1993 – Video and CD Index

[1993]            Silicon Run II The Sequel

The Companion Tape to Silicon Run I. A Ruth Carranza Production in collaboration with the Center for Integrated Systems, Stanford University. From fabricated wafers, through testing, packaging and assembly, live industrial footage and animation show how integrated circuits are used in today’s computers.

VHS   35 mins


1993   HP Video Magazine Fourth Edition 1993

Includes: Packard Retires, Rhine Basin Program, Omnibook, Around the-Circuit and White Fang.

S-1954   VHS   15 mins   CC   Internal Only

10/93  The Santa Clara Valley Historical Association’s interview with Bill Hewlett & Dave Packard.

Interview with Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard (late Oct. 93) for the Making of Silicon Valley video and book.

VHS   approx 40 mins


11/18/93        Dave Packard Retirement Dinner

S-2117   VHS   39 mins   Internal Only

1993 – HP Journal Index

February 1993 v.44 n.1

Cover: A diffraction grating, a piece of glass with 1200 grooves per millimeter etched into its surface.

Photonic Technology for Lightwave Communications Test Applications. State-of-the-art fiber-optic, integrated-optic, bulk-optic, and optoelectronic devices and subsystems provide a technology base for high-speed, high-performance lightwave communications test instrumentation, by Waguih S. Ishak, Kent W. Carey, William R. Trutna, Jr., Steven A. Newton, pg 6-10

Tunable Laser Sources for Optical Amplifier Testing. Two models of laser sources tune over wavelength ranges of 50 and 65 nanometers using grating-tuned external-cavity lasers with precisely controlled wavelength and power level. They are designed for testing wideband components such as erbium-doped fiber amplifiers, by Bernd Maisenbacher, Edgar Leckel, Michael Pott, Robert Jahn, pg 11-19. 8167A, 8168A.

Correction: Two missing lines from page 103 in the December 1992 issue, pg 19

External-Cavity Laser Design and Wavelength Calibration. Sophisticated tuning and calibration methods coordinate the effects of a diffraction grating wavelength selector and a Fabry-Perot etalon side-mode suppression filter to ensure accurate wavelength selection and single-mode operation in the HP 8167A and 8168A tunable laser sources, by Emmerich Muller, Clemens Ruck, Rolf Steiner, Wolfgang Reichert, pg 20-27

External-Cavity Laser Temperature Stabilization and Power Control. The theory and operation of the laser temperature control and measurement circuits and the output power control and calibration of the HP 8167A/68A tunable laser sources are presented, by Edgar Leckel, Horst Schweikardt, pg 28-31

Dual-Output Laser Module for a Tunable Laser Source. This reliable, hermetically sealed laser module is a key component in the HP 8167A and HP 8168A tunable laser sources. The semiconductor laser chip is precisely and stably aligned to two output lenses. One facet of the laser chip is antireflection-coated and has very low residual reflectivity, by Kari K. Salomaa, David M. Braun, Roger L. Jungerman, pg 32-34

Research on External-Cavity Lasers. The external-cavity laser is more complicated than it seems, showing both bistability and multimoding behavior. Thorough detective work was needed to understand this behavior and develop the light source for the HP 8167A and HP 8168A tunable laser sources, by Paul Zorabedian, William R. Trutna, Jr., pg 35-38

Design of a Precision Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometer. The HP 8504A precision reflectometer uses the classic Michelson interferometric measurement technique to allow designers and manufacturers to measure reflections easily in optical components and assemblies. Spatial resolution is on the order of tens of micrometers, by Rollin F. Rawson, Harry Chou, Michael G. Hart, D. Howard Booster, Steven J. Mifsud, pg 39-48

Averaging Measurements to Improve Sensitivity, pg 44-45

Fabrication of Diffused Diodes for HP Lightwave Applications. The simple but robust p-i-n dual detector used in the receiver of the HP 8504A precision reflectometer has -17 dB return loss (2% reflection) operating at both 1300 nm and 1550 nm, by Patricia A. Beck, pg 49-51

High-Resolution and High-Sensitivity Optical Reflection Measurements Using White-Light Interferometry. In the HP 8504A precision reflectometer white-light interferometry is used as a nondestructive measurement technique for probing closely spaced reflections in optical devices, by Wayne V. Sorin, Harry Chou, pg 52-59

A Modular All-Haul Optical Time-Domain Reflectometer for Characterizing Fiber Links. The HP 8146A optical time-domain reflectometer provides good dynamic range and dead-zone performance and user interface features such as comprehensive documentation capabilities and automatic link characterization, by Wilfried Pless, Josef Beller, pg 60-62

A High-Performance Signal Processing System for the HP 8146A Optical Time-Domain Reflectometer. Three custom integrated circuits and a powerful 24-bit digital signal processor offload data processing from the instrument’s host processor, by Josef Beller, pg 63-68

Improving SNR by Averaging, pg 65

Design Considerations for the HP 8146A OTDR Receiver. Low noise, high bandwidth, and good linearity are characteristics that guided the OTDR receiver circuit design, by Frank Maier, pg 69-71

User Interface Design for the HP 8146A OTDR. Based on a multiprocessing operating system, the HP 8146A OTDR software can handle simultaneous executive of instrument operations, hide the complexity of instrument operations from the user, and provide a range of user-friendly features, by Harald Seeger, Robert Jahn, pg 72-78

Analyzing OTDR Traces on a PC with a Windows User Interface, by Wilfried Pless, pg 77

High-Performance Optical Return Loss Measurement. Although high-performance optical return loss measurements pose some tough technical challenges for fiber optic engineers, careful selection of appropriate test equipment and correct setup make precise measurements readily achievable. A new return loss module for the HP 8153A lightwave multimeter simplifies these measurements, by Siegmar Schmidt, pg 79-82

High-Speed Time-Domain Lightwave Detectors. The HP 83440 Series unamplified p-i-n lightwave detectors are designed for the best possible pulse performance. They are dc coupled and have bandwidths of 6, 20, and 32 GHz. They mate directly with high-speed sampling oscilloscopes, by Stephen W. Hinch, David M. Braun, Karl Shubert, Randall King, pg 83-86

InP/InGaAs/InP P-I-N Photodetectors for High-Speed Lightwave Detectors, by Susan Sloan, pg 85

Calibration of Lightwave Detectors to 50 GHz. Because they operate at much higher frequencies than previous products, new methods had to be found to test and calibrate the HP 83440 Series lightwave detectors. Three systems were developed. Their results agree closely, by Kok Wai Chang, Christopher J. Madden, David J. McQuate, pg 87-92

Authors February 1993: Waguih S. Ishak, Kent W. Carey, Steven [Steve] A. Newton, Bernd Maisenbacher, Robert Jahn, Michael Pott, Emmerich Muller, Wolfgang Reichert, Clemens Ruck, Rolf Steiner, Horst Schweikardt, Edgar Leckel, Roger L. Jungerman, Kari K. Salomaa, William [Rick] R. Trutna, Jr., Paul Zorabedian, D. Howard Booster, Michael [Mike] G. Hart, Steven [Steve] J. Mifsud, Rollin [Fred] F. Rawson, Patricia [Patti] A. Beck, Harry Chou, Wayne V. Sorin, Josef Beller, Wilfried Pless, Frank A. Maier, Harald Seeger, Siegmar Schmidt, Randall [Randy] King, David M. Braun, Stephen [Steve] W. Hinch, Karl Shubert, David J. McQuate, Kok [Bill] Wai Chang, Christopher [Chris] J. Madden, pg 92-96

April 1993 v.44 n.2

Cover: The advanced microwave synthesized signal generators, sweep oscillators, and pulse generator featured in this issue depend on state-of-the art hybrid microcircuit technology for performance, reliability, and economy. On the cover, some of the microcircuits developed for these products pose for a group photograph.

A New Family of Microwave Signal Generators for the 1990s. This family of generators includes both stand-alone and modular versions. A new architecture and state-of-the-art technologies result in advanced performance, by William W. Heinz, Ronald E. Pratt, Peter H. Fisher, pg 6-11. 8370, 70340 Series.

Broadband Fundamental Frequency Synthesis from 2 to 20 GHz. A broadband fundamental YIG-tuned oscillator is locked to a stable reference and controlled by four phase-locked loops to produce the low-phase-noise output signal of the HP 8370 and 70340 signal generators, by Edward G. Cristal, Thomas L. Grisell, Brian R. Short, pg 12-16

A New High-Performance 0.01-to-20-GHz Synthesized Signal Generator Microwave Chain. Driven by a broadband YIG oscillator, the microwave chain only divides the oscillator output instead of multiplying and heterodyning like previous designs. The benefits include no subharmonics and higher-performance pulse and amplitude modulation. The major functions of the microwave chain are integrated on two microcircuits, by William D. Baumgartner, John S. Brenneman, John L. Imperato, Douglas A. Larson, Ricardo de Mello Peregrino, Gregory A. Taylor, pg 17-29. 8370, 70340 Series.

