To fill this need, the HP OpenView Agent Tester Toolkit generates tests and allows the developer to execute these tests individually or as a set, by Paul A. Stoecker, pg 77-80

Storage Management Solutions for Distributed Computing Environments. Strategies for dealing with the vast amounts of data generated by today’s information technology environments involve more than just larger and larger disk drives. They include the right combination of different storage devices to deal with offline, nearline, and online data storage and scalable management software, by Kelly A. Emo, Reiner Lomb, Roy M. VanDoorn, pg 81-89

Authors October 1996: Prabha G. Chadayammuri, Frank Leong, Satya P. Mylavarabhatla, Trong Nguyen, Frank Quemada, Sujai Hajela, Kenneth [Ken] R. Sheers, Jacqueline [Jackie] A. Bray, Lisa A. Speaker, Alasdair D. Cox, Ming-Chien Shan, James [Jim] W. Davis, Weimin Du, Qiming Chen, Paul A. Stoecker, Reiner Lomb, Kelly A. Emo, Roy M. Vandoorn, Meryem Primmer, Judith [Judy] A. Smith, pg 90-93

An Introduction to Fibre Channel. Fibre Channel is a flexible, scalable, high-speed data transfer interface that can operate over a variety of both copper wire and optical fiber at data rates up to 250 times faster than existing communication interfaces. Networking and I/O protocols, such as SCSI commands, are mapped to Fibre Channel constructs, encapsulated, and transported within Fibre Channel frames, by Meryem Primmer, pg 94-98

Tachyon: A Gigabit Fibre Channel Protocol Chip. The Tackyon chip implements the FC-1 and FC-2 layers of the five-layer Fibre Channel standard. The chip enables a seamless interface to the physical FC-0 layer and low-cost Fibre Channel attachments for hosts, systems, and peripherals on both industry-standard and proprietary buses through the Tachyon system interface. It allows sustained gigabit data throughput at distance options from ten meters on copper to ten kilometers over single-mode optical fiber, by Meryem Primmer, Judith A. Smith, pg 99-112

December 1996 v.47 n.6

New: 1996 Index is available at URL: http://www.hp.com/hpj/index96.html  [sic; url no longer functions]

Cover: A color-graded eye diagram produced by the HP 83480 digital communications analyzer, superimposed on a display of the frequency response of its optical channel

A New Instrument for Waveform Analysis of Digital Communications Signals. The HP 83480 digital communications analyzer combines an optical reference receiver with an oscilloscope and communications measurement firmware. Its measurements meet the requirements of the SONET and SDH fiber-optic communications standards, by Christopher M. Miller, Michael J. Karin, Stephen W. Hinch, pg 6-12

Eye Diagrams and Sampling Oscilloscopes, pg 8-9

Firmware Measurement Algorithms for the HP 83480 Digital Communications Analyzer. Parametric measurements measure waveform properties such as rise time, fall time, overshoot, period, and amplitude on either a pulse waveform or an eye diagram. Mask measurements compare the shape of the waveform to a predefined mask. Eye parameter measurements measure properties that are unique to eye diagrams, such as eye height, eye width, jitter, crossing height, and extinction ration, by Christopher P. Duff, Stephen W. Hinch, Michael G. Hart, pg 13-21

HP Eyeline Display Mode, p 18-19

Design of Optical Receiver Modules for Digital Communications Analysis. These three bit-rate-specific optical plug-in modules are essential components of the HP 83480A Digital Communications Analyzer. They are for data rates of 155/622 Mbits/s, 2.488 Gbits/s, and 9.953 Gbits/s, by Christopher M. Miller, Randall King, Mark J. Woodward, Tim L. Bagwell, Joseph Straznicky, Naily L. Whang, Donald L. Faller, Jr., pg 22-31

