1976 – HP Journal Index

January 1976 v.27 n.5

Cover: Microprocessor Control

An Automatic Selective Level Measuring Set for Multichannel Communications Systems. Combining microprocessor control with meticulous receiver and synthesizer design results in a powerful new tool for the installation, maintenance, and surveillance of frequency-division multiplexed communications systems, by J. Reid Urquhart, pg 2-7. 3745A, 3745B.

Operating a Selective Level Measuring Set through a Keyboard, pg 4

[Author:] J. Reid Urquhart, pg 7

Designing Precision into a Selective Level Measuring Set, by Hugh P. Walker, pg 8-12

Spurious Responses That Can Perturb a Measurement, pg 12

[Author:] Hugh P. Walker, pg 12

Designing a Quiet Frequency Synthesizer for a Selective Level Measuring Set, by John H. Coster, pg 13-15

[Author:] John H. Coster, pg 15

Making the Most of Microprocessor Control, by David G. Dack, pg 16-18

[Author:] David G. Dack, pg 18

Real-Time Multi-User BASIC. Easy-to-learn, interactive BASIC is now available as a programming language for HP computer systems operating under the real-time executive operating systems, RTE-II and RTE-III, by James T. Schultz, pg 19-24

[Author:] James [Jim] T. Schultz, pg 24

February 1976 v.27 n.6

Cover: A sculptural representation of the 5501A Laser Transducer System for machine-tool positioning

Laser Transducer Systems for High-Accuracy Machine Positioning. These reliable, modular systems consist of an HP two-frequency laser head and interferometric optics designed for permanent installation on a machine tool or measuring machine, and a selection of interface electronics to couple the laser to a computer, calculator or numerical controller, by Andre F. Rude, Michael J. Ward, pg 2-6. 5501A.

Appendix: Some Things to Keep in Mind When Configuring a Laser System, pg 6

Electronics for the Laser Transducer. The emphasis is on flexibility and completeness, making the system adaptable to virtually any combination of controller and machine, by William E. Olson, Robert B. Smith, pg 7-18. 5501A.

A Numeric Display Module, by Ronald C. Jensen, pg 10

System Example: Calculator/Laser Controlled Measuring Machine, pg 17

[Authors:] Andre F. Rude, Robert [Bob] B. Smith, William [Bill] E. Olson, Michael [Mike] J. Ward, pg 18

Using a Programmable Calculator as a Data Communications Terminal. A discussion of the data communications capabilities of the HP 9830A Calculator, with examples of real-life applications, by James E. Carlson, Ronald L. Stickle, pg 19-24

[Authors:] Ronald [Ron] L. Stickle, James [Jim] E. Carlson, pg 24

March 1976 v.27 n.7

Cover: The new rugged Model 5062C Cesium Beam Frequency Reference and the new 15-centimeter cesium beam tube that makes it possible

A Cesium Beam Frequency Reference for Severe Environments. Systems operating in demanding environments, including airborne, marine and land mobile, can now benefit from the accuracy and stability of the cesium atom as a time and frequency reference, by Charles E. Heger, Ronald C. Hyatt, Gary A. Seavey, pg 2-10. 5062C.

[Authors:] Charles [Chuck] E. Heger, Gary A. Seavey, Ronald [Ron] C. Hyatt, pg 10

Calibrated FM, Crystal Stability, and Counter Resolution for a Low-Cost Signal Generator. A new synchronizer/counter boosts the frequency stability and resolution of HP’s low-cost 520-MHz signal generator, which is now available in a new calibrated-FM version, Model 8654B, as well as the original Model 8654A, by Robert R. Collison, Ronald E. Kmetovicz, pg 11-17. 8655A.

[Authors:] Robert [Bob] R. Collison, Ronald [Ron] E. Kmetovicz, pg 17

A 50-Mbit/s Pattern Generator and Error Detector for Evaluating Digital Communications System Performance. To simplify measurements in PCM system, this new all-in-one instrument has fixed clock rates and a choice of interface levels. Besides measuring bit-error rate, it can also estimate coding errors and measuring clock-frequency offset, by Ivan R. Young, Robert Pearson, Peter M. Scott, pg 18-24. 3780A.

[Authors:] Ivan R. Young, Robert [Bob] Pearson, Peter M. Scott, pg 24

April 1976 v.27 n.8

Cover: Model 3810A Total Station gives the operator a direct readout of distance to a pole-mounted retroreflector held by his rod man

Electronic Total Station Speeds Survey Operations. This new electronic surveying instrument measures slope distance and zenith angle simultaneously, then computes and displays horizontal or vertical distance in feet or metres. Its base measures horizontal angle, by Michael L. Bullock, Richard E. Warren, pg 2-12. 3801A.

Angle Transducer, pg 10

[Authors:] Michael [Mike} L. Bullock, Richard [Rick] E. Warren, pg 12

Designing Efficiency into a Digital Processor for an Analytical Instrument. Hardware control of the I/O system eliminates excessive overhead in the architecture of a digital processor used in a gas chromatograph, leading to significant improvements in operating convenience, by John S. Poole, Len Bilen, pg 13-20. 5840A.

[Authors:] Len Bilen, John S. Poole, pg 20

May 1976 v.27 n.9

Cover: Model 2644A Terminal is a microprocessor-controlled CRT terminal that has two built-in magnetic tape units for mass data storage

New CRT Terminal Has Magnetic Tape Storage for Expanded Capability. Two built-in tape drives make the terminal a stand-alone data station. User benefits are reduced on-line time costs, lover line charges in remote operations, and greatly lessened demand on computer resources, by Robert G. Nordman, Richard L. Smith, Louis A. Witkin, pg 2-15. 2644A.

Mini Data Cartridge: A Convincing Alternative for Low-Cost, Removable Storage, by Alan J. Richards, pg 6-7

Mini-Cartridge Drive Mechanism, pg 12-13

[Authors:] Richard [Rich] L. Smith, Alan J. Richards, Louis [Lou] A. Witkin, Robert [Bob] G. Nordman, pg 14

Laboratory Notebook: A Logarithmic Counter, by David Arnold, pg 16-15 [sic]

June 1976 v.27 n.10

Cover: 9825A Calculator with its high-performance NMOS LSI processor and the powerful system-controller capabilities

Third Generation Programmable Calculator Has Computer-Like Capabilities. A new programming language, HPL, helps the user apply the many technological advances in this personal computing machine to a wide variety of computation and control problems, by Donald E. Morris, Chris J. Christopher, Geoffrey W. Chance, Dick B. Barney, pg 2-14. 9825A.

9825A Product Design, pg 5

9825A Cartridge Tape Unit, pg 13

[Authors:] Geoffrey [Geoff] W. Chance, Donald [Don] E. Morris, Dick B. Barney, Chris J. Christopher, pg 14

High-Performance NMOS LSI Processor, by William Eads, David S. Maitland, pg 15-18. 9825A.

Processor Tester. An Application of the 9825A Calculator, pg 18

[Authors:] David [Dave] S. Maitland, William [Bill] D. Eads, pg 18

Character Impact Printer Offers Maximum Printing Flexibility. This new printer is fast and reliable, and has features previously unavailable in a calculator peripheral, including programmable horizontal and vertical tabulation, variable character spacing, and plotting ability, by Robert B. Bump, Gary R. Paulson, pg 19-23. 9871A.

[Authors:] Robert [Bob] B. Bump, Gary R. Paulson, pg 23

Mid-Range Calculator Delivers More Power at Lower Cost. Its design takes advantage of the latest technology, principally a single-chip microprocessor, by Douglas Clifford, F. Timothy Hickenlooper, A. Craig Mortensen, pg 24-32. 9825A, 9815A.