Internal Pulse Generator, by Douglas A. Larson, pg 27-28

Concurrent Signal Generator Engineering and Manufacturing. Production tests were developed early enough to be used for design characterization. Several new production processes were developed. The project had a design-for-assembly philosophy, an integrated assembly and pretest strategy, online video-image production procedures, and a networked computing test environment, by Kevin G. Smith, Camala S. Kolseth, Christopher J. Bostak, pg 30-37. 8370, 70340 Series.

A Design for Manufacturability, Design for Testability Checklist, pg 33

A New Generation of Microwave Sweepers. The HP 83750 family of microwave sweepers achieves a new level of swept frequency accuracy by being full synthesized in all sweep modes, including fast analog sweeps. It also uses fundamental oscillators for improved signal purity, by Jason A. Chodora, Alan R. Bloom, James R. Zellers, pg 38-45

Third-Order Curve-Fit Algorithm, by Alan Bloom, pg 41

A Digitally Corrected Fractional-N synthesizer, by Jason Chodora, pg 44

Microcircuits for the HP 83750 Series Sweepers. Four custom microcircuits provide the basic output signal, the RF band, signal switching and distribution, amplification, ALC and pulse modulation, power amplification, and two stages of YIG filtering, by Rick R. James, Eric V.V. Heyman, Roger R. Graeber, pg 46-51

A Programmable 3-GHz Pulse Generator. This new one-or-two channel pulse generator provides precise edge placement, extensive functionality, and an interactive user interface. It is designed to help characterize and debug CMOS, ECL, and GaAs devices and signal integrity problems, by Hans-Jurgen Wagner, pg 52-55. 8133A.

Pulse/Data Channel Extends Programmable Pulse Generator Applications. This optional second channel for the HP 8133A pulse generator has a dividable square wave mode, a 32-bit data burst mode, and a pseudo-random binary sequence (PRBS) mode. Its major components are a data gate array, a multiplexer, a phase-locked loop, and an output section. Most circuits are ECL, by Christoph Kalkuhl, pg 56-59

Design of a 3-GHz Pulse Generator. Period, delay, and width generation for the HP 8133A pulse generator depend on several thick-film and thin-film hybrid circuits and custom GaAs and bipolar ICs. The high frequencies and fast transitions made radiated interference suppression challenging, by Peter Schinzel, Allan R. Armstrong, Thomas Fischer, Thomas Dippon , Andreas Pfaff, pg 60-72

Cooling of the Frequency Divider IC, by Thomas Fischer, pg 61

A Multirate Bank of Digital Bandpass Filters for Acoustic Applications. Real-time frequency analyzers have been used for over twenty years for acoustic noise measurements. Recent advances in digital signal processing technology have improved the performance and usefulness of these analyzers. The HP 3569A portable real-time frequency analyzer, for example, makes complex acoustical measurements easier and more affordable than ever before, by James W. Waite, pg 73-81

Continuous Monitoring of Remote Networks: The RMON MIB. An introduction to the capabilities of the Remote Monitoring Management Information Base of the Simple Network Management Protocol and its implementation in the HP LanProbe II network monitor, by Matthew J. Burdick, pg 82-89

The HP 64700 Embedded Debug Environment: A New Paradigm for Embedded System Integration and Debugging. The HP 64700 embedded debug environment gives embedded system developers complete access to state-of-the-art real-time measurements and controls in addition to C and C++ static debugging capabilities on HP and Sun workstations, by Robert D. Gronlund, Richard A. Nygaard, Jr., John T. Rasper, pg 90-106

The Value of Usability, by John D’Alessandro, pg 91

The Debug Environment Connection to HP SoftBench, by David L. Neuder, pg 93

A Real-Time Operating System Measurement Tool, by Mike Dotseth, pg 97-98

A New Perspective on Emulation Hardware Modularity, by Thomas C. Ferguson, pg 102

Software Performance Analysis of Real-Time Embedded Systems. The HP B1487 software performance analyzer is a plug-in card for the HP 64700 emulator system. It makes activity and interval measurements on instrumented code for embedded microprocessor systems. The design is able to deal with difficult analysis situations involving caches and prefetches, by Arnold S. Berger, David L. Neuder, Andrew J. Blasciak, pg 107-115

Authors April 1993: William [Bill] W. Heinz, Ronald [Ron] E. Pratt, Peter H. Fisher, Brian R. Short, Thomas [Tom] L. Grisell, Edward [Bud] G. Cristal, William [Bill] D. Baumgartner, John S. Brenneman, John L. Imperato, Douglas A. Larson, Ricardo [Ric] de Mello Peregrino, Gregory [Greg] A. Taylor, Christopher [Chris] J. Bostak, Camala [Cam] S. Kolseth, Kevin G. Smith, Alan R. Bloom, Jason A. Chodora, James [Jim] R. Zellers, Eric V. V. Heyman, Rick R. James, Roger R. Graeber, Hans-Jurgen Wagner, Christoph Kalkuhl, Peter Schinzel, Andreas Pfaff, Thomas Dippon, Thomas Fischer, Allan R. Armstrong, James [Jim] W. Waite, Mathew [Matt] J. Burdick, Robert [Bob] D. Gronlund, Richard [Rick] A. Nygaard, Jr., John T. Rasper, Andrew [Andy] J. Blasciak, David [Dave] L. Neuder, Arnold [Arnie] S. Berger, pg 116-120

June 1993 v.44 n.3

Cover: The HP ORCA analytical robot in action

ORCA: Optimized Robot for Chemical Analysis. This analytical PC peripheral is a congenial assistant, a sophisticated robotic teaching environment, and an interesting study of robotic architecture. Although optimized for the analytical laboratory, it also has applications in electronic test, quality assurance, and the clinical laboratory, where heavy commercial assembly robots are unsuitable, by Arthur Schleifer, Gary B. Gordon, Joseph C. Roark, pg 6-19

The HP ORCA System Outside the Analytical Laboratory, by Nancy Adams, pg 9

Gravity-Sensing Joy Stick, pg 12

Absolute Digital Encoder, pg 14

HP OpenODB: An Object-Oriented Database Management System for Commercial Applications. The functionality of object-oriented technology and basic relational database features such as access control, recovery, and a query language are provided in HP OpenODB, by Tu-Ting Cheng, Rafiul Ahad, pg 20-30

The HP Ultra VGA Graphics Board. By increasing the display memory to 1M byte and providing some local graphics processing, the HP Ultra VGA board is able to increase VGA resolution to 1024 by 768 pixel with 256 colors at all resolutions, by Myron R. Tuttle, Kenneth M. Wilson, Samuel H. Chau, Yong Deng, pg 31-40. D2325A.

POSIX Interface for MPE/iX. Differences in directory structure, file naming conventions, and security were among the areas in which mechanisms had to be developed to enable the POSIX and MPE XL interfaces to coexist on one operating system, by Rajesh Lalwani, pg 41-46. Portable Operating System Interface.

A Process for Preventing Software Hazards. Preventing software hazards in safety-critical medical instrumentation requires a process that identifies potential hazards early and tracks them throughout the entire development process, by Brian Connolly, pg 47-52

Configuration Management for Software Tests. To support software test reuse and to make it easier to ensure that the correct software versions are used to test printer products, a software test management system has been put in place, by Leonard T. Schroath, pg 53-59. TLMS, Test Library Management System.

Implementing and Sustaining a Software Inspection Program in an R&D Environment. Although software inspections have become a common practice in the software development process, introducing the inspection process and sustaining and measuring its success are still challenges, by Jean M. MacLeod, pg 60-63

The Use of Total Quality Control Techniques to Improve the Software Localization Process. By implementing a few inexpensive process improvement steps, the time involved in doing translations for text used in HP’s medical products has been significantly reduced, by John W. Goodnow, William A. Koppes, Cindie A. Hammond, John J. Krieger, D. Kris Rovell-Rixx, Sandra J. Warner, pg 64-70. TQC.

Tools for the Language Translation Process, by George Rom, pg 68-69

A Transaction Approach to Error Handling. The transaction-based recovery concept used in databases can be applied to commercial applications to help provide more reusable and maintainable programs, by Bruce A. Rafnel, pg 71-77

Error Definition, pg 72

Authors June 1993: Gary B. Gordon, Joseph [Joe] C. Roark, Arthur [Artie] Schleifer, Rafiul Ahad, Tu-Ting Cheng, Myron R. Tuttle, Kenneth [Ken] M. Wilson, Samuel [Sam] H. Chau, Yong Deng, Rajesh Lalwani, Brian Connolly, Leonard [Len] T. Schroath, Jean M. MacLeod, John W. Goodnow, Cindie A. Hammond, William [Bill] A. Koppes, John J. Krieger, Daniel Kris Rovell-Rixx, Sandra [Sandy] J. Warner, Bruce A. Rafnel, Mark H. Notess, pg 77-79

User Interface Management System for HP-UX System Administration Applications. Developing applications to simplify HP-UX system administration has been made easier by the creation of a tool that addresses the needs of the developer, by Mark H. Notess, pg 80-84

SAM versus Manual Administration, pg 81

August 1993 v.44 n.4

Cover: This photograph illustrates many of the features of the new HP AllnGaP light-emitting diodes.