Transimpedance Amplifier O/E Converter Design, pg 29

Differential Time-Domain Reflectometry Module for a Digital Oscilloscope and Communications Analyzer. The HP 54754A differential TDR plug-in conjunction with the HP 54750 digital oscilloscope or the HP 83480 digital communications analyzer significantly improves the speed and ease of making critical measurements in today’s high-speed systems, by Michael M. McTigue, Christopher P. Duff, pg 32-36

Frequency Response Measurement of Digital Communications Analyzer Plug-in Modules. It has been extremely difficult to characterize the SONET/SDH standard receiver with tolerances of ±0.3 dB. This paper describes a method for calibrating photoreceiver frequency response with the low inherent uncertainty of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology Nd:YAG heterodyne system and transferring this calibration to a production test system while maintaining a low uncertainty, by Rin Park, Paul D. Hale, pg 37-40

Radially Staggered Bonding Technology. This new approach to fine-pitch integrated circuit bonding entails a new configuration of bonding pads on the die, dual-loop wire bonding, and a new leadframe design that minimizes wire lengths. The approach bypasses the usual obstacles to fine-pitch bonding that arise with the conventional in-line approach, thus providing appreciable die size and cost reduction with a minimal assembly cost penalty, by Rajendra D. Pendse, Rita N. Horner, Fan Kee Loh, pg 41-50

Implementation of Pad Circuitry for Radially Staggered Bond Pad Arrangements. One approach to pushing the limits of wire bonding pitch in IC packages is to use two rows of radially staggered bond pads. This paper discusses the design of pad circuitry to mesh with the radially staggered bond pad arrangement. A test chip that incorporates suitable test structures was designed, fabricated, packaged and tested to verify the viability of the approach, by Rajendra D. Pendse, Fan Kee Loh, Rita N. Horner, pg 51-54

A Miniature Surface Mount Reflective Optical Shaft Encoder. The HEDR-8000 Series encoders provide two-channel medium-resolution encoding performance in a very small SO-8 plastic package. Their small size, reflective operation, and low cost enable customers to design them into applications that were impossible for earlier encoders, such as feedback sensing for the miniature motors used in copiers, cameras, vending machines, and card readers, by Ram S. Krishnan, Thomas J. Lugaresi, Richard Ruh, pg 55-59

The Global Positioning System and HP SmartClock. The U.S. Department of Defense Global Positioning Systems has inherent problems that limit its use as a source of timing. HP SmartClock is a collection of software algorithms that solve or greatly minimize these problems, by John A. Kusters, pg 60-67. GPS.

See Also: Reader Forum: A letter from Dennis D. McCarthy and John A. Kusters regarding “The Global Positioning System and HP SmartClock”, page 132 in the August 1997 issue

Universal Time Coordinated (UTC), pg 65

The Third-Generation HP ATM Tester. Breaking away from the traditional bounds of transmission and protocol analyzers, the HP E5200A broadband service analyzer redefines the way in which the interactions between protocol layers at multiple points in the network are analyzed and presented, leading to the new concept of service analysis, by Stewart W. Day, Thomas F. Cappellari, Geoffrey H. Nelson, pg 68-73

Glossary, pg 69

Managed Objects for Internal Application Control. Managed objects are fundamental to the software architecture of the HP E5200A broadband service analyzer. Typically used to control remote network elements, managed objects are also used internally by the service analyzer’s application to control application objects, by John P. Nakulski, pg 74-78

Macros, pg 77

Developing a Design for Manufacturability Focus. The HP Australian Telecommunication Operation has rapidly evolved from a custom test instrument developer to an operation that develops and produces products in higher volumes. Significant cultural and technological hurdles have been overcome during the transition to an operation focused on design for manufacturability, by John G. Fuller, pg 79-84. ATO.