[Author:] Douglas [Doug] M. Clifford, pg 30

[Authors:] A. Craig Mortensen, F. Timothy [Tim] Hickenlooper, pg 31

July 1976 v.27 n.11

Cover: Model 8505A Network Analyzer

A Direct-Reading Network Analyzer for the 500-kHz-to-1.3-GHz Frequency Range. Beside measurements of gain, loss, phase shift and reflection coefficient, this new all-in-one measuring set makes direct measurements of equivalent electrical length, group delay, and deviation from linear phase shift, by Hugo Vifian, pg 2-6. 8505A.

[Author:] Hugo Vifian, pg 6

Measuring A Linearly Changing Frequency, by Frederick Woodhull, pg 6

A Family of Test Sets for the 500 kHz-1.3 GHz Range, by Julius Botka, pg 7

Processing Wide-Range Network Analyzer Signals for Analog and Digital Display, by William S. Lawson, David D. Sharrit, pg 8-11

A Wide-Range, Continuously-Variable Line Stretcher, by William Lawson, pg 9

A Wide-Range, High-Resolution Group Delay Detector, by David Sharrit, pg 11

[Authors:] William [Bill] S. Lawson, David [Dave] D. Sharrit, pg 11

A Precision RF Source and Down-Converter for the Model 8505A Network Analyzer, by Rolf Dalichow, Daniel R. Harkins, pg 12-16

Well-Matched Down-Converters, by Wayne Frederick, pg 13

Generating Well-Isolated Tracking Source Signals, by Mark Roos, Phillip Chen, pg 15

[Authors:] Rolf Dalichow, Daniel [Dan] R. Harkins, pg 16

August 1976 v.27 n.12

Cover: Against a backdrop photo of an HP 3000 series II Computer System are a Series II Memory board and an example of an Error Correcting Memory Log Analysis

Series II General-Purpose Computer Systems: Designed for Improved Throughput and Reliability. A larger, faster memory system with error correction and error logging, a faster central processor, an expanded instruction set, and a more efficient operating system are the major technological advances. Benchmark studies rate the new HP 3000 Series II Computer System at two to four times the throughput of earlier versions, by Leonard E. Shar, pg 2-7. Model 5, Model 7, Model 9.

An All-Semiconductor Memory with Fault Detection, Correction, and Logging, by Elio A. Toschi, Tak Watanabe, pg 8-13. 3000 Series.

[Authors:] Leonard [Len] E. Shar, Tak Watanabe, Elio A. Toschi, pg 13

HP 3000 Series II Performance Measurement, by Clifford A. Jager, pg 14-16

[Author:] Clifford [Cliff] A. Jager, pg 16

September 1976 v.28. n.1

Cover: HP Model 1741A variable persistence/storage scope

An Easier-to-Use Variable-Persistence/Storage Oscilloscope with Brighter, Sharper Traces. Revising the control arrangement and operating modes of a variable persistence oscilloscope results in a more “friendly” instrument that also has improved display characteristics, by Van Harrison, pg 2-8. 1741A.

A Brighter, More Sharply Focused Variable Persistence/Storage Cathode-Ray Tube, by Robert Wickliff, Jr., pg 6

[Author:] Van Harrison, pg 8

An Automatic Wide-Range Digital LCR Meter. Easy operation, a wide measurement range, two measurement frequencies, high reliability, optional HP-IB compatibility, and low cost make it suitable for a wide range of component and impedance measurements, by Satoru Hashimoto, Toshio Tamamura, pg 9-16. 4261A.

See Also: Correction: To figure 4 in the article “An Automatic Wide-Range Digital LCR Meter”, page 9 in the October 1976 issue

[Authors:] Satoru Hashimoto, Toshio Tamamura, pg 15

October 1976 v.28 n.2

Cover: New Oximeter. 47201A.

Continuous, Non-Invasive Measurements of Arterial Blood Oxygen Levels. A new oximeter gives calibrated non-invasive measurements of the oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in arterial blood, using a multiwavelength optical technique that approaches “touch-and-read” convenience, by Edwin Merrick, Thomas Hayes, pg 2-9. 47201A.

See Also: Corrections: To an incomplete reference on page 9 in the article “Continuous, Non-Invasive Measurements of Arterial Blood Oxygen Levels, page 20 in the December 1976 issue. Also,  to an equation on page 5 in the same article, also on page 20 in the December 1976 issue.

Oximeter Theory, pg 5

[Authors:] Edwin [Ed] B. Merrick, Tom Hayes, pg 9

Correction: To figure 4 in the article “An Automatic Wide-Range Digital LCR Meter”, page 9 in the September 1976 issue, pg 9

Laboratory Notebook: A Signal-Level Reference, by J. Reid Urquhart, pg 10

Laboratory Notebook: An Accurate, Low-Noise Discriminator, by Gerald Ainsworth, Richard Pope, pg 10

Card-Programmable Digital IC Tester Simplifies Incoming Inspection. It’s inexpensive, easy to set up to test a wide variety of digital IC’s and easy to operate. Interfaces for many automatic IC handlers are available, by Eric M. Ingman, pg 11-18. 5045A.

[Author:] Eric M. Ingman, pg 18

Some Economic Considerations of IC Testing, by Mark Baker, pg 18-19

November 1976 v.28 n.3

Cover: The HP-97 and the HP-67 are fully programmable portable calculators that can run each other’s programs

A Pair of Program-Compatible Personal Programmable Calculators. One is a small, portable printing calculator and the other is a hand-held version without a printer. Both versions feature a “smart” magnetic card reader, and each can run the other’s programs, by Peter D. Dickinson, William E. Egbert, pg 2-8. HP-97, HP-67.

[Authors:] Peter D. Dickinson, William [Bill] E. Egbert, pg 8

Portable Scientific Calculator Has Built-In Printer. It’s the first of a new generation of small, portable, printing calculators that operate on rechargeable batteries or line current, by Bernard E. Musch, Robert B. Taggart, pg 9-16. HP-91.

See Also: Corrections: To a typographical error in the equation on page 10 in the article “Portable Scientific Calculator Has Built-In Printer”,  in the December 1976 issue, pg 20

Printing on the HP-97, by William E. Egbert, pg 10

The New Accuracy: Making 23 = 8*, by Dennis W. Harms, pg 16-17

[Author:] Dennis W. Harms, pg 17

[Authors:] Bernard [Bernie] E. Musch, Robert [Bob] B. Taggart, pg 18

High-Power Solid-State 5.9-12.4-GHz Sweepers. Two new RF plug-ins for the 8620C Sweep Oscillator produce more than 50

mW of output power, thanks to a new gallium arsenide field-effect transistor, by Louis J. Kuhlman, Jr., pg 19-22

A 5.9-12.4-GHz GaAs FET Power Amplifier, pg 20

The GaAs FET in Microwave Instrumentation, by Patrick H. Wang, pg 22-23

New Low-Noise GaAs FET Chip has 25-Milliwatt Output at 10 GHz, pg 23

[Authors:] Patrick [Pat] H. Wang, Louis [Jack] J. Kuhlman, Jr., pg 24

December 1976 v.28 n.4

Cover: Model 547A Current Tracer reveals the presence and relative size of current steps by the brightness of its built-in lamp while Model 546A Logic Pulser supplies the needed stimulus current if it isn’t already present in the system under test

Current Tracer: A New Way to Find Low-Impedance Logic-Circuit Faults. By tracing current pulses, this sensitive probe helps locate solder bridges, shorted conductors in cables, shorts in voltage distribution networks, shorted IC inputs and dead or stuck outputs, stuck wired-AND circuits, and stuck data buses, by John Beckwith, pg 2-8. 547A.

[Author:] John F. Beckwith, pg 8

New Logic Probe Troubleshoots Many Logic Families. The probe’s single lamp indicator displays high or low logic levels, bad levels, and open circuits on digital circuit nodes. Testable logic families include TTL, DTL, CMOS, HTL, HNIL and MOS, by Robert Quenelle, pg 9-11. 545A.