High-Efficiency Aluminum Indium Gallium Phosphide Light Emitting Diodes. These devices span the color range from red-orange to green and have the highest luminous performance of any visible LED to date. They are produced by organometallic vapor phase epitaxy, by Virginia M. Robbins, Timothy D. Osentowski, Chihping Kuo, Jiann Gwo Yu, Robert M. Fletcher, pg 6-14. LEDs.

The Structure of LEDs: Homojunctions and Heterojunctions, pg 8-9

HP Task Broker: A Tool for Distributing Computational Tasks. Intelligent distribution of computation tasks, collective computing, load balancing, and heterogeneity are some of the features provided in the Task Broker tool to help make existing hardware more efficient and software developers more productive, by James J. Turne, John M. Lewis, Edward J. Sharpe, Renato G. Assini, Terrence P. Graf, Michael C. Ward, pg 15-22

HP Task Broker and Computational Clusters, pg 16

Task Broker and DCE Interoperability, pg 19

HP Task Broker Version 1.1, pg 21

The HP-RT Real-Time Operating System. An operating system that is compatible with the HP-UX operating system through compliance with the POSIX industry standards uses a multi-threaded kernel and other mechanisms to provide guaranteed real-time response to high-priority operations, by Kevin D. Morgan, pg 23-30

An Overview of Threads, pg 27

Managing PA-RISC Machines for Real-Time Systems. In the HP-RT operating system, the interrupt-handling architecture is especially constructed to manage the high-performance timing requirements of real-time systems, by George A. Anzinger, pg 31-37. HP-RT.

Context Switching in HP-RT, pg 32

Protecting Shared Data Structures, pg 33

The Shadow Register Environment, pg 34

C Environment, pg 35

The HP Tsutsuji Logic Synthesis System. A new logic synthesis system has reduced the time to design ASICs by a factor of ten, by Yoshisuke Otsuru, J. Barry Shackleford, W. Bruce Culbertson, Motoo Tanaka, Toshiki Osame, pg 38-51

Designing a Scanner with Color Vision. The challenge for personal computer imaging today is to duplicate human color vision, not only in scanners but also in monitors and printers so that colors look the same in all media. The HP ScanJet IIc scanner uses a proprietary color separator design to provide fast, single-scan, 400-dpi, 24-bit color image scanning, by Michael J. Steinle, K. Douglas Gennetten, pg 52-58

Authors August 1993: Robert [Bob] M. Fletcher, Chihping [C. P.] Kuo, Timothy [Tim] D. Osentowski, Jiann Gwo Yu, Virginia M. Robbins, Terrence [Terry] P. Graf, Renato [Ron] G. Assini, Edward [Ed] J. Sharpe, John M. Lewis, James J. Turner, Michael [Mike] C. Ward, Kevin D. Morgan, George A. Anzinger, W. Bruce Culbertson, Toshiki Osame, Yoshisuke Otsuru, J. Barry Shackleford, Motoo Tanaka, K. Douglas Gennetten, Michael [Mike] J. Steinle, Brad Clements, Franco A. Canestri, David [Dave] A. Keefer, Brian E. Hoffmann, Douglas [Doug] K. Howell, Timothy [Tim] C. O’Konski, Joseph [Joe] M. Luszcz, Daniel [Dan] G. Maier, pg 58-61

Mechanical Considerations for an Industrial Workstation. Besides being a compute and data processing engine, a workstation in an industrial and measurement environment must be mechanically designed to handle the special requirements of these environments, by Brad Clements, pg 62-67. HP 9000 Models 745i, 747i.

Online CO2 Laser Beam Real Time Control Algorithm for Orthopedic Surgical Applications. New data obtained from treating polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) with a nonmoving, CW, 10-watt, C02 laser beam is presented. Guidelines based on this data can be used during precision laser surgery in orthopedics to avoid unnecessary mechanical and thermal trauma to healthy bone tissue. A computerized algorithm incorporating these guidelines can be implemented on an HP 9000 workstation connected to a central database for multiple-operating-room data collection, online consultation and analysis, by Franco A. Canestri, pg 68-72

Online Defect Management via a Client/Server Relational Database Management System. The ability to provide timely access to large volumes of data, ensure data and process integrity, and share defect data among related projects are the main features provided in this new defect management system, by David A. Keefer, Douglas K. Howell, Brian E. Hoffmann, pg 73-84. DMS.

Client/Server Database Architecture, pg 78-79

Realizing Productivity Gains with C++. Although C++ contains many features for supporting highly productive software development, some characteristics of this object-oriented programming language tend to slow the realization of these productivity gains, by Timothy C. O’Konski, pg 85-89

Glossary, pg 86

Bridging the Gap between Structured Analysis and Structured Design for Real Time Systems. A real-time software design technique has been applied to the design of the software architecture for ultrasound imaging products, by Joseph M. Luszcz, Daniel G. Maier, pg 90-99. SA, SD, ADARTS.

Structured Analysis and Structured Design Refresher, pg 92-93

October 1993 v.44 n.5

Cover: The acquisition hybrid microcircuit of the HP 54720D and HP 54710D oscilloscopes

An 8-Gigasample-per-Second Modular Digitizing Oscilloscope System. For the first time, a digitizing sampling oscilloscope achieves single-shot bandwidths exceeding even the fastest laboratory analog oscilloscopes. The HP 54720/10 oscilloscope combines a 2-GSa/s digitizer, plug-in modularity, and software flexibility to provide the application-specific and general-purpose capabilities needed by designers of high-speed digital devices and systems, by John A. Scharrer, pg 6-10

An 8-Gigasample-per-Second, 8-Bit Data Acquisition System for a Sampling Digital Oscilloscope. Within the HP 54720/10 acquisition system are sixteen separate sampling and digitizing paths that can be allocated by the user to capture 16K samples at 8 GSa/s or 256K samples at 500 MSa/s or any of various other combinations of sample rate and memory depth. The sample-and-filter sampling technique is an alternative to the conventional sample-and-hold and track-and-hold techniques, by Patrick J. Byrne, Michael T. McTigue, pg 11-23

A Digitizing Oscilloscope Time Base and Trigger System Optimized for Throughput and Low Jitter. Careful attention to low-noise coupling results in robust performance far exceeding what is normally considered possible with off-the-shelf ECL. A new interpolator design increases resolution by a factor of ten, reduces conversion time by a factor of five, and reduces jitter by a factor of more than three compared with previous designs, by Reginald Kellum, Donald A. Whiteman, David D. Eskeldson, pg 24-30. 54720/10.

A Rugged 2.5-GHz Active Oscilloscope Probe. Superior electrical performance is maintained by suspending a fragile electrical structure inside a rugged package and isolating the fragile parts from external abuse. The design required numerous trade-offs between performance, durability, aesthetics, and cost, with performance and ruggedness the primary goals, by Thomas F. Uhling, John R. Sterner, pg 31-37. 54701A.

Accuracy in Interleaved ADC Systems. The overall performance of the HP 54720 oscilloscope is the result of the synergistic effects of calibration, signal preconditioning, and data postprocessing, by Allen Montijo, Kenneth Rush, pg 38-46

Dither and Bits, by Kenneth Rush, pg 42-43

Filter Design for Interpolation, by Allen Montijo, pg 45

A Study of Pulse Parameter Accuracy in Real Time Digitizing Oscilloscope Measurements. Using the well-characterized 50-GHz HP 54124T oscilloscope as a standard, HP 54720A oscilloscope errors were measured for single-shot step rise time, pulse width, and pulse height measurements. The results suggest that the errors have systematic or bias components that may be characterizable and correctable, by Kenneth Rush, pg 47-50

Architectural Design for a Modular Oscilloscope System. Optimum allocation of tasks to various software and hardware subsystems, a separate display processor, multiple lookthrough tables, flicker reduction techniques, and other design features support the performance of the HP 54720/10 oscilloscope and establish it as a platform for the future, by Christopher J. Magnuson, Dana L. Johnson, pg 51-58

A Survey of Processes Used in the Development of Firmware for a Multiprocessor Embedded System. In using structured design methods to develop a large multiprocessor embedded system, the HP 54720/10 oscilloscope design team learned that these methodologies can be very helpful if applied appropriately and supplemented with a few other processes and tools, by Christopher P. Duff, David W. Long, pg 59-65

Developing Extensible Firmware, by Rodney T. Schlater, pg 64-65

Mechanical Design of a New Oscilloscope Mainframe for Optimum Performance. A completely new mainframe design for the HP 54720/10 oscilloscopes includes a unibody chassis and four plug-in slots that provide superior EMI performance and anticipate future enhancements, by Wayne F. Helgoth, John W. Campbell, Kenneth W. Johnson, William H. Escovitz, pg 66-72

A Probe Fixture for Wafer Testing High-Performance Data Acquisition Integrated Circuits. This new probe fixture offers both a wide bandwidth and a high probe count, along with flexible interfacing and low maintenance. The fixture is used to perform at-speed wafer testing of the data acquisition circuits for the HP 54720/10 oscilloscope, by Daniel T. Hamling, pg 73-75