HP E5200A Broadband Service Analyzer EMC Design, by Cary J. Wright, pg 80-81

HP E5200A Broadband Service Analyzer Surface Mount Assembly, by Wyatt Luce, pg 83

Production Test Strategy for the HP E5200A Broadband Service Analyzer. Boundary scan and built-in self-test are supplemented by conventional testing techniques. Eight discrete levels of testing were implemented, by Cary J. Wright, pg 85-87

Usable Usability. Usability engineering aims to improve a product’s ease of use by focusing on user needs. “Usable usability” also considers the needs of the product developers, by Peter G. Tighe, pg 88-93

Authors December 1996: Stephen [Steve] W. Hinch, Michael [Mike] J. Karin, Michael [Mike] G. Hart, Christopher [Chris] M. Miller, Randall [Randy] King, Mark [Woody] J. Woodward, Tim L. Bagwell, Donald [Don] L. Faller, Jr., Joseph [Joe] Straznicky, Naily L. Whang, Michael [Mike] M. McTigue, Christopher [Chris] P. Duff, Rin Park, Paul D. Hale, Rajendra [Raj] D. Pendse, Rita N. Horner, Fan [Frankie] Kee Loh, Ram S. Krishnan, Thomas [Tom] J. Lugaresi, Richard Ruh, John [Jack] A. Kusters, Stewart W. Day, Geoffrey [Geoff] H. Nelson, Thomas [Frank] F. Cappellari, John P. Nakulski, John G Fuller, Cary J. Wright, Peter [Pete] G. Tighe, pg 94-98

1996 – MEASURE Magazine

January-February 1996 A Supportive Environment

  • Telecom ’95, HP Labs Joel Birnbaum and Nicholas Negroponte discuss the future of telecommunications. 4-5
  • 25 facts about Telecom ’95 trade show. 6
  • Criminologist Dr. Henry Lee uses HP analytical equipment to solve crimes in Connecticut. 7-9
  • HP 3000 and 9000 computers used by Southwest Airlines for ticketless airline travel program. 10-11
  • Dave Packard visits China. 12-13
  • HP’s European Customer Support Center in Amsterdam is first call center of its kind in Netherlands. 14-17
  • HP Colorado employee, Fred Madden, after quadruple bypass surgery and tips on staying healthy. 18-19
  • Diversity at the Spokane Washington Division (SKD) is not about quotas but about social responsibility. 20-21
  • Ask Dr. Cyberspace column gives top Web site picks and cyberspeak glossary. 22-23
  • Lew Platt discusses FY95 earnings, stock price. 26-27
  • HP customer engineer on rollerblades in New York City. 28
  • HP wins Blue Angel environmental award in Germany. 28
  • Computer Products Organization sponsors Tottenham Hotspur Football club in the UK. 29
  • HP OmniBook and HP palmtop computers survive airport security explosion of unattended luggage. 29
  • Five new vice presidents named. 30
  • HP receives patent for triad pen used in DeskJet 500 and 600 inkjet printers. 30
  • Organization name changes: CSO Order Fulfillment Group, Networked Computing Division, Enterprise Networking and Security Division, Electronic Messaging Operation moves to Software Business Unit. 31
  • Shanghai Computer Operation formed. 31
  • Telecom Hewlett-Packard formed in Australia. 31
  • APG Analytical Products Group name changed to CAG Chemical Analysis Group. 31
  • HP employees participate in San Jose, Calif., youth basketball league. 31
  • Barney Oliver, founder of HP Labs, dies. 32