A Smart Probe-Test System, by Barry Bronson, pg 10

[Author:] Robert [Bob] C. Quenelle, pg 11

A Multifunction, Multifamily Logic Pulser. This microprogrammed pulse generator in a probe can produce single pulses, pulse bursts, or pulse streams. Its output state automatically adjusts for the type of logic being simulated, by Barry Bronson, Anthony Chan, pg 12-15. 546A.

[Authors:] Anthony [Tony] Y. Chan, Barry Bronson, pg 15

Probe Family Packaging, by David E. Gordon, pg 16-17

[Author:] David [Dave] E. Gordon, pg 17

Multifamily Logic Clip Shows All Pin States Simultaneously. This new logic clip works with virtually all logic families from ECL to 18V CMOS. Loading of the circuit under test is minimal. The clip is protected by overloads to 30V, by Durward Priebe, pg 18-20. 548A.

[Author:]  Durward Priebe, pg 20

Corrections:

To a typographical error in the equation on page 10 in the article “Portable Scientific Calculator Has Built-In Printer”,  in the November 1976 issue, pg 20

Also,  to an incomplete reference on page 9 in the article “Continuous, Non-Invasive Measurements of Arterial Blood Oxygen Levels in the October 1976 issue. Also,  to an equation on page 5 in the same article, pg 20

Interfacing a Parallel-Mode Logic State Analyzer to Serial Data. A new serial-to-parallel converter enables a parallel-mode logic state analyzer to work with serial data so the analyzer’s tabular display and versatile triggering can be used for tracing data flow in serial data systems, by Justin S. Morrill, Jr., pg 21-24. 10254A.

[Author:] Justin S. Morrill, Jr., pg 24

1976 – MEASURE Magazine

January 1976 They Chose Freedom

  • America’s bicentennial year, a reminder that freedom didn’t come easily; HP employees who chose freedom and immigrated to the U.S. 2 7
  • New Santa Rosa, Calif., plant open house; facility fulfills HP pledge to blend architecture with environment. 8 9
  • YHP employee uses abacus, which outperforms adding machine and calculator. 10
  • HP boy scouts go to Yellowstone Park; raised money in part from cleaning HP picnic grounds. 10
  • Inside a “division review,” which evolved from R&D or product review; division “report card.” 11 13
  • New, low-cost digital multimeters introduced. 14
  • New desktop 9825 A calculator debuts with features only previously found on minicomputers. 14
  • Bill Terry, vice president and general manager of Instruments Group, elected chair, Western Electronics Manufacturers Association (WEMA). 14
  • Annual report theme based on four dimensions of HP responsibility. 14
  • Hewlett discusses energy saving, conservation. 15
  • Packard photo during his time as tight end, Stanford football team. 16

February 1976 Coaching the HP Team

  • Hewlett discusses employee education and training, and management development programs. 2-7
  • Training the trainers -– management development program. 8-10
  • What qualities do you look for in an HP supervisor; comments from employees. 11 12
  • Coaching managers — comments from Packard on the executive seminar, management development, and a pragmatic approach. 13 15
  • Quote on goals of management training by Bill Nilsson, manager of Corporate Training and Management Development. 16

March 1976 The Old World Sets a Fast New Pace

  • HP’s eleventh annual European management meeting in Montreux, Switzerland; Packard discusses goals of HP in Europe; other topics include government intervention, European economy, streamlining finances, production, ordering in Europe; divisional status reports on HP Europe. 2 9
  • Messages European managers most want to communicate to U.S. product divisions; communication gaps. 10-11
  • Workshops on Europe held at Montreux about management by objective and improving sales productivity. 12 13
  • First-quarter results report 11 percent increase in sales; 18 percent decline in earnings. 14
  • Makro ordered 21 minicomputer systems; largest single computer order. 14
  • Maurice Merkt, former director of HPSA, dies. 14
  • Hewlett discusses first-quarter results. 15
  • HP 2000F used for TEL-CATCH, a program for home learning via cable TV for handicapped children. 16

April 1976 New HP Hometown: Boise

  • HP’s Computer Systems Group in Boise, Idaho, is featured. 2 7
  • Diversity of electronic test and measurement products adds vitality and continuity to HP’s line of traditional instruments. 8-11
  • Contrasting lifestyles of HP employees in Holland. 12 13
  • Building site Fort Collins, Colo., chosen. 14
  • Site preparation for new building addition starts in Avondale. 14
  • Bomb explodes outside the Deer Creek laboratory of HP Labs; two phoned warnings from self-identified revolutionary organization. 14
  • Hewlett discusses bomb incident at Deer Creek lab, security, and safety measures. 15
  • School bus with educational TV programs for HP commuters. 16

May 1976 Wake of a Killer Quake

  • Guatemalan earthquake kills 25,000; medical director at Waltham, Dr. Sanchez, born in Guatemala, flies to that country with medical supplies. HP employees worldwide provide relief. 2 5
  • New HP 1080 liquid chromatograph introduced in Munich; first all-new design of a major product by HP’s first wholly-owned overseas acquisition. 6
  • HP data sheet is indispensable sales tool; literature distribution center in Palo Alto highlighted. 7 9
  • HP’s small (replacement) parts business; corporate parts center maintains 61,000 parts in inventory. 10 13
  • HP-27 calculator introduced; first pocket calculator to have built-in math tools. 14
  • Texas Instruments supplies multimillion dollar order of semiconductors for HP-21 MX minicomputers. 14
  • Hewlett discusses stock split. 15
  • Million dollar club — products that account for more than a million dollars in orders. 16

June 1976 1776 Bicentennial

  • HP hobbyists participate in bicentennial minutemen reenactment of American Revolutionary skirmishes. 2 5
  • HP gas chromatographs, mass spectrometers and automated systems used for drug testing of athletes at Montreal Olympics. 6 7
  • HP 3000 Series II computer introduced; highest priced, largest HP computer product. 8 9
  • College scholarships for HP employees’ children; program begun in 1951. 10 11
  • New building at Boeblingen, Germany. 12 13
  • First-half profit sharing was $9.6 million, a 7 percent decrease from previous year. 14
  • San Jose site optioned for purchase for future plant. 14
  • First-half results show 13 percent increase in sales, 1 percent decrease in earnings. 14
  • Hewlett discusses first-half results. 15
  • Hewlett and Packard receive Vermilye Medal for outstanding accomplishment in industrial management. 16

July 1976 Stock Purchase Plan

  • History of HP’s stock purchase plan; common stock first occurred in 1947, with public sale in 1957; employee stock plan introduced in 1959. 2 4
  • Corporate Micrographics/Records Retention department; records put on microfilm in 1974; effort to have uniform system of records retention. 5 7
  • Employee vacation stories; importance of getting completely away from job each year. 8 13
  • Addressing conference on Consumer Electronics, Packard calls for business honesty; says problem is business managers not living up to their responsibility. 14
  • APD offers three new calculators, HP-25C, HP-97, HP-67. 14
  • Terman award goes to Dr. Stephen Director. 14
  • HP Olympian hockey player Jorge Fabregas, Spain. 14
  • Hewlett discusses coping with growth. 15
  • HP philanthropy, school for Navajo in Birdsprings, Ariz. 16

August-September 1976 After the Flood: Report from Loveland

  • Loveland flood aftermath — how HP affected and helped. 2 8
  • Bomb explosion at HP Labs, Deer Creek, and employee reactions; HP security precautions. 9 13
  • Third-quarter results report 13 percent increase sales, 9 percent decrease earnings. 14
  • HP products on Viking spacecraft on Mars. 14
  • Hewlett discusses poor third quarter and APD performance problems. 15
  • Santa Clara building dubbed Hertz (Hz) Castle. 16