A High-Performance 1.8-GHz Vector Network and Spectrum Analyzer. Network and spectrum analyzers are frequently used together for RF component and circuit evaluation. The HP 4396A vector network and spectrum analyzer exploits this natural union by combining the two measurement modes into one instrument, by Akira Nukiyama, Shigeru Kawabata, pg 76-84

Receiver Design for a Combined RF Network and Spectrum Analyzer. A low noise floor, reduction of distortion and local oscillator feedthrough, and removal of image frequencies and higher-order harmonic products were the main design objectives for the HP 4396A receiver, by Yoshiyuki Yanagimoto, pg 85-94

DSP Techniques for Digital IF, by Akira Nukiyama, pg 90-91

A Fast-Switching, High-Isolation Multiplexer. A three-channel multiplexer with 140-dB isolation between channels, fast switching transient settling time, steady low return loss, and low noise and distortion provide the front end to the single receiver of the HP 4396A network and spectrum analyzer, by Yoshiyuki Yanagimoto, pg 95-99

A 10-Megasample-per-Second Analog-to-Digital Converter with Filter and Memory. In addition to analog-to-digital conversion, the HP E1430A addresses the problems of gain ranging, anti-aliasing protection, frequency band selection, triggering, data buffering and multichannel synchronization, by Howard E. Hilton, pg 100-104

A 10-MHz Analog-to-Digital Converter with 1100-dB Linearity. A classification outline is presented for the errors found in an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). A comparative analysis is done of errors caused by random noise, nonlinearities, and finite amplitude resolution (quantizing errors). An ADC implementation is presented that substantially reduces the nonlinearity errors and virtually eliminates the quantizing errors, by Howard E. Hilton, pg 105-112

Authors October 1993: John A. Scharrer, Michael [Mike] T. McTigue, Patrick J. Byrne, David D. Eskeldson, Reginald [Reggie] Kellum, Donald [Don] A. Whiteman, Thomas [Tom] F. Uhling, John R. Sterner, Allen Montijo, Kenneth [Ken] Rush, Dana L. Johnson, Christopher [Chris] J. Magnuson, David W. Long, Christopher [Chris] P. Duff, John W. Campbell, Kenneth [Kenny] W. Johnson, Wayne F. Helgoth, William [Bill] H. Escovitz, Daniel [Dan] T. Hamling, Shigeru Kawabata, Akira [Nuki] Nukiyama, Yoshiyuki [Yoshi] Yanagimoto, Howard E. Hilton, pg 113-115

December 1993 v.44 n.6

Cover: This spectrogram display represents more than 300 spectrum measurements covering the first 20 milliseconds of the turn-on-transient of a marine-band handheld transmitter

Vector Signal Analyzers for Difficult Measurements on Time-Varying and Complex Modulated Signals. Called vector analyzers for their ability to quadrature detect an input signal and measure its magnitude and phase, these new analyzers offer conventional spectrum analysis capabilities along with a full set of measurement based on digital signal processing. The three-processor architecture includes a frequency selective front end and a digital IF section, by Kenneth J. Blue, Robert T. Cutler, Dennis P. O’Brien Douglas R. Wagner, Benjamin R. Zarlingo, pg 6-16

The Resampling Process, by Robert T. Cutler, pg 10

Applications for Demodulation, by Timothy L. Hillstrom, pg 12-13

A Firmware Architecture for Multiple High-Performance Measurements. The HP 894xxA vector signal analyzers perform fast, sophisticated measurements on complex waveforms. The firmware architecture provides access to multiple processors to meet the high-performance requirements while allowing individual measurements to share common features and protocol, by Dennis P. O’Brien, pg 17-30

Run-Time Configurable Hardware Drivers, by Glenn R. Engel, pg 20-21

Remote Debugging, by Glenn R. Engel, pg 29

Baseband Vector Signal Analyzer Hardware Design. The HP 89410A combines superior front-end linearity and high-speed data conversion with powerful digital signal processing to provide advanced measurement capabilities. Extensive calibration, flexible triggering and arbitrary source types provide the accuracy and versatility needed to make the sophisticated measurements required for complex signal analysis at RF information bandwidths, by David F. Kelley, Joseph R. Diederichs, Manfred Bartz, Keith A. Bayern, pg 31-46

ADC Bits, Distortion, and Dynamic Range, by Manfred Bartz, pg 38-39

What Is Dithering?, by Manfred Bartz, pg 44-45

RF Vector Signal Analyzer Hardware Design. Based on the HP 89410A baseband vector signal analyzer, the HP 89440A RF vector signal analyzer extends the frequency range of both receiver and source to 1.8 GHz with a 7-MHz information bandwidth. All of the vector capabilities of the 10-MHz baseband instrument (up to a 7-MHz information bandwidth) can be translated to any frequency from 0 to 1.8 GHz, by Timothy L. Hillstrom, James Pietsch, Roy L. Mason, William J. Ginder, Kevin L. Johnson, Robert T. Cutler, pg 47-59

Microwave Plate Assembly, by Roy L. Mason, pg 50

A Versatile Tracking and Arbitrary Source, by Don Hiller, pg 54-55

Vector Measurements beyond 1.8 GHz, by Joe Tarantino, pg 58

Optical Spectrum Analyzers with High Dynamic Range and Excellent Input Sensitivity. The diffraction-grating-based HP 71450A and 71451A optical spectrum analyzers provide the basic spectral measurement of optical power versus wavelength, and advanced functions for measuring and characterizing LEDs, DFB Lasers, and Fabry-Perot lasers, by David A. Bailey, James R. Stimple, pg 60-67

Optical Spectrum Analysis, pg 62

A Double-Pass Monochromator for Wavelength Selection in an Optical Spectrum Analyzer. The wavelength-selection scheme used in the HP 71450A and HP 71451A optical spectrum analyzers propagates the light from the device under test twice through the refraction and diffraction elements in the monochromator, by Kenneth R. Wildnauer, Zoltan Azary, pg 68-74

Diffraction Grating, pg 70

Polarization Sensitivity, pg 71

A High-Resolution Direct-Drive Diffraction Grating Rotation System. Creating a high-resolution, high-speed positioning system that can provide over two million data points per revolution of the diffraction grating required a design that is much different from the gear-reduction positioning systems typically used in optical spectrum analyzers, by Joseph N. West, J. Douglas Knight, pg 75-79. 71450A, 71451A.

A Two-Axis Micropositioner for Optical Fiber Alignment. A positioning system with submicron resolution is used to keep the output fiber accurately aligned with the light coming out of the monochromator during movement of the diffraction grating, by J. Douglas Knight, Joseph N. West, pg 80-84. 71450A, 71451A.

A Standard Data Format for Instrument Data Interchange. This standard format allows many HP analyzers to exchange data with each other and with applications software. Utilities provide data conversion, editing, viewing, and plotting and a function library provides access to SDF data from programs, by Michael L. Hall, pg 85-89. SDF.

North American Cellular CDMA. Code division multiple access (CDMA) is a class of modulation that uses specialized codes to provide multiple communication channels in a designated segment of the electromagnetic spectrum. This article describes the implementation of CDMA that has been standardized by the Telecommunications Industry Association for the North American cellular telephone system, by David P. Whipple, pg 90-97

Cellular Technologies, pg 92

DECT Measurements with a Microwave Spectrum Analyzer. An HP 8590 E-Series spectrum analyzer with DECT source, demodulator, and measurement personality can be used to provide a cost-effective solution to development, manufacturing, and pre-type-approval testing for compliance with the Digital European Cordless Telecommunications standard, by Mark A. Elo, pg 98-106

Index: Volume 44 January 1993 through December 1993. PART 1: Chronological Index, pg 107-109. PART 2: Subject Index, pg 109-113. PART 3: Product Index, pg 113. PART 4: Author Index, pg 114-115

Authors December 1993: Kenneth [Ken] J. Blue, Robert [Bob] T. Cutler, Douglas [Doug] R. Wagner, Benjamin [Ben] R. Zarlingo, Dennis P. O’Brien, Manfred Bartz, Keith A. Bayern, Joseph [Joe] R. Diederichs, David [Dave] F. Kelley, William [Bill] J. Ginder, Timothy [Tim] L. Hillstrom, Kevin L. Johnson, Roy L. Mason, James [Jim] K. Pietsch, David [Dave] A. Bailey, James [Jim] R. Stimple, Kenneth [Kenn] R. Wildnauer, Zoltan Azary, Joseph [Joe] N. West, J. Douglas [Doug] Knight, Michael [Mike]