March-April 1996 Balancing Work and Kids: It’s Not Child’s Play

  • Corporate flexibility is key to balancing work and family, productivity and retaining good employees. 4-7
  • Lew Platt discusses work environment in the 1990s, alternative work schedules. 8-11
  • Ask Dr. Cyberspace answers employee questions and gives top 10 Web site picks. 12-13
  • HP Asia Pacific with regional headquarters in Hong Kong has sales over $5 billion for first time. 14-17
  • Importance of security and protecting product trade secrets is emphasized. 18-20
  • Vancouver’s Dave Kammeyer, paralyzed employee, discusses HP Way regarding disabilities. (diversity) 22-23
  • Engineer becomes manager; managing at HP. 25-26
  • Packard and Hewlett garage photo juxtaposes garage with picture of earth from space. 27
  • Lew Platt discusses role of board of directors. 28
  • HP employee makes video of baby face-watching. 29
  • Career Self-Reliance Tool Kit helps employees achieve career self-reliance in changing work environment. 29
  • Six-year-old LaserJet Series II survives tornado and hurricane in Alabama. 30
  • HP Gmbh to build new facility in Herrenberg-Gultstein, Germany. 30
  • HP equipment donated to learning program in Denver. 31
  • HP acquires ElseWhere, developer of print and publishing software. 31
  • HP completes acquisition of Convex Computer Corp. 31
  • Solectron completes acquisition of HP GmbH printed circuit assembly operation. 31
  • HP/Iochpe joint venture in Brazil ends as HP acquires Iochpe’s interest in Edisa. 31

May-June 1996 The Packard Touch

  • HP benchmarks customer satisfaction against that of other companies. 4-7
  • HP’s Executive Customer Support Group comprised of retirees who handle 750 complaints/month that come to CEO Lew Platt. 8-9
  • Three HP families have quintuplets. 13-15
  • HP tells stories about Packard: open door policy, management by walking around (MBWA), relationship with Hewlett, HP way. 17-21
  • Manufacturing strategy changes at HP and growing global competition are discussed. 22-23
  • Dr. Cyberspace discusses search engines. 25-26
  • Lew Platt discusses Packard’s generosity, values. 27-28
  • HP employee skydives with OmniBook to illustrate transferring data anywhere at any time. 29
  • HP ranks 20 (up two places) in Fortune 500 survey; number two in computers, office equipment. 29
  • HP’s Worldwide Customer Support Operations (WCSO) is associate sponsor and technical partner for IndyCar racing team. 30
  • President’s Quality Awards winners announced. 30
  • HP helps Girls Scouts of Santa Clara with space for cookies at Santa Clara site. 31
  • Vietnam subsidiary opens. 31
  • HP PCs to be manufactured for sale to local market in China. 31
  • HP signs agreement with SecureWare for Internet security. 31

July-August 1996 HP Mexico Rides Again

  • Ethics and business decisions are illustrated with ethical business scenarios; legal standards of business conduct are discussed. 4-7
  • HP 1000 technology used by United Tote, one of the largest pari-mutuel horse betting companies in the U.S. 8-9
  • HP willing to be flexible to provide employees work/life balance via telecommuting. 10-11
  • HP provides IT assistance to France 1998 World Cup soccer competition. 12-13
  • HP Mexico celebrates 30th anniversary; photo essay. 14-18
  • Maria Rodriguez volunteers as a mentor to inner-city children. 20-21
  • Employee with AIDS discusses his support network. 22-23
  • Dr. Cyberspace discusses Internet provider costs. 24-26
  • Lew Platt discusses change in profit-sharing formula. 26-27
  • New HP Japan Hachioji facility opening blessed in Shinto ceremony. 28
  • HP runners participate in the Boston Marathon. 29
  • HP unplugs its last mainframe computer serving a mission-critical system and moves entirely to open systems and client/server solutions. 29
  • HP employee carries the Olympic torch. 30
  • HP donates $600,000 of computer equipment to the U.S. Library of Congress. 30
  • HP’s 83-year-old employee, Bob Teichner, still working after 34 years at HP. 31
  • HP 200LX Palmtop PC modified for Atlanta’s Olympic event. 31
  • Larry Tomlinson promoted to vice president. 31
  • Stock split two for one announced. 31
  • Quarterly dividend raised 20 percent. 31