October 1976 Second Time Around

  • HP discusses rehiring people who left the company. 2 5
  • What constitutes a “big deal” (big sale) for HP; big deal can mean big dollar amount or big impact on production. 6 7
  • Norm Neely retires; HP bought his firm in 1962; pioneered marketing approaches in electronics industry. 8 9
  • HP computer business 10 year anniversary; history of the HP computer. 10 13
  • Paul Ely elected vice president. 14
  • Hewlett is United Way chairman. 14
  • Disc [disk] Memory Division formed in Boise, Idaho. 14
  • Hewlett gives UK and Germany status report. 15
  • HP-65 programmable calculator used to spelunk in Kenyan lava caves. 16

November 1976 Intercon Team

  • Intercontinental operations in 14 countries; administration, management, marketing, manufacturing, cultural stereotypes. (diversity) 2 13
  • San Jose site optioned for purchase; new site for Microwave Semiconductor Division. 14
  • HP 1000 computer introduced. 15
  • Hewlett reminisces about death of Noel Porter, vice president. 14 15
  • Singapore and Malaysia “Big Walk” encourages physical fitness. 16

December 1976 Affirmative Action Challenge

  • Affirmative action and recruiting minorities and women; HP sets aggressive goals for getting larger-than-average share. (diversity; women) 2-7
  • Emergency number (222) and importance of clearly and calmly reporting emergencies. 8-9
  • HP in USSR; Bob Creager, HP’s first permanent representative in USSR, recalls challenges. 10-12
  • Statistical probability that Santa Claus is not a myth. 13
  • Year-end results; strong fourth quarter, highest sales in HP history; profit sharing is 7.28 percent. 14
  • HP protests IRS tax proposals; IRS seeks additional $7.5 million. 14
  • Hewlett discusses year-end results. 15
  • Seasonal greeting. 16

1976 – Packard Speeches

Box 1, Folder 33 – HP Management

March, 1976, Notes on remarks to Second Executive Seminar, Palo Alto

3/76, Copy of typewritten text of speech. Since this is very similar to the above speech made to the fdirst Executive Seminar  on March 17, 1975 it has not been included here again.

Box 4, Folder 2 – General Speeches

1/2/76, Letter to Packard from William R. Gerler, inviting Packard to the presentation of the Washington Award for 1976, to be made to Professor Ralph B. Peck

1/7/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to William R. Gerler saying it will not be possible for him to attend the dinner for Mr. Peck

2/16/76, copy of a telegram to Prof. Ralph B. Peck congratulating him for being selected to receive the Washington Award

2/28/76, Letter to Packard from Prof. Peck thanking him for the above telegram

12/15/76, Letter from William R. Gerler to Packard inviting him to the presentation of the 1977 Washington Award being made to Michael Tenenbaum, President of Inland Steel Co.

Box 4, Folder 8 – General Speeches

1/9/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to the Biglers thanking them for the telegram

1/12/76, Letter to Packard from John C. Warnecke asking for a copy of Packard’s remarks. He encloses a newspaper clipping covering the award event.

1/7/76, Letter to Packard from Thomas F. Gilbane congratulating Packard on the award

1/19/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Thomas Gilbane thanking him for his letter

1/30/76, Note to Packard from Tiny Yewell congratulating him on the award

2/17/76, Letter to Packard from James L. McDowell of the Football Foundation enclosing several copies of their publication covering the event

Box 4, Folder 9 – General Speeches

 

1976-1979, Separate folder – The National Football Foundation and Hall of Fame, Various letters over this period, mostly invitations to Packard to attend annual affairs, most of which he declined. The contents of this folder are listed below.

 

4/2/76, Letter to Packard from Stan Gray of the Foundation’s Los Angeles Chapter inviting Mr. and Mrs. Packard to and awards dinner for local high school student athletes. A penciled note written thereon says “called regrets.”

8/13/76, Copy of a letter to Packard from Vincent dePaul Draddy, Chairman of the Foundation Board, inviting him to the “official ground-breaking ceremony of the college Football Hall of Fame at Kings Island family entertainment center. Handwritten note thereon says “Returned card, no.”

10/6/76, Copy of a letter to Packard from Vincent dePaul Draddy inviting Packard to “join us once again as a Dais Guest of Honor at the Annual Awards Dinner on December 7, 1976…” Attached is a copy of a check from Packard to the Foundation for $250.

10/29/76, Letter to Packard from Alfred G. Cinelli of the Northern California Chapter, inviting Packard to attend the Seventeenth Annual Awards Dinner to be held in San Francisco of December 13th. A handwritten note on the letter says “No.” A copy of the program for the Sixteenth Annual Awards Dinner is attached.

Box 4, Folder 10 – General Speeches

 

February 24, 1976, Comments on the Conduct of Hewlett-Packard’s International Business, at annual stockholder’s meeting

 

2/24/76, Copy of printed pamphlet containing a transcript of Packard’s comments at the stockholders meeting.

 

Packard says that 1975 was the first year then HP’s international orders  exceeded domestic orders. He says products are sold in 141 different countries, and in 30 of these HP has its own sales organization. In other  countries he explains that we sell through independent sales representatives or distributors.

 

Packard says that ”Because there has been a great deal of news about bribes, pay-offs, kickbacks, and illegal political contributions by American companies operating overseas, I thought it appropriate to inform our stockholders about Hewlett-Packard policy in these matters.

 

“The Hewlett-Packard Company,” he says, “believes that bribes, pay-offs, kickbacks and illegal political contributions have no place in the conduct of our business, whether at home or abroad. Over the years we have emphasized this policy in our management meetings and in meetings and discussions with our sales and marketing people. I believe we have made it abundantly clear to all of our people that under no circumstances will we

make an illegal payment or even a questionable payment to anyone to obtain an order. I believe all of our people fully understand that if such a payment is requested to obtain an order, the only choice we have is to refuse the order.”

 

Packard points that the company has asked both internal and external auditors of look for any evidence of violations of this policy and report any questionable items to the office of the Chief Executive Officer.

 

Packard also discusses Arab boycotts. “These are restrictive trade practices or boycotts imposed by Arab nations against Israel or against nations or organizations considered friendly to Israel. The question has been asked of many American corporations as to whether they participate in, or cooperate with any such boycotts. I would like to describe Hewlett-Packard’s policy and position on this matter.”

 

“Sales to Israel and Arab customers, as in every nation in which we do business, are conducted in strict compliance with the United States laws and regulations, the principal regulatory agency being the U.S. Department of Commerce. In addition, in every country in which we do business, it is our policy to comply with all local regulations and customs….Should a situation arise in which the customs and business practices in a certain country appear to be in conflict with U.S. export regulations, or with Hewlett-Packard’s self-imposed standards of ethical business conduct, we would not hesitate to discontinue our sales activity in that country.

 

“Our company is not a political organization. It is a business institution, one that believes that free trade among nations is in the best interest of our country and our stockholders. As a manifestation of this philosophy, we are unalterably opposed in principle to any boycott. We will refuse any requests made to Hewlett-Packard, either to the parent company or a subsidiary, that we participate in any boycott.”

 

 

Box 4, Folder 11 – General Speeches

 

May 11, 1976, The Vermilye Award, The Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, PA

 

5/11/76, Typewritten copy of Packard’s speech

 

Packard says that he and Bill Hewlett are “delighted to be here tonight, and to receive this most distinguished award. I can assure you,” he says, “it gives us a feeling of both pride and humility to be honored by this prestigious organization.

 

Talking a bit about the 152 year history of the Franklin Institute, Packard says he would like “to congratulate all of those associated with the Institute for the honor they recently received when the United States Congress designated this Hall as a National Memorial to Benjamin Franklin….The Institute is a living tribute to the ideals and aspirations of its namesake, and has steadfastly upheld the finest traditions of study and innovation – two traits so closely associated with Benjamin Franklin.

 

“Franklin,” Packard says, “was a self-taught innovator of magnificent proportion, ever faithful to his belief that ‘To cease to think is but little different from ceasing to be’….The federal system that he helped design incorporated this basic concept, and this greatly encouraged individual initiative and inventiveness.”