1993 – MEASURE Magazine

January-February 1993 New Ways to Work

  • Measure magazine celebrates its 30th anniversary. 3
  • Interview with Bob Wayman, executive vice president, discusses personnel and finance. 4-7
  • Milton Moscowitz, business author, comments on HP and that it’s not the same company. 8-9
  • Innovative solution to work demands highlights new ways to work, including self-managed work teams, alternative schedules, telecommuting, job-sharing. 10-14
  • Customer Caterpillar Inc. uses HP 9000 and Test Development Environment to ensure quality. 13-17
  • HP Singapore’s Karen Seet is hospice volunteer. 18-20
  • New products include HP SONOS intravascular imaging; HP G100A protein sequencing, analytical; HP DeskJet 550C color and black white printer; HDMP-1000 gigabit-link silicon chip; HP LaserJet 4 printer; HP Vectra 486N PC desktop personal computer; HP 8133A 3-GHz pulse generator, measures integrated circuits and boards; HP Apollo 9000 series 700 workstations based on PA-7100; HP 75000 Model HD2000 data-acquisition system; HP 1642A data-acquisition card for modular HP16500 series logic-analysis system. 22-23
  • Employee’s personal experience with HP medical equipment. 24
  • Lew Platt’s “Hoshin” (Japanese terms for “breakthrough” is systematic planning process) goals for 1993. 25-26
  • Momoko Sekiya, YHP, marries photographer who worked with her on HP “One Day” project in Japan, in 1988. 27
  • Harvard’s Dunster House gets HP workstation/advanced learning center courtesy of Walter Hewlett. 28
  • HP Avondale moves to Wilmington, Delaware, and is named Little Falls Operation. 29
  • HP Spain raises money for aid to Somalia medical organization, help for Bosnia. 30
  • Fourth-quarter net revenue up 13 percent, orders up 20. 30
  • Purchasing magazine awards procurement team. 31
  • Telecommunications Systems Business Unit (TSBU) formed. 31
  • HP announces joint venture with Ericsson to develop network-management systems for telecom industry. 31

March-April 1993 Clearing the Way for Results

  • Improving order-fulfillment process is high priority for 1993. 3-7
  • HP scholarship program effort by employees encourages other employees’ kids to go to college. 8-9
  • Colorado Springs Division transfers engineering responsibility to CHP, Beijing. 10-11
  • Former employee and Baldrige Award recipient Bruce Woolpert discusses HP. 12-13
  • Malaysia 1972-present, sites in Penang, Kuala Lumpur. 14-18
  • Employees talk about xenophobia (fear/hatred of foreigners) in Germany. 19
  • Crossword puzzle challenges employees about Measure history. 20-21
  • Resolution enhancement technology, RET, for LaserJet printers, Charles Tung innovation. 22-24
  • Lew Platt discusses HP way. 26-27
  • HP disabled musicians part of Easy Access band. 28
  • HP wins Personnel Journal award for human-resource management. 28
  • HP Press has two new publishing partners: Prentice-Hall and Random House. 29
  • First-quarter revenue up 18 percent, orders up 24. 29
  • Employee’s fractal art published on calendar and cards. 30
  • HP named in “The 100 Best Companies to Work for in America” by authors Milton Moscowitz and Robert Levering. 30
  • Field operations in Western Hemisphere, NAFO, changes to Americas Operations, which will include the Latin America part of Intercon; Asia Pacific to one geographic organization. 31

May-June 1993 Facing Change

  • Discussion of change and what happens when jobs are relocated; terminated employees in transition. 3-7
  • U.S. semiconductor manufacturers and U.S. government join forces in SEMATECH, Austin, Texas, to strengthen industry competitiveness. 8-10
  • HP in Russia and Packard’s Initiative training program; Herb Blomquist director, International Contract Programming group, ICP. 11-13
  • HP’s community service objectives include programs that donate to universities, reuse and recycle programs, and encouraging employee involvement. 16-19
  • Program gives R&D engineers a technical track (rather than management track) to advance careers. 20-21
  • Julie Ryan, New Jersey Division, advances from secretary to manager. 22-24
  • HP people help Baltimore woman whose HP husband was murdered in 1992. 25
  • Lew Platt discusses managing change. 26-27
  • John Young becomes CEO of Smart Valley Inc., nonprofit formed to link all segments of Silicon Valley. 28
  • HP employee Bob Reynard vacation spent with volunteers in Overseas Cooperative Assistance in Russia teaching farmers how to use computers. 28
  • HP gives grant to San Francisco Ballet and Opera. 29
  • HP equipment outfits mobile science for high school students in Los Angeles area. 29
  • HP ranks 24 on Fortune 500 list. 29
  • Stanford Park Division becomes Video Communications Division
  • (VID). 31
  • HP acquires Four Pi Systems Corp., manufacturer of automated process test systems. 31

July-August 1993 Environmental Victories

  • Emphasis on decentralized decision-making in the 1990s. 3-6
  • HP’s new laser-printer manufacturing facility in Italy gears up. 7-9
  • Alan Bickell, international operations, talks about managing international operations. 10-13
  • Measure editors review highlights at 30-year anniversary. 14-15
  • New environmental program, “product stewardship,” formed to prevent harm to health, safety and ecology caused by any HP product. 16-19
  • HP employee, Binh Rybacki, returns to Vietnam on humanitarian mission. 20-22
  • Ben Holmes, manager of medical products group, comments on health care reform and costs. 23
  • Barb Triol wins “Catalyst for Organizational Change” award at Technical Women’s Conference. 24
  • Lew Platt discusses most-asked questions. 27
  • HP executives don Australian gear in Melbourne. 28
  • Stuffed bunnies collected by Worldwide Customer Support Operations and Finance and Remarketing Division for local police officers to give to children. 28
  • HP participates in Geneva’s Chamber of Commerce event. 29
  • Attorney Rand Newman writes mystery novel. 29
  • Kittyhawk public relations campaign wins Silver Anvil award. 30
  • Second-quarter revenue exceeds $5 billion. 30
  • Job Resource Center in Corvallis employs developmentally disabled. 31
  • HP buys BT&D Technologies Ltd. 31
  • New products include HP Omnibook 300, smallest and lightest PC on market. 31

September-October 1993 High-Tech Passage to India

  • Enormous revolutions in measurement, computation and communications and what it means for the future. 3-6
  • Analytical leaves Avondale, Penn., and the impact of the largest employer leaving town. 7-9
  • Cort Van Rensselaer (longest-service employee, 45 years) and Arnold Stauffer (started HP’s first operations in Europe) retire. 11
  • Importance of backing up data and insurance; Common Operating Environments (COE) allows HP users to communicate more effectively. 12-13
  • HP’s launched joint venture with India company in 1970; since 1989, HP’s presence in India has grown to 190-employee office in New Delhi and subsidiary in Bangalore. 14-16
  • Wim Roelandts discusses Computer Systems Organization (CSO). 18-21
  • Employee Jim Hines talks about need to get back some of the historical HP culture. 22
  • HP’s Danette Taggart visits China for technical information exchange; Women in Computers and Data Processing delegation. 23-25
  • Lew Platt discusses need for more diversity. 26-27
  • Requirements are listed for HP President’s Quality Award. 28
  • HP wins 14 honors at Hong Kong Top Quality Control (TQC) convention. 29
  • HP recognized by Children Now for equipment grants to California schools. 29
  • Retrospective of the late Norm Neely’s contributions to HP. 30
  • Yokogawa Electric Corp. plans museum of measurement technology, which will include exhibits from HP Archives. 31
  • Mark S. Lundstrom, professor of engineering at Purdue, wins Frederick Emmons Terman Award. 31
  • Solectron purchases process technology associated with the printed circuit division of Lake Stevens Instrument Division. 31
  • HP products certified by EPA for saving energy (by going into low-power standby mode when inactive) can display “Energy Star” logo. 31

November-December 1993 Dave Says Goodbye

  • Co-founder Dave Packard retires after 54 years of leadership. 3-6
  • Lew Platt calls for more improvement in percentage of women and minorities in management jobs and above; Platt shocked by overt acts of discrimination. (diversity) 7-9
  • DeskManager, HP’s e-mail system, is 10 years old. 10-11
  • HP backs North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Canada and Mexico. 12-13
  • Weyerhauser, world’s largest forest-products company, picks HP’s Apollo 9000 computer to move to open-systems computing. 14-17
  • Bill Terry, embodiment of HP Way and one of HP’s highest ranking managers, retires. 18-20
  • Kazunori Santa, YHP customer support engineer, talks about his famous last name. 21-23
  • HP employees give Measure high marks on most survey questions. 24-25
  • Lew Platt discusses Hoshin planning goals: increasing profit, improving order fulfillment, reasserting HP’s leadership as the best place to work (HP Way). 26-27
  • 10 millionth HP LaserJet printer manufactured. 28
  • HP Singapore holds annual TechQuiz contest; 13 junior colleges compete for $70,000 of HP equipment. 28
  • Lew Platt wears Jim Willards shoes in Loveland Colo. 29
  • Two HP Apollo model 710 workstations donated to Australian Koala Foundation. 29
  • HP sponsors City Year in Boston. 29
  • Marty Poniatowski’s HP Press book on HP-UX a bestseller. 30
  • Rescue greyhounds make good pets. 31
  • HP acquires EEsof Inc. 31

1993 – Hewlett Speeches

Box 3, Folder 56 – General Speeches


June 15, 1993 – Farewell Message to Peter Voll, No location given, probably Stanford


6/15/93, Copy of typewritten speech by Hewlett


Hewlett says it is hard to believe that Peter Voll has been organizing trips for the Stanford Alumni for 18 years – 436 of them. He says he has been on seven of them, and he reminisces about some of these. He closes saying, “Peter, we really will miss you. You have been a major contributor to Stanford Alumni and served as an example to many universities to set up and operate similar programs. You have set a marvelous example and we are going to miss you.