September-October 1996 The New Face of Ireland

  • HP addresses the small business market; Vectra computers accessible and affordable for small businesses. 4-7
  • HP employee finds kidney tumor with the HP SONOS 2500 echocardiography imaging machine. 8-9
  • HP outsources to DHL; outsourcing is seen not as a threat but as a “strategic weapon.” (offshoring) 10-12
  • HP teams with Disney Interactive to create world’s largest computer-generated puzzle. 13
  • HP’s Leixlip, Ireland, InkJet Manufacturing Organization (DIMO) keeps HP Way alive; Irish government tried for 18 years to land the HP plant. 14-18
  • Arlene Blum, mountain climber, interviewed about workshops on leadership. 20-21
  • Dr. Cyberspace explains HP’s Internet costs. 22-23
  • Employee in Andover, Mass., gets involved with program to protect children. 24-25
  • Lew Platt discusses 1997 “Hoshin” goals and business fundamentals. 26-27
  • HP employees volunteer at Atlanta Olympics; two children of employees medal. 28
  • St. Louis sales office celebrated HP Way week in memory of Packard. 29
  • HP sponsors kids Shakespeare camp in Cupertino. 30
  • New Asian-Indian Employees Network formed. (diversity) 31
  • HP acquires graphic technology from Division Group plc, Bristol, England. 31
  • Acquisition DP-TEK Development Company LLC in Wichita, Kansas, includes digital print resolution enhancement technologies and patents as part of Business LaserJet Division, Boise, Idaho. 31
  • Disk Memory Division ceases operation, closes plants in Penang, Malaysia, and Boise, Idaho; HP stops manufacturing disk-drive mechanisms. 31

November-December 1996 Fasten Your Seatbelts: Internet Ahead

  • HP’s efforts in Internet technology and standards are discussed. 4-10
  • HP Argentina (established 1967) improves since government changes privatize industries and open borders. 11-13
  • Lee Ting named new managing director of Geographic Operations. 14-16
  • Photo essay of Connecticut Children’s Medical Center and HP equipment. 18-21
  • HP Turkey employee, Aysel Ozal, is first HP country general manager. 22-23
  • Dr. Cyberspace discusses e-mail issues. 24-25
  • Lew Platt discusses new profit-sharing formula. 26-27
  • HP equipment appears in movie “The Associate” with Whoopi Goldberg. 28
  • Hewlett visits Europe. 29
  • HP booth attracts attendees of CeBit Home 1996 trade show in Boblingen, Germany. 29
  • Junior Achievement HP Global Business Challenge won by Russian team. 30
  • Mechanical Design Division becomes subsidiary. 30
  • Third-quarter earnings down 26 percent; revenue up 18. 30
  • HP named one of the 100 best-managed companies in the world according to Industry Week magazine. 31

1996 – Packard Speeches

Box 5, Folder 47 – General Speeches


January, 1996, Reading ‘The Wonderful ‘One Hoss Shay’


1/96, Copy of typewritten text of Oliver Wendell Holmes’ poem, ‘The Deacon’s Masterpiece’, or ‘The Wonderful One Hoss Shay’


Packard attended the 1996 HP General Managers meeting and, concluded a discussion of quality control  by  reading this poem to the managers.



Box 5, Folder 48 – General Speeches


January 18, 1996, HP Board Retirement for Bill Haynes and Shirley Hufstedler, no location stated


1/18/96, Copy of the typed text of his speech


“I was fortunate to be asked to join the board of Chevron in 1972. Otto Miller was the chairman, and upon his retirement in 1974, Bill Haynes was designated to follow him.


“For the next nine years or so, I had the opportunity to visit many of the Chevron activities around the world. I learned that Chevron had contributed to the welfare of those foreign cities and countries where they were involved. I also learned that Chevron was far more complicated than I thought before I joined their board! They had to be closely involved with many countries where they drilled and produced their oil. I also learned that there was a radical change developing and their foreign activity was going to be much more complicated in the future.


“The Hewlett-Packard Company was not very large at the time I joined the Chevron board. We had just introduced our hand-held calculators in 1972 and HP sales that year were $483 million with profits of $38 million. We thought that our business would grow very rapidly in the next few years and that our foreign business would become a much larger part of the total.