 

“Almost without exception, technical innovation has been more prolific and more productive in the United States than in any other country. In the early years when the country was largely rural, the term ‘Yankee ingenuity’ was coined to express this unusual ability that seemed so characteristic of America.

 

“In these last four decades since World War II, this early tradition has been carried forward and technical innovation in the field of electronics has kept the United States far ahead of every other country in the world. This is also true of aviation, space activity, and many, many other fields, particularly those derived from advanced technology.

 

“Tonight I want to speculate with you as to how this favorable environment for technical innovation has developed here in our country and to express some concern as to whether it will continue to survive in the future.”

 

Acknowledging that technical innovation depends on basic research Packard says “the United States has [not] had any special monopoly on scientific knowledge.” He points out that basic research has flourished in other countries such as the Soviet Union, Japan and Europe, yet “There have been only a limited number of important new developments in electronics made in either Europe or Japan [or the Soviet Union] since World War II.”

 

“The priceless ingredient we have had here in our country that has made technical innovation so productive is the opportunity for the individual entrepreneur. This is, of course, the opportunity Bill Hewlett and I had back in the 1930s. Thousands of new businesses have been started and hundreds of thousands of new products have been  brought to the American people because the United States has been a nation of individual entrepreneurs. The American farmer is working for himself. It is his land, his livestock, his crops. When the American farmer produces a better crop by applying new technology he is the one who personally benefits. The Soviet farmer is not working for himself – he is working for the State. He is, in fact, encouraged by the State to apply new technology, but he has no real incentive to do so. It is not his land, not his livestock, not his crops.

 

“In a very real since Bill Hewlett and I have been working for ourselves since 1939 – something that could not have been done at all in the Soviet Union. It would have been more difficult in Europe and Japan. We have also tried to structure the management of our company to preserve a large measure of individual freedom for the scientists and engineers who work with us in our company.

 

“Technical innovation in the United States has flourished these past two centuries primarily because we have had a very large measure of personal freedom. There has been relatively little erosion of  personal freedom in the economic area until very recently. Unfortunately, since the late 1960s the situation has been deteriorating very rapidly.

 

“A good example is the San Francisco Peninsula, which has been a spawning ground for electronic companies since the 1920s. In the 1960s many new firms were being formed there in semi-conductor and computer related fields -–as many as twenty or thirty new businesses a year. Since 1971 this important and traditional spawning ground for new high technology enterprises has dried up and very few new companies are now being started.

 

“Betsy Ancker-Johnson, Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Science and Technology, held a hearing in Palo Alto just a few weeks ago to determine the reason why so few companies have been started on the Peninsula in the past five years. She learned the problem was not lack of research, but rather government sponsored disincentives to new business. The Tax Reform Law of 1969 closed off capital formation in this area. New regulations, she was told, from the Internal Revenue Service, the Security Exchange Commission, the Financial Accounting Standards Board and other agencies have made liquidity extremely difficult and thus greatly reduced the opportunity for venture capital.

 

“Some of the new accounting standards being implemented by the Financial Accounting Standards Board are making life much more difficult for an established business. They would be not only burdensome but would actually jeopardize the chance of survival for a newly established business.

 

“Outside the accounting and financial realm there have been dozens of other new impediments to the individual who has an innovative idea on which a new business could be started.

 

“The Occupational Safety and Health administration (OSHA), the Environmental Protection agency (EPA), the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and many more regulatory agencies, most of recent vintage, add hours of work – and completely non-productive work – to the task of anyone on even the most attractive technical innovation.

 

“I have serious doubts that the Hewlett-Packard Company would have survived if in the early years Bill and I had been required to spend our time filling out government forms and responding to bureaucratic demands.

 

 

 

“This is a matter of very grave concern because this trend, if it continues, will most certainly take much of the vitality out of our free enterprise economy. New companies and new enterprises which have sprung from the technical innovation of individual after individual have contributed a great deal to the betterment of the American way of life. They have been a stimulus in providing employment, they have improved income levels, they have developed new and needed products, they have spawned new industries, they have played a major role in improving productivity, and they have been instrumental in helping find solutions to some of society’s most pressing problems.

 

“I am very troubled, therefore, by the continuing attempt of government to add layer on layer of rules and regulations that tell business and industry what it can and cannot do. I have read studies recently that indicate there are more than 5000 different types of federal government forms, and that individuals and businesses spend some 130 million man-hours a year filling them out. The government regulatory workforce now numbers nearly 75,000 and the cost in taxes alone to support this body of enforcers is in the neighborhood of three billion dollars. The real cost to our economy is many times this amount measured by the loss of productivity caused by this vast army of enforcers. Some have estimated this to be at least 50 billions of dollars.”

 

Packard says it is not just the harassment and cost of all these rules and regulations. “it is the philosophy behind them that worries me even more. As James Kilpatrick said in a recent column: ‘The more uniformity, the less freedom. As government becomes our benevolent shepherd, so we must become its obedient sheep.’ I would add the prediction that we are likely to become just as innovative as a band of obedient sheep.

 

Packard refers to the German economic theorist – Friedrich Hayek – who pointed out, in 1944,  that the road to socialism is the road to serfdom. “His theme,” Packard says, “was that democratic Socialism was an impossibility. When the government decides what you must do with whatever wealth you have been able to generate it takes away your personal freedom. I submit to you that this destructive process is now going on in our country. We are a long way down the road toward destroying the essential element that has made technical innovation a forceful element of progress and prosperity these past two hundred years -–it is a priceless asset we can not afford to lose.”

 

“This avalanche of government rules and regulations is not going to be productive in giving the public better products or better services at lower cost. Controls on the actions of business and industry in the areas of environmental control and safety for example, are undoubtedly inspired by lofty ideals – and also needed in some form and some degree. But I’m convinced that we will have a better outcome if business and industry are allowed to anticipate and act on these problems with a minimum of government interference.

 

“It is a fact of life that business and industry have already lost considerable freedom of action. I do not know whether this tide can be turned back but it behooves us to try.

 

“One course of action is for everyone who believes in the free enterprise system to do a better job of maintaining personal contact with members of Congress. A great many of these people are generally sympathetic to business and the free market concept, but often they do not realize the dangers in a proposed piece of legislation unless someone explains the situation to them. I am convinced that all of us must do more than we have in the past in communicating with our government on pending legislation which may affect business operations.

 

“Another step those of us in business can take is to develop effective good citizenship programs in the organizations with which we are associated, whether companies or other enterprises, thereby encouraging informed and effective political participation by our employees and our stockholders They are the people who will lose the most if this trend continues. They can help influence the course of anti-business legislation with their legislative representatives.

 

“And I think all of you who share my concern must do a better job of telling the general public what is going on for they too are the ones who will lose.

 

“In this year of our country’s Bicentennial it is indeed appropriate to renew our commitment to the heritage of freedom given us 200 years ago by our founding fathers – a heritage that includes the freedom to innovate and the freedom to conduct our personal lives with a minimum of government interference.

 

“We need, again and again, to remind ourselves that by working together in a spirit of cooperation the public and private sectors can resolve the major and complex problems facing our country – by working at opposites, we rightfully will be condemned by generations to come for our failure to pass on intact the American enterprise system so essential to a free and healthy nation.

 

“It has been a privilege for Bill and me to be with you tonight, and a great honor to receive the Vermilye Medal.

 

“Thank you.”

 

5/11/76, Copy of a printed pamphlet with the above speech

5/11/76, Copy of a typewritten text of speech

5/11/76, Copy of a typewritten draft of speech with many handwritten notations by Packard

1974, Copy of the printed annual report of The Franklin Institute for 1974

1/29/76, Letter to Packard from Bowen C. Dees, President, The Franklin Institute, telling him that ‘The Board of Managers of The Franklin Institute has voted unanimously to award to you and Mr. William R. Hewlett the Institute’s Vermilye Medal for outstanding accomplishment in the field of industrial management.’