“Good Luck Peter – Don’t forget all your friends at Stanford.”



Box 3, Folder 57 – General Speeches


October 6, 1993 – “Alternatives to Inventions,” Founders Award, Washington D. C.


10/6/93, Copy of typewritten text of speech


Hewlett refers to the speech given by Dr. George Heilmeier who was the previous award recipient. He says Dr. Heilmeier “talks about the problem of research in product development and problems associated with launching a new product.


Taking a different approach to the problem of developing new products, Hewlett says, “When Hewlett-Packard Company was small, we could not afford the luxury of maintaining a laboratory to engage in research. Rather, we had to depend upon our ability to take a proven idea and reduce it to practice. We were in a business that depended upon having a large number of items in the catalogs, rather than a few major devices, and we had to depend on taking proven ideas and making instruments out of them.”


“One way to obtain such ideas, of course, is to read all the literature. In theory, this is possible, but it would take a remarkable mind to acquire and collate all such information. There are certain alternative approaches. I would like to mention a few.”


The first one Hewlett mentions is taking a suggestion from a third party: ‘Have you ever thought of this?,’ and he tells of an incident involving Barney Oliver, who later became HP’s Director of Research. Hewlett had known Barney when they were both at Stanford, and Hewlett would visit him at Bell Labs from time to time when he was in the East.


As Hewlett relates it, they had, for years, been trying to “push the frequency range of our RC oscillators to the highest possible level, but we never could achieve a real breakthrough. One day, assessing our product line, Barney asked, ‘‘Have you ever thought of using a ring structure for this purpose?’ After he mentioned it, it was obvious that this was the way to achieve the higher frequency levels that we were seeking.”


Hewlett goes on to say that following this suggestion from Barney Oliver, they were able to develop an oscillator “that went from 10 hertz to 10 megahertz in 6 decades. This was a maximum frequency about 30 times larger than we had ever been able to achieve by conventional methods.”


Hewlett says a second source for product ideas is “taking proven technology from one application and applying it to another.”


As an example, he tells of one of their distributors who one day asked, ‘Have you ever thought of using the principle of a flux gate compass to build an instrument that you could simply clip over a wire and measure direct current?’


“Using this principle,” Hewlett says, “we were able to design such a device that would measure a curve as small as 3 megahertz. The field so measured was about 1/300 of the earth’s magnetic field. Such an instrument being a clip-on had the obvious advantage that one did not have to break the circuit to make the current measurement.”


The third possible source for ideas Hewlett mentions is “combining two or three technologies to create a different class of product.


“A good example,” he says, “was our first desktop calculator. One of our engineers had been pushing us for some time to get into the computer business, but we were reluctant to do so. Not to be discouraged, he demonstrated a calculator of extremely simple characteristics and yet very powerful. Unfortunately, it was limited to add, subtract, multiply and divide, but its simplicity and the fact that it used reverse Polish notation made it very effective.


“At the same time, we found two engineers in southern California who had devised an algorithm which could handle trigonometric and logarithmic functions. Whether these two ideas were compatible and could be combined in a single instrument was the question.


”The short study project demonstrated that the two were compatible and we built a very sophisticated desktop computer. Incidentally, we didn’t call the product a computer. If we had called it a computer it would have been rejected by our customers’ computer gurus because it did not look like an IBM. We, therefore, decided to call it a ‘calculator,’ and all such nonsense disappeared.”


“A different type of example on a broader base is the case where a broad technology has been developed and is readily available, but industry has not been smart enough to pick it up. An example was the work done by W. Edwards Deming and Walter Shewhart in the field of statistical quality control (SQC).


Hewlett tells how the Japanese, after World War II, found their production in chaos. They had great difficulty competing with the West, particularly in the areas of quality and cost. Deming, an American, went to Japan and taught the principles of scientific quality control. The Japanese recognized the value of quality control and were able to reduce the cost and increase the quality of their products. American industry largely ignored the Deming methods, and Hewlett says “Hewlett-Packard was a very good example of such blindsidedness.”


Hewlett says, he is glad that American auto makers have now embraced the Deming method, with a corresponding sharp increase in quality and productivity.”


“I cite these examples,” Hewlett says, “to show there are many things around us that we can borrow from or use – many approaches to getting ideas and turning them into viable products.


“I am not trying to denigrate the importance of invention. One only has to look at the transistor industry to realize what a tremendous change it brought to the electronics industry.


“But I hope I’ve been able to show you, through my own experiences at HP, that research is expensive and it’s uncertain. For this reason, it behooves management to make sure that there are some alternative proven techniques that can help reduce the total cost of developing new products.


“I’d like to thank the Academy again for this award and for the chance to share my thoughts with you on some practical alternatives for product development.”


10/6/93, 3X5” cards upon which Hewlett has written notes for his speech. Appears to be an earlier draft

10/6/93, Copy of the printed award statement

10/6/93, Copy of the printed program for 10/6/93 NAE meeting, including the award presentation

10/6/93, Copy of list of registered attendees

8/27/93, Letter to Hewlett from Chuck Blue of NAE sending a copy of the complete meeting program

5/25/93, Copy of a letter to Hewlett from Robert M. White, President, National Academy of Engineering, (NAE), saying he has been selected as the recipient of the 1993 Founders Award of the National Academy of  Engineering, to be presented on October 6, 1993 in Washington D. C. A press release announcing the award is attached for his approval.

6/8/93, Copy of Hewlett travel itinerary

7/14/93, FAX  from Mollie Yoshizumi (Hewlett’s secretary), to Douglas Wolford, NAE returning a redrafted  award statement

6/21/93, Copy of NAE press release

6/29/93, Copy of internal HP newsgram covering the award

7/8/93, Note to Hewlett from Steve Bechtel congratulating him on the award

7/16/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Steve Bechtel thanking him for his note

6/22/93, Note to John S. Foster, Jr. from Hewlett congratulating him on receiving the Enrico Fermi Award.. A copy of the U.S. Department of Energy press release is attached

6/29/93, Letter to Hewlett from Chang-Lin Tien sending congratulations

7/7/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Chang-Lin Tien thanking him for his note

6/30/93, Letter to Hewlett from Kumar Gollabinnie, an HP employee, sending congratulations

7/7/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Mr. Gollabinnie thanking him for his note

7/7/93, Note to Hewlett from John Foster thanking him for his note and congratulating him on the NAE award

7/16/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Foster thanking him for his note

7/6/93, Letter to Hewlett from Thomas E. Everhart, California Institute of Technology, congratulating him on the award

7/16/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Dr. Everhart thanking him for his note

7/7/93, Note to Hewlett from J. S. Parker congratulating him on the award

7/16/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to J. S. Parker thanking him for his note

7/12/93, Letter to Hewlett from Shozo Yokogawa congratulating him on the award

7/19/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Shozo Yokogawa thanking him for his note

7/2/93, Note to Hewlett from Barbara Cummins, SF Customer Relations Education Center, an HP employee, offering congratulations

7/16/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Barbara Cummins thanking her for her note

6/29/93, Letter to Hewlett from George W. Heilmeier, the 1992  NAE Founders award recipient offering congratulations

7/16/93, Copy of a letter to George Heilmeier thanking him for his note

7/29/93, Letter to Hewlett from Charles E. Blue of NAE, sending a copy of the preliminary program for the NAE meeting

8/9/93, Letter to Hewlett from George H. Heilmeier, the 1992 Founders award recipient, sending a copy of his speech on that occasion

8/31/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to George Heilmeier thanking him for sending a copy of his speech

9/1/93, FAX transmittal letter from Ellen King of HP Labs to Mollie Yoshizumi sending copies of two articles about W. Edwards Deming’s work in Japan. No doubt research information for Hewlett

9/8/93, FAX transmittal letter from Hewlett to NAE sending his completed NAE Annual Meeting registration form

9/14/93, Transmittal sheet from NAE to Hewlett sending a ticket for the NAE luncheon

9/17/93, Copy of Hewlett’s travel itinerary showing trip from SF to Washing D.C. of Tuesday 10/5; Washington D. C. to Portland OR on Wednesday 10/6/93 for a visit to HP’s Vancouver WA plant. Also copies of travel tickets

9/21/93, Form letter from NAE to all meeting registrants sending confirmation of registration

10/5/93, Transmittal letter to George Heilmeier from Mollie Yoshizumi sending a copy of Hewlett’s speech for the NAE award ceremony

10/6/93, Letter to Hewlett from George Heilmeier saying he was glad to receive the copy of Hewlett’s speech and discussing his work on liquid crystal displays

Undated, Copies from a dictionary which shows definitions for such words as innovate and innovation. Again probably research for Hewlett

1/4/93 [should have been 1994], Letter to Hewlett from Robert M White of NAE giving him, for tax purposes, the appraisal value of the gold medal which was presented to him at the Founders Award ceremony – $4,410


NAE publications

10/6/93, New Members Yearbook

10/6/93, Annual Meeting Final Program

10/6/93, Section Meeting Booklet for the Electronics Engineering Section

Winter issue of “The Bridge” which contains a copy of Hewlett’s speech



Box 3, Folder 58 – General Speeches


October 7, 1993 – Howard Vollum Leadership Award, Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Portland, OR


10/7/93, Page and a half handwritten by Hewlett with text of talk


Hewlett talks about Howard Vollum in the early days of his career. He says he was in Washington D.C. when Howard was in the Signal Corps, and he kept hearing about a ‘genius’ who was working on a radar to locate portable mortars. “These field pieces were giving our infantry a lot of trouble,” he says, “and by the time you could locate one of them using conventional means the mortar would be moved by the time you could do anything to counter it.” Without going into detail as to how Vollum’s device worked, Hewlett says it was very effective. “I was so impressed with Howard,” Hewlett says, “ that I wrote to Dave Packard and recommended he hire him.”