“It was very interesting to learn about the world-wide involvement of Chevron and Bill Haynes had a broad role in the major activities of the company. I didn’t think that HP was large enough at that time to ask Bill to join our board after he became chairman of Chevron. I also realized that he would be very busy during his first few years as chairman at Chevron.


“HP grew very rapidly during the next few years and in 1981 our sales were $3.528 billion and we asked Bill to join our board. He was elected at our shareholder’s meeting, February 24, 1981.


“Bill Haynes made a great contribution to our company during his term on the board of HP. His world-wide involvement in Chevron helped us in the expansion of our world-wide involvement.


“In 1990 we had some problems at HP. Bill took the lead on a board committee to help us get these problems solved. They did so, and HP has continued its expansion through this last year. Our sales in 1995 grew to $31.519 billion with a profit of $2.433 billion, and we expect our growth to continue at about the same rate in the future.


“Bill, we thank you for the excellent advice and counsel you have given us. We will miss you and we hope that we will see you often in the future.


“Bill and Rita, we all wish you many, many happy years ahead.


David Packard

Chairman Emeritus

Hewlett-Packard Company



Box 5, Folder 49 – General speeches


February 24, 1996 Monterey Bay Aquarium, New Wing Opening


“Ladies and Gentlemen:


“I am very pleased that you could join us at this historic event – the opening of the New Wing of the Monterey Bay Aquarium.


“The first wing of the Aquarium was opened just twelve years ago. My family had never been involved in an aquarium before, but I was optimistic and thought it would be successful because we had excellent people helping us in every aspect of the design and construction.


“Our plan was based on the concept that the Aquarium should be designed to depict the habitats of the Monterey Bay. We also thought it should be educational as well as enjoyable and we hoped that the people who live in this area would come to think of it as ‘their’ Aquarium.


“Many of you here tonight have given us outstanding support in building this New Wing. I hope all of you will think of this as ‘your’ Aquarium. We want you all to enjoy it and we want you to feel free to give us your advice and counsel on things that will improve your Aquarium,


“There are, of course, some aspects we could have done better, but there were not very many. I think it is fair to say that many people think the Monterey Bay Aquarium is one of the best in the world. We want to keep it that way.


“We do have one of the best sites for an Aquarium. We have access to raw seawater from the Bay, and many of the exhibits could not have been done as well, in fact some could not have been done at all without that resource.


“There were two aspects of the Monterey Bay that were not included in the original plan. One was the outer boundary of the Bay where the habitats result from the interaction of the waters of the outer bay, and the waters of the Great Pacific Ocean which extends beyond the horizon to the west. That is the focus of the new Outer Bay exhibits you see here tonight.


“The Outer Bay and Open Sea are vast habitats which are home to large numbers of fast-swimming open sea fish such as tunas. We recognized early on that depicting these animals and habitats was going to be a challenging undertaking. We also realized that it would take a large building, large tanks and very advanced water systems. We decided that in order to do it right we needed to ask for some support from our friends and colleagues in the community, and established a goal to raise $20 million to complete these exhibits. The Aquarium had never before undertaken a major capital fund drive, and we were uncertain whether we would be successful. I am extremely pleased to say that, thanks to all of you here tonight, we were successful in meeting our goal. I am peronally very grateful to you – the response has been overwhelming to me and I really appreciate your support.


“The other habitat which was not adequately included in the first wing was the deep waters in the vast canyons of the Bay. Until now, technology was not available to fully explore these areas. This has been the focus of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (or MBARI).


“With the opening of this New Wing this year, we have a new deep water research system. This includes a new ocean research ship. The Western Flyer, and a new unmanned remote operating vehicle (ROV) which will go down to 12,000 feet below the surface of the Bay. This will go down to the deep waters of the canyons for exploration and research for the next few years.


“From the work of the highly skilled people at the Aquarium and MBARI and at other ocean research organizations around the Bay, we will add new exhibits, and real time views of the vast marine life which lives in these deep waters.


“The Western Flyer can go from here to Hawaii without refueling, and that is the longest span in a trip around the world.