2/9/76, Copy of a letter from Jerry Russom, of a PR firm in San Francisco, to David Kirby of HP public relations, telling him what he had been able to find out about The Franklin Institute.

2/12/76, Copy of a letter from Hewlett to Bowen Dees agreeing to accept the Vermilye Medal

2/16/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Bowen Dees accepting the honor of the Vermilye Medal

2/18/76, Letter to Packard from Peter Geyelin of the Franklin Institute, giving some background on the medal, and some details of the evening’s program

4/2/76, Memo from Dave Kirby to Margaret Paull and Madie Schneider, Dave and Bill’s secretaries, giving more details on the program and trip

4/20/76, Letter to Packard from Dr. Antonie T. Knoppers, Merck & Co., congratulating Dave and Bill, and asking for a copy of the speech as he will be away and unable to attend

5/18/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Bowen C. Dees saying they enjoyed the award evening

6/1/76, Letter to Packard from Harry L. Peters, Sr. VP with Fischer & Porter, asking for permission to send copies of Packard’s speech to their representatives in Washington

6/3/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Harry L. Peters giving permission to send copies of Packard’s speech to their representatives in Washington

 

 

Box 4, Folder 12 – General Speeches

 

May 21, 1976, U. S. Foreign Policy and World Trade, Accepting the 1976 International Achievement Award, World Trade Club, San Francisco, CA

 

5/21/76, Copy of typewritten text of speech, with some notations handwritten by Packard

 

Packard says HP first became involved in world trade some thirty years ago. “Last year,” he says, “our company passed a very significant milestone in our international business when our international orders exceeded our domestic orders.” And he adds that he expects that trend to continue.

 

Packard says he wants to talk “about U.S. foreign policy and make some observations on this policy as it relates to world trade. Too often people in the United States think of our foreign policy as something not very close to their personal lives, and not very important to them, so I would like to begin with some basic observations about U.S. foreign policy and its impact on trade throughout the world.

 

“The first thing we need to remind ourselves is that the foreign policy of the United States must be linked directly and fundamentally to the self interest of our country. Any facet of U.S. foreign policy that does not have as its first objective, as well as its likely outcome, the welfare of the United States, is wrong.”

 

Packard says he supports “self-determination and democracy and the full range of other social and political goals that, if achievable and achieved, would make the world a better place in which to live. I happen to believe, in addition, that charity begins at home and the first and most fundamental goal of U.S. foreign policy must be to make the United States a better place for its own citizens.

 

“World trade, as a fundamental aspect of U.S. foreign policy, has played an important role over these past two centuries in both the economic and social betterment of our country. And, in trading with other countries around the world we have contributed to the economic betterment of our trading partners. I would take this a step further and say that we have often, though not always, contributed to their social betterment as well.

 

In support of this conclusion Packard says, “Ideas follow goods and services around the world. Companies such as ours send people to foreign lands where they become involved in the life and culture of the foreign country. We apply our basic Hewlett-Packard management policies where we have plants abroad. We choose to do this because we feel that our policies, particularly as they relate to the treatment of our employees and our customers, will best promote the welfare of our company. We strongly believe, as well, that they will contribute to the welfare of the countries in which we operate.”

 

“Indirectly then, world trade, and I believe most other facets of U.S. foreign policy, even though primarily directed toward the welfare of our country, have a real and legitimate interest in promoting the welfare of the rest of the world.

 

“In considering the objectives of our foreign policy, national security must have the highest priority. While there exists no military threat to our nation in traditional terms of the invasion of our land, the presence of nuclear weapons is an ultimate threat that we cannot avoid, and must not ignore.”

 

“We need adequate military forces, a foreign policy designed to keep the support of our friends and the respect of our potential enemies, and we must maintain the will for world leadership.”

 

Packard says that when he was in the Department of Defense “it was my responsibility to implement the development of the latest and best weapons for our military forces.” He says they [the U.S.]knew the Soviets were building up their strategic nuclear forces, and they recognized “the absolute necessity of avoiding any real or perceived weakness on our part.” And he mentions a number of weapons and weapons systems that they implemented.

 

“These programs, and [others] have not been fully supported by the Congress. In fact the total shortfall in funding over the past few years amounts to about 40 billion dollars. Some of these important programs have been delayed, although it is fortunate that none has been eliminated.”

 

Packard says that “If Congress and whoever is in the White House will fully support, from here on out, all of the strategic nuclear programs which were initiated during the three years I was in Washington there is no justification for the statement we are, or will become, second best.

 

“We have, and will have, the military forces adequate to keep the support of our friends and the respect of our potential enemies. If we have the will and the wisdom in Washington we can continue, and even enlarge, our role of world leadership.

 

“As we do so, we will contribute to world peace and broaden the opportunity to expand our world trade. Trade clearly flourishes best in a world at peace. Why, though, one may ask, is world trade important to our country? Cannot we isolate ourselves as a nation, concentrate our resources and energies on our problems here at home, and just go back to that nostalgic era when we could let the rest of the world go by?

 

“The most obvious reason,” Packard says, “is that we are no longer anywhere near self-sufficient in natural resources. As you know, our domestic production of oil falls far short of our consumption.” And Packard names a number of metals where we import high percentages of our requirements: manganese, cobalt, chromium, tin, aluminum ore, and nickel. “These are important materials, the benefits of which would be deprived to us – or made exorbitantly expensive – were it not for world trade.

 

“Without trade there would be far fewer jobs in many industries. Half of the jobs in the Hewlett-Packard Company…would disappear – about 5,000 in the United States and 10,000 in the rest of the world.

 

“When we think of what life in the United States would be without world trade I think we conclude, without any doubt, world trade meets the all important first principle of foreign policy – it is in the best interest of the people of the United States.”

 

“U.S. foreign policy must be administered as it impacts world trade in a way that balances a number of complex and interrelated matters, thousands of different kinds of products and thousands of different kinds of jobs.

 

“It is clearly too much to expect that the people in government in the United States, or in any other country, can make the balanced judgments that will provide a near optimum outcome in the complex matters of world trade anywhere nearly as well as will the forces of the free market.

 

“I firmly believe, therefore, that U.S. foreign policy will best serve the interest of the people of the country if it is designed to optimize the barriers to free trade around the world and to strengthen the concept of a free market.”

 

“Ten years ago our company could produce some of our products cheaper in Germany or Japan than here in the U.S. That is no longer true. In some areas we can now build a product in the United States, ship it overseas, pay duty, and deliver it in a foreign country at a lower cost that is required to manufacture the product in that country.

 

“Clearly the future course for our country is to continue to maintain our leadership role in an increasingly interdependent world, to keep the peace, and to do everything we can to eliminate the barriers to free world trade.

 

“We are the only country that has the strength to influence all nations, large and small, weak and powerful, in a way that their differences – their conflicts – can be resolved at levels far below those likely to escalate to the use of nuclear weapons.

 

“We are the only nation in the world with the influence to help keep the avenues of world trade open, and thus to help bring the benefits of technology, industrial management, and the invisible hand of the free market to improve the quality of life for our people here at home and our friends abroad.

 

“It has been a great honor to be here tonight. Thank you very much.”

 

5/21/76, Copy of typewritten text of speech with some handwritten notations by Packard

5/21/76, Copy of printed program for the award event

12/12/75, Letter to Packard from Paul Le Baron of the World Trade Club of San Francisco, telling him that he has been selected to receive the World Trade Club’s 1976 Award for International Achievement.

12/17/75, Copy of a letter from Packard to Paul Le Baron telling him he will look forward to receiving the award on May 21, 1976

3/11/76, Copy of a letter to James D. North from Christopher R. Redlich telling him of the forthcoming award presentation to Packard and suggesting that ‘some of his campmates’ might wish to organize a table …to be with him on the evening ….

3/18/76, Copy of a letter to Paul Le Baron from Edgar F. Kaiser saying it would be a pleasure to present the award to Packard

3/18/76, Letter to Packard from Edgar F. Kaiser congratulating Packard and saying he looks forward to the evening

4/11/76, Letter to Packard from Alvin Plumer congratulating him on the award

4/16/76, Letter to Margaret Paull from C. R. Redlich thanking her for accepting the invitation to the award event

4/21/76, Letter to Packard from Paul LeBaron giving some details on the ceremony

5/13/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Marriner S. Eccles thanking him for his note

5/24/76, Letter to Packard from J. T. Hood of GE, saying they enjoyed their visit with the Packards and asking for a copy of Packard’s speech

5/26/76, Letter to Packard from Edgar F. Kaiser, congratulating him again

7/14/76, Letter to Packard from Hugh O’Connell, Crocker Bank, sending Packard a ‘momento book,’ of the evening’s events

7/20/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Hugh O’Connell thanking him for the momento book he had sent

 

Newspaper clippings covering the event

4/9/76, Daily Commercial News

5/22/76, Palo Alto Times

5/24/76, Oakland Tribune

5/24/76, Daily Commercial News

Undated, unnamed paper, photo showing Packard being presented with the award by WTC President Paul Le Baron and Edgar F. Kaiser

 

 

Box 4, Folder 13 – General Speeches

 

June 8, 1976, Electronics and Free Enterprise, The Chicago Spring Conference on Consumer Electronics, Chicago, IL

 

6/8/76, Copy of typewritten text of speech with many handwritten notations by Packard

 

Packard says he wants to discuss “the most serious problem which is confronting all of American business and industry – the low regard in which these segments are held by the American public.” He says, “the confidence and the respect of the people of this country in business and industry is at the lowest level that I can recall. It is a phenomenon difficult to describe, hard to understand, but it is crucial to the very survival of our free enterprise system that business and industry regain the respect and confidence of the American people.”

 

Packard says that polls indicate that only 16% of the public have “faith and respect for American business and industry,” and he compares this to a 55% favorable figure a decade ago. “Yet… polls show,” he adds, “that the public believes the free enterprise system is better than communism or socialism;” although he also points out that “all too many express a preference for government ownership over private ownership of major industries. Many…believe that bigness in business is bad, whereas in fact, it is sometimes not only good but best.”

 

“This low opinion held by the public of business and industry is reflected in a number of much more important and serious ways than in opinion polls.

 

“Ralph Nader can bring forth an army of raiders to defend our customers from the evil acts of our business firms.

 

“The federal government has over the last few years enacted a vast amount of legislation and administrative regulation to protect our customers, our employees, our shareowners, and the general public from the evil schemes of our business firms.”

 

“We now have the government telling us who we can hire, and where and how we can build our plants. Bureaucrats from Washington are involved in the design of our products, in the working environment of our employees, and what we must do for our employees when they retire. We are told what we must disclose to our shareowners, what our product warranties should be, and on ad infinitum.”

 

Packard says that while the intent of this regulation has been good, it has not achieved much of what has been intended. “No one can object,” he says, “to the goals of reducing air and water pollution, or of providing equal opportunity for people regardless of race, color, sex, age, or religion. Certainly we all want safe working environments for our employees, and we have no quarrel with the need to accept the responsibility after their retirement for those men and women who have served our companies well.

 

“I do not dispute the fact that there has been some, but I would emphasize not very much needed improvement in the areas of equal opportunity in employment and in improving the environment, but there are clearly ways we could have done just as well, or even better, at a lower cost.

 

“OSHA, for example, has added substantial costs both on the government side and on the industry side, and has resulted in no significant improvement in occupational safety or health.

 

“Taken together this vast array of regulations which have been imposed on our business enterprises have increased our costs by substantial sums, but have been of very minimal benefit to our customers, our employees, our shareowners, or the general public.”

 

Packard agreed that “air pollution from automobile exhaust is a serious problem that must be dealt with.” But he feels that “The efforts of  the federal government to do this with arbitrary regulations has resulted in very little improvement, but they have imposed a horrendous cost on our economy.

 

“In 1975 alone government mandated features to control emissions, and some features for personal safety, increased the cost of an automobile by $600 or more, and made cars less efficient and less attractive than previous year’s models. Without a doubt this was the major cause of last year’s recession in the automobile industry.

 

“The American people simply did not want a car designed by a committee of the Congress.

 

“This one exercise in federal regulation cost the American people tens of billions of dollars in lost wages during the recent recession, and, there is great doubt that there will be much improvement in the environment from the 1975 model cars, especially as these cars get older.”

 

“The electronics industry has from the very beginning been characterized by technical innovation. The industry was born and has grown to maturity because individuals such as Bill Hewlett and I, and many of you here today, could start a new business with a new product idea and build it into a successful company.

 

“One of the greatest costs to our economy which is not so obvious is the deadening effect of all of these regulatory activities on technical innovation.

 

“This is a matter close to my personal experience, and I would like to put it this way. If, in 1939 and 1940, we had been required to spend as much time dealing with government bureaucrats as is required in business today, I am convinced that Hewlett-Packard Company would never have gotten off the ground.”

 

And Packard says his “intuitive feeling on this subject is reinforced by the fact that there are very few new electronic firms being started today on the San Francisco peninsula compared to the years before 1969. “I have no doubt that this is a problem nationwide, and a problem in many other industries in addition to electronics,” he says.

 

“If what we want in America is a no growth economy and higher cost products, that’s what we are going to have unless we get rid of these nonsensical regulations.”

 

“Some people attribute these problems to the election of the wrong people to the Congress and to the Administration in Washington. And, in doing so, I assume there are still Republicans in Washington. I might note in passing that much of this bad legislation has accrued during a Republican Administration – which has been accused of being pro-business – and with a considerable assist from that Administration. We must remember that men and women are elected to the government by the people back home and, when they take office, they must be generally responsive to their constituents. If we have anti-business people in the Congress, and anti-business legislation and regulation, it is to a very large degree a reflection of the anti-business attitude of the public.

 

“Assuming it is the attitude of the public, some people attribute this to a faulty educational system. They claim that we have not been teaching young people good economics, and that there is too much anti-business philosophy being taught in our schools and colleges. “

 

“Many people believe we should be telling a better story to the public about the virtues and benefits of our great free enterprise economy – what it has done in providing better jobs and better products than any other economic system anywhere or any time. This is true. We have a record to be proud of in many ways and the story about the good things our companies are doing can be communicated better to all of our audiences.

 

“Others believe we should work more closely with people in government on the theory that often they do not understand the probable outcome of legislation they sponsor or support. Some of our legislators do not even fully read or understand the legislation they vote for. Good work is being done in this area, and it will certainly help to have more effective two-way communication between business and government.”

 

Packard, however, says he has come “to the conclusion that we have been looking for the most part at the symptoms of the disease, not at the disease itself.

 

“I believe,” he says, “American business faces this crisis today because American business managers have not lived up to their responsibility to our society. Illegal payments have been made with the hope of getting business or special favors from officials in government, both here at home and abroad. We put off for too long our responsibilities in the area of equal employment – it should not have been necessary for the government to do any more than perhaps prod us into action. We have taken liberty with the truth in our advertising, and often depended on fine print in our warranties to avoid our responsibility to our customers.

 

“Our shareowners would have no need for all the information now demanded for them if they had full confidence in our commitment to their best interest.

 

“Nader’s raiders would get nowhere if their activities did not find fertile ground. Our legislators would have no need for, and in fact would not be interested in, anti-business legislation if the people back home never raised the issue.

 

“I assure you the news media would have no interest in inventing horror stories about business just to make headlines if, in fact, there were no real horror stories about business to make those headlines.

 

“I submit to you that the businessmen of this country have no one to blame but themselves for this terrible situation that has developed for us.

 

“It is not enough that business leadership is much more enlightened in these matters than it was twenty or even ten years ago. We simply have not met the expectations of the people we serve, and until we do we will never be free from ever increasing governmental regulation and pressure group activity coming at us from all sides.

 

“It is terribly unfortunate, because as I have already indicated, governmental regulations seldom solve the problem in a reasonable way. Pressure groups from various sectors of our public are not an effective way to deal with these problems either –  for those who feel themselves aggrieved, or for the business community.

 

“I am convinced that the only way we can hope to turn back this tide which threatens to engulf and destroy our great free enterprise system is for all business leaders, at all levels, to stop passing the blame to someone else and to accept the responsibility as theirs and theirs alone.

 

“Let me explain what I mean – as an example. The stories we hear nearly every day in the news media about an illegal payoff, about price fixing, about the recall of defective products, and all the rest, as I have already said, are not made up by the news media. And, they do not occur because our Boards of Directors or our Chief Executive Officers want them to happen. Quite the contrary. Almost all illegal or unethical acts by people in business happen without the knowledge and in spite of the intent of top management. Nearly every firm I have ever encountered has a code of ethics, whether written or not, which would – if properly communicated to and properly understood by everyone in the organization – serve to prevent any illegal or unethical act by anyone at any level. The reason those bad acts happen is in most cases because of a failure of management communication within an organization. These things happen because someone, at some level in the organization, did not get the message that honesty is the best policy.

 

“Management communication on this matter is not always easy for two significant reasons. Both laws and acceptable customs are continually changing and are different in different countries. This is, no doubt, why multi-national companies have more problems in this area than domestic companies.

 

“Often, too, the correct course of action in a particular situation is not always black or white. When is a payment a legitimate gratuity, and when is it a bribe?

 

“This complexity makes the management communication job more difficult. Publishing a code of ethics is never sufficient. It is the responsibility of top management of make sure the corporate code is understood and accepted at all levels. This requires discussion and repetition – and must be a never ending job.

 

“We have men and women throughout the business community as intelligent and as dedicated to the welfare of mankind as can be found in any other segment of our society. If all of us in this industry and every other industry simply make a commitment that this is our job, I am convinced that it will be done. We simply have to accept the fact that the integrity of each of our business firms is our most important asset, and we must do everything we can to make sure this is understood at all levels of our organizations. If every action we take is resting firmly on the pillars of honesty, fair play, justice, and with at least a small measure of compassion, these troublesome problems will disappear. The time is late and the stakes are high.”

 

6/7-8/76, Copy of printed program for Chicago Spring Conference on Consumer Electronics

9/4/75, Letter to Packard from Anthony Troiano, Program Chairman, inviting him to be the luncheon speaker

1/30/76, Copy of a letter from Margaret Paull to Anthony Troiano, saying  that Packard accepts their invitation to be the guest speaker

5/17/76, Copy of a letter to Packard from Anthony Troiano sending registration  tickets

6/8/76, Copy of HP press release covering Packard’s speech

6/17/76, Letter to Packard from Frederick B. Dent, The Special Representative for Trade Negotiations, saying he had read the copy of Packard’s speech in Chicago and believes ‘…we are making progress in accommodating the private sector and the Government’s views on trade matters.’

6/22/76, Letter to Packard from John C. Levy saying he found it very significant and encouraging that a man of Packard’s stature in the industrial community ‘would address this issue and confront your colleagues with it.’

8/2/76, Letter to Packard from William E. Simon, Secretary of  Treasury, saying he enjoyed reading Packard’s speech very much and ‘couldn’t agree more’

8/16/76, Letter to Packard from Merl Moore, News Editor, sending advance copies of the publication ‘California Business,’ which includes  Packard’s address

8/20/76, Letter to Packard from Howard Betts General Manager, Delta Rubber,  saying that he had just read Packard’s speech found it ‘great, until you chucked the political spear. Then it sounded like so many words.’

9/27/76, Letter to Packard from Arjay Miller, Dean, Stanford Graduate School of Business, congratulating him on a ‘fine’ speech

Undated, Note from A. J. Pepper enclosing a copy of a speech by a Mr.Pronto

 

Newspaper clippings

4/25/76, From San Francisco Chronicle, is a clipping of a column by James Reston discussing Nelson Rockefeller’s future

4/76, Clipping from An American Spectator, with an article entitled ‘The Business of America,’ by Stephen A. Snow

6/1/76, Clipping from The Wall Street Journal, with an article by Arthur Schlesinger Jr. titled ‘Government, Business and Morality’

6/8/76, Clipping from Palo Alto Times covering Packard’s speech

7/30/76, Letter to Packard from William C. Sands, Jr., enclosing  a clipping from the Electronics Journal covers the speech and describes Packard as ‘Angry, Hurt, and Apologetic’

 

 

 

Box 4, Folder 14 – General Speeches

 

August 27, 1976, Remarks at the 50th Annual Sacramento Host Breakfast, Sacramento, CA

 

8/27/76, Typewritten text of Packard’s remarks

 

Packard explains that he will start with some background on how the California Roundtable started, and Justin Dart will describe the specific activities already underway.

 

“There has been an alarming loss in the public confidence of business and industry in recent years,” Packard says. “There is an increasingly hostile atmosphere for business and industry, not only in our state, but across the nation as well.

 

“We are being challenged by environmentalists, by consumerists, by equal opportunists, and many other groups within our society. These people, in these activist groups, have, in general, desirable and legitimate goals – but I believe they have had an unduly adverse impact on business and industry, and that a better balance between our mutual goals should be sought.

“Largely as a result of pressure from these activist groups, local, state and federal governments, particularly during the past five or six years, have enacted a large number of restrictions and implemented regulatory actions which have greatly complicated and severely limited the management effectiveness of business and industry.

 

Packard says, however, that the issue is not that management’s job has been made more difficult; nor is it that business has a low rating in the eyes of the public. “he real issue,” he says, “is that these conditions have had a significant adverse effect on the economic welfare and well being of all people – not only across our state, but across our nation.

 

“Anti-business activities have substantially increased the cost of goods and services – from food and housing to automobiles and hospital care. Thus, they have helped create inflation.

 

“They have reduced our ability to create new jobs. Thus, they have increased unemployment.

 

“They have, in some cases, resulted in products which are not only more costly, but also less attractive and less useful. Thus, they have not resulted in cost effective solutions to the problems they have been intended to solve.

 

“Anti-business sentiment, without any doubt, deepened and lengthened our recent recession.

 

“It can be argued that there have been some desirable benefits. But, many would also argue the cost has been far more than the value of the benefits received. And, it is not business and industry alone that pays the cost of these restrictive actions – unfortunately, in the end it is the average citizen who pays. He or she pays higher prices for goods and services, and higher taxes as well. [Or the cost] may be in poor service, or less desirable products, or in the loss of a job.”

 

These troubled times of business and industry are not new Packard says, and he describes several similar occasions since the founding of the country. “This fact offers little solace perhaps,” he says, “but it does mean we could probably learn something from history about how these situations arise and how they turn out.”

 

“One thing is obvious in a historical perspective, when business, or for that matter any other institution in a society, fails to live up to the legitimate aspirations of that society, countervailing forces will arise to try to correct the situation. And at the same time, the higher authority – meaning the government in most cases – will take the matter in hand.

 

“The labor movement was such a countervailing activity. Business and industry during the late 19th century and early 20th century failed to understand and accept their proper responsibilities toward their employees. This labor problem, as you well know, also brought about considerable restrictive legislation.”

 

“During the ‘trust- busting’ era the same forces were at work, and have resurged [sic] during the past few years.

 

“In my opinion, this situation with which we are concerned today has been brought on – just as