However, Howard came back to Portland and joined Tektronix a company that made oscilloscopes. Hewlett tells how HP and Tektronix each went their own ways for a while, but then HP decided to go into the oscilloscope business too – ignoring the adage, ‘Never attack a fortified position unless you have to.’


Hewlett says their first product was “a bunch of junk, adding that HP’s entry into the field served to “intensify Tek’s efforts. Despite all our best efforts we made little progress. We would make a technical breakthrough, and Tektronix would come up with something better. I think the best we ever did was to increase our penetration to about 15% [of the market.]”


Howard’s death,” Hewlett says, “was not just a loss to the company, but a loss to the community and the country as a whole. But we were left with an indelible impression, “Never attack a fortified position unless you absolutely have to.”


10/7/93, Earlier draft of talk handwritten by Hewlett

10/5-7/93, Copy of Hewlett’s schedule including visit to HP plant in Vancouver, Washington

10/7/93, Material from program folder containing schedule for October 7, as well as other papers relevant to the day

6/8/93, Note to Mollie Yoshizumi, Hewlett’s secretary, from the travel office with a suggested itinerary

3/30/93, Letter to Hewlett from Douglas C. Strain telling him of the forum on “The Technology of Business in the Pacific Century,” sponsored by the Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology. He says that the Board of Trustees, Jean Vollum, and he,  would like to present Hewlett with the Howard Vollum Leadership Award as a part of the forum activities.

4/8/93, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Douglas Strain accepting the invitation, and adding that he held Howard Vollum in high regard, and had once suggested Dave Packard hire him.

4/30/93, Letter to Hewlett from Thomas Wilson, Vice President, Development, of the Graduate Institute saying he is pleased Hewlett will be attending their forum.

5/13/93, Copy of a letter to Wilson thanking him for his letter

8/27/93, Letter to Hewlett from Douglas Strain attaching an invitation to a private dinner the evening of October 7.

9//13/93, Note to Hewlett from Andrew Ould [HP PR?], saying a Stu Watson of the ‘Oregon Business Magazine’ would like to interview him during his visit, and asks if Hewlett wants to comply. Handwritten note on letter says Ould advises interview cancelled.

9/16/93, Copy of an HP newsgram telling of Hewlett’s award – sent to Hewlett by Betty Gerard

9/17/93, Copy of itinerary, sent to Hewlett by travel office

9/24/93, [date received by WRH], Note to Hewlett from Douglas Strain confirming dinner on October 7, and notifying him of change of location

9/30/93, Copy of a letter to Hewlett from Tom Wilson, of OGI, attaching the schedule for the day of the award, plus a list of speakers with a short biography on each

9/30/93, Copy of a letter to Hewlett from Robert Mims of the OGI, attaching an agenda for the award dinner

9/30/93, Note from Mollie Yoshizumi to Hewlett’s daughter, Mary Jaffe, in Portland, attaching a copy of Hewlett’s flight itinerary for the trip there, and a copy of a letter to Hewlett from Dick Snyder, GM of HP’s Vancouver plant, discussing plans for his visit there on October 8

10/4/93, FAX to Hewlett from Jerome J. Meyer, Chairman and CEO of Tektronix, sending a copy of  a printed message to Tektronix employees containing a statement of  their corporate objectives

10/28/93, Letter to Hewlett from Douglas Strain, Vice Chairman, Electro Scientific Industries, thanking him for coming to Portland, and reminiscing about all the help he got from both he and Dave Packard when they were starting ESI in 1950. He encloses a statement of ESI ‘Management Principles’ much of which he admits was borrowed from HP.

June, July, August issues of “Elements,” a newspaper published by the OGI

1/12/94, Note to Hewlett from Lyle M. Nelson of Stanford, enclosing a clipping from an OGI publication which contains a photograph of Hewlett at the podium during the Vollum award dinner. Hewlett, although smiling, has his eyes shut. Lyle comments he “looks better with his eyes shut than with them open.”

9/30/94, Letter to Hewlett from Ed Coolly, OGI Chairman, and Dwight Sangrey, President, telling him that Sangrey is leaving as OGI  President, to be replaced by Paul Bragdon

12/18/97, Letter to Hewlett from Paul Bragdon, OGI President, telling him of OGI’s favorable financial status, along with a listing of recent grants



Box 3, Folder 59 – General Speeches


November 1, 1993  – “Silicon Valley,” Jewish Community Federation, San Francisco, CA

Same as speech dated 4/20/88 above


11/1/93, Copy of the typewritten text of the speech


In this speech Hewlett describes the history of Silicon Valley, particularly during its formative years, and the important role played by Stanford University.

“Silicon Valley did not just spring out of nowhere,” he says. “There had been activity in electronics in the Bay Area for almost 50 years before the transistor was invented. In fact, it was just 90 years ago that Marconi established a branch of his company, Marconi Wireless, in the area. He had already established radio communication to England from Cape Cod in Massachusetts. He wanted to use the new facilities at Bolinas, California, to establish a trans-Pacific link.


“Interestingly enough, the first semiconductor work carried out in the Valley did not use silicon but another element called germanium.


Hewlett suggests starting at the beginning, and he says the beginning starts with Stanford. “The founding grant of the University laid great emphasis on the professional aspects of higher education. The first President, David Starr Jordan, who himself was an ichthyologist of some note, attracted an outstanding group of faculty members in various fields of science and engineering.


“An early graduate in engineering by the name of Cyril Elwell became the archetype of the technical innovators that were later associated with Silicon Valley. Prior to Elwell, there had been some experiments in radio transmissions, including the early work on ship-to-shore and point-to-point communication. At that time, high-powered radio signals were generated by means of an electric arc, that is, an electrical discharge across a gap. It was not suitable for voice transmissions but it could be used for Morse Code.


“Elwell heard about an invention in Denmark of an improved arc by a man by the name of Valdemar Poulsen. This arc was much more stable than previous arcs. It used a large magnetic field and a special atmosphere to achieve this performance. Furthermore, it could be used for high-power voice communication. Elwell went over to Denmark and essentially, without a nickel in his pocket, bought the invention for $250,000 and then came back to the San Francisco area to try and raise the money.


The Poulsen Wireless Telegraph & Telephone Company was formed to exploit this patent. This name was later changed to Federal Telegraph Company. It is interesting to note that the President of Stanford, Dr. Jordan, invested $500 in this venture and encouraged other members of the faculty to do the same. The Federal Telegraph soon attracted a bevy of smart and creative engineers. One such engineer was Lee De forest who in 1906 had invented the Audion, the first vacuum tube. While working on the Audion in Palo Alto in 1912, just a year before I was born. He perfected the device so that it would both amplify sound and, in addition, was capable of generating stable radio frequencies. As a matter of interest, the house where De Forest did his work was not more than three blocks from where Dave Packard and I started our venture.


“Two young engineers from Federal Telegraph left the company in 1917 to found a new company north of San Francisco to exploit a new principle for a loudspeaker. The company so formed was the Magnavox Company which subsequently moved east and still is an active, well-established company. One of these two engineers, Peter Jensen, later formed his own company which became known as the Jensen Speaker Company. It is interesting that these loudspeakers made modern public address systems practical. In 1919, President Wilson addressed an audience of about 50,000 people in San Diego using these loudspeakers.


“In 1921, two young engineers by the names of Ralph Heintz and Jack Kaufman combined to form a company of that name that specialized in commercial radio equipment and made some of the first air-to-ground radio systems.


“The capabilities of this new air-to-ground system were dramatically demonstrated during one of the Dole Airplane races from San Francisco to Hawaii. One of the planes was equipped with one such radio, the power for which was derived by a small wind-driven generator. The faster the plane went, the faster the wind generator rotated, and the whine of the wind generator could be heard in its radio transmissions. At the time of the race, amateur radio was just coming into vogue and the communications from the plane were monitored by amateur operators all over the world.


“This was an era in which navigational instrumentation for airplanes was very primitive. The plane with the radio transmitter became lost in a cloud and could not tell up from down. Although he did not know it, the pilot started in a power dive, and all over the world, the increased itch of the radio signal indicated that the plane had picked up speed and was probably in a dive. Suddenly, all transmission stopped – no trace of it was ever found.


“Meanwhile, Federal Telegraph had been merged with MacKay Radio & Telegraph Company and eventually was acquired by International Telephone & Telegraph Company and moved East. Many of the engineers, being good Californians, did not like being transplanted and soon returned to the Bay Area. One such person was Charles Litton. Charlie planned to make the very large vacuum tubes required for high-powered radio broadcasting. Charlie was a superb mechanic and he decided that if he were to build good vacuum tubes, he needed a special lathe to assemble them. He designed and built such a lathe. Before he was able to use it, however, somebody from one of the larger radio manufacturing companies saw it and wanted to buy it. Charlie sold it to them and the same thing happened several times over, so that Charlie wound up in the manufacturing of glassblowing lathes and never really got around to building the vacuum tubes he originally intended to.


“This ability to make vacuum tubes was very important to this country during world War II. Charlie turned his plant over to his foreman with the understanding that these lathes were to be sold at cost on the theory that it was not proper to profit from the defense effort. Charlie did consulting to support himself. At the end of the war, he became frustrated with manufacturing and sold his company to some young venture capitalists who formed the Litton engineering that we now know. Interestingly enough, Charlie was offered $1 million in cash, or an equivalent amount of shares of Litton at the price of $1.00 a share. Eventually, that stock was selling for well over $100.00 a share – he had chosen the cash.


“Another company that had started before the War was Eitel-McCullough. They specialized in transmitting tubes for the burgeoning amateur radio industry. They were master craftsmen in this art and contributed greatly to the need for high-powered vacuum tubes during the war.


“Another legacy from the Federal Telegraph company were two very large magnets that had been built for the Poulsen arc but had never been used. In the early 1930’s, Ernest O. Lawrence was doing his first experiments with the cyclotron at U.C. Berkeley. Interestingly enough, my wife was taking freshman physics from Dr. Lawrence. She remembered how exciting it was when he would come into the classroom and announce that they had just discovered a new element, such and such, and discovered its characteristics.


“Like most college professors, Dr. Lawrence had very little money to spend. To have designed and built the magnets that weighed about 85 tons each would have been impossible, but he found these two discarded magnets and was thus able to build the first atom smasher. Another spinoff of Federal Telegraph was the work of Fred Kolster who perfected the radio direction finder. Many of the old-timers here will remember the name Kolster Radio.’


“You might liken the Federal Telegraph Company to a supernova, such as appeared a few years ago. A giant star explodes and out of its residue, many new stars are formed. It was from the residue of Federal Telegraph that much of the subsequent developments in silicon Valley depended – the ingredients were trained people, small companies, and above all else, the tradition of engineering at Stanford.


“Another example of pioneer work in the Bay Area was that of Philo T. Farnsworth who came to San Francisco in 1927 to perfect the first all-electronic television system.


“How did Silicon Valley get its name? Long before people ever heard of the transistor, there was considerable activity in electronics in and around Stanford. As an example, the Varian Brothers, while working in the physics laboratory at Stanford, had invented a device called the Klystron, a device that could amplify very high frequency signals, as well as acting as a source of such signals. In the early days of the War before the United States was involved, the Varian Brothers were very much concerned about the threat of bombing and sought a way to detect and locate enemy aircraft. They reasoned that if they could get a very narrow, high-powered radio beam, they would be able to bounce it off an airplane and detect some of the reflecting signals. To do this, they needed a radio signal that had a very short wave length so that a practical sized antenna could be used. This was the driving factor that led to their invention of the Klystron.


“To eventually exploit this invention, Varian Associates was formed shortly after the War. Another use for Klystrons appeared in a different form; atom smashing. Instead of having a curved circular path, such as the cyclotron, a linear accelerator was built, powered by very large cyclotrons. The practicality of this was demonstrated with a 200-foot accelerator and subsequently, with major government support, into the Stanford Linear Accelerator program (SLAC). A two-mile long device located in the hills behind Stanford.


“Shortly after the War, a young American engineer brought from Germany a magnetic tape recorder. The potentiality of this technique was quickly recognized by an old friend of Charlie Littons’s, Alexander M. Poniatoff, who founded the company, Ampex, which name was derived from is initials and ‘ex’ for excellence. This company led the field in audio and eventually video recording for many years.


“In 1947 Bell Telephone Laboratories invented the transistor that was to revolutionize the field of electronics. Arnold Beckman, a professor at Cal Tech who founded Beckman Instruments, soon recognized the importance of the transistor. He asked one of the co-inventors, William Shockley, to set up a company to work on semiconductors. Bill’s father had taught at Stanford and Bill himself had spent his early days in Palo Alto. It was for this reason and with a little coaching from Professor Terman that he selected Palo Alto as the site for the new company.


Fred Terman, who had been Dean of Engineering and subsequently became Provost, recognized the importance of an industrial park on University lands. He felt that there could be a two-way benefit from such a development. Industry could benefit by its proximity to the University and the University could benefit from its high-tech neighbors. This certainly proved to be the case. The Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory was established in 1955 and was one of the first tenants of the newly developed Industrial Park.


“Shockley was a brilliant engineer, but management was not his forte. He had accumulated a constellation of brilliant scientists and engineers, but they soon became disenchanted and sought financial support elsewhere for their ideas, Venture capitalists were not yet readily available and they turned to Fairchild Camera & Instrument for financial assistance. In 1957, Fairchild agreed to support the project and the company called ‘Fairchild Semiconductor’ was founded, with Robert Noyce as its President. Once the success of this new company was demonstrated, it did not take long before there were other defectors, and more companies were formed with financing now readily available. By this time, ‘Silicon’ was the preferred material and gave its name to the valley.


“But prior to any ‘Silicon,’ the Bay Area had seen the development of the Poulsen arc, the invention of the true vacuum tube, the perfection of the dynamic loudspeaker, some of the first air-to-ground communications systems, first radio direction finding devices, the perfection of the all-eletronic television, key work in the manufacturing of large vacuum tubes, the invention of the Klystron, the perfection of the magnetic tape for recording both voice and sound, and many others. Silicon came to a very fertile valley.


“I think in closing, that particular comments should be made about the role of Stanford University. As mentioned, it was indirectly responsible for the first electronics in the valley, based on the work of Elwell. You might even say that it pioneered some aspects of venture capitalism when President Jordan and his faculty helped finance the Federal Telegraph Company.


“Lewis M Terman, a Professor at Stanford in the psychology Department, is best known for the Terman-Binet intelligence test. However, he had a far more famous son, Frederick Terman, who was a great innovator at Stanford University. Fred was educated as a chemical engineer, but while taking graduate work at MIT, became greatly interested in the field of ‘radio.’ But he did a lot more than that. For one, he talked to two young engineering students, William Hewlett and David Packard, to try their wings in the field of ‘radio.’ It was Terman who had the idea of taking some of the unused land of Stanford University and converting it into an industrial park. It was Terman who conceived the idea of close collaboration between the University and the burgeoning industry in the area. He set up an honors cooperative program in the engineering school that made possible the opportunity for participating firms to be sure that some of their promising new employees might take graduate work at Stanford on a part-time basis with additional funds being paid to the University.


“Expanded enrollment in this program led to the use of television for providing teaching in remote locations. This was viewed with skepticism by many educators, but this criticism was soon quieted by the fact that many of the students participating in these remote sites had better test scores than the students in the classrooms. Terman went on to become the Provost of the University.


“More recently, in an effort to carry on very expensive and broad-based research in semiconductors, a cooperative venture was set up between the university and about twenty firms wherein these firms contributed towards the construction of a new $15 million laboratory for semiconductor research.


“I think it is safe to say that without Stanford, there would not have been a Silicon Valley.”


6/18/92, Typewritten research notes on Silicon Valley history listing several companies with a paragraph or so about each of them.

Undated, typewritten sheet giving a chronological listing of significant events in the Valley

6/24/93, Letter to Hewlett from Richard Goldman, of the International Leadership Reunion thanking him for agreeing to participate in their conference.

9/23/93, Copy of a note from Hewlett’s secretary, Mollie Yoshizumi, to Penny Brown of the ILR sending a biographical sketch, copy attached.

9/24/93, Copy of a note to file saying that Hewlett has invited a man named Harry Saal of Smart Valley Inc., to participate with him at the ILR conference. It adds that Hewlett has informed Goldman of this. A sheet with Saal’s address is attached

9/28/93, Copy of a note from Mollie Yoshizumi to Penny Brown of ILR enclosing a photo of Hewlett

10/22/93, Letter to Hewlett from Susan Mall of ILR giving logistical information on the conference day and enclosing a copy of the conference program

11/1/93, Typewritten note stating dinner with at Mr. And Mrs. Goldman at 7:00 PM

11/9/93, Letter to Hewlett from Richard and Rhoda Goldman Co-Chairs of the conference thanking him for his “very interesting” talk about Silicon Valley and attaching a copy of ILR program book

Undated, Photocopies of the covers and some pages from two books: The Big Score – The Billion-dollar Story of Silicon Valley, by Michael S. Malone; and Charged Bodies – People, Power and Paradox in Silicon Valley, by Thomas Mahon. An unsigned, handwritten “post-it” is pasted on one of them explaining that the pages mention Cy Elwell.