“We hope to have some trips in the Bay from Moss Landing scheduled in the future and we will endeavor to have an opportunity for each of you to enjoy a ride out into the ocean on this fabulous ship.


“As you can see, the people involved in the Aquarium and MBARI have their focus on the future. We will be continuing to work on bringing new information to the public about the oceans and their importance. The new Outer Bay Wing is a major step toward this goal, and I offer my thanks to each one of you for your support of our capital campaign which made this new wing of the Aquarium possible. I hope you are as proud of our accomplishemnt as I am, and I hope you enjoy this evening of celebration.”



Box 5, Folder 50 – General Speeches


March 7, 1996, Remarks at Sigma Xi Forum on Science, Technology, and The Global society, San Diego, CA


3/7/96, Copy of typed transcript from tape made of Packard’s remarks at this Forum


“Ladies and Gentlemen,


“I am pleased to be part of this Sigma Xi forum and find that what I’ve heard thus far has been very stimulating. There are several things I want to talk about. The first thing I want to show you is a copy of Charles Dickens’ classic story A Christmas Carol, which was taken entirely off the Internet and reproduced with ink jet printers. Look at the quality of the color on that. These books are made one at a time, and the cost is about fourteen dollars a book, mostly in the binding. So in the future, if you don’t happen to have a library, you can still get whatever you want. We’re working with the Library of Congress to make more books available on the Internet. This is something we hope will make a contribution to the future.


“The next thing I want to talk about is high-intensity, light-emitting diodes. We have been producing these for some time. It turns out that if the tail lights, brake lights and turn signals on an automobile – if the incandescent lights are replaced with light emitting-diodes  – it will give you one extra mile per gallon of gasoline. It will save that much energy. We just announced a very large program devoted to this, and the plant that we’re building down here is part of it. This is going to be a very important activity.


“The next thing I want to talk about has to do with a basic change in our concept of science.

All the technology we put into place right after World War II was based on a theory that the atom was the smallest particle in the world. It had neutrons and protons. From that you start the periodic table, and you design an atom bomb, and it met all the requirements of that time. Shortly after World War II, we and our allies undertook a massive program in high-energy physics. We did that because we thought we might find something that would give us a decisive advantage over our adversaries. That did not happen.


“What did happen is that we discovered the atom is not the smallest particle in the world. It consists of ten smaller particles, with various forces – I don’t completely understand them myself. But the fundamental difference is this: With the science we had at the end of World War II, you could reproduce things that occurred in nature. You could make artificial diamonds, for example. With the science we now have, we can make things that do not occur in nature. We can make articles that are harder than diamonds. We’ve already done that. And the range of things that have come out of this is just astounding. I think that’s going to be a tremendously importat contribution in the years ahead.


“Now, the other thing I want to talk about is the basic level of research and development that’s being conducted in this country. Our company, on a worldwide basis, does about three billion dollars worth of research per year, and with the growth we’re generating, we’re adding two billion dollars a year of new research and development. The reason we’re not adding more than that is because we simply cannot find enough people to do that much fundamental research every year.


“We would spend three billion if we could, but there are just not enough people available. We simply cannot hire good people rapidly enough. I don’t know what that suggests in terms of our worldwide situation, but I think it really says that basically there is a lot more support for research and development from the industrial world than some of the members [of Sigma Xi] have talked about. But too many companies today are entirely focused on the next quarter. What counts is the long run, but they’ve completely distorted the emphasis on what you do, and if that could be corrected, it would be a tremendous improvement. We can’t operate this world on a quarter-to-quarter basis.


“That concludes what I wanted to talk about today, and thank you Mr. Chairman for allowing me to be here to make this presentation.


5/6/96, Copy of letter to Gretchen Dennis, Packard’s secretary, from J. Renee Keever, Director of Development, Sigma Xi Society enclosing a dopy of the transcript made of Packard’s remarks.”


David Packard passed away March 26, 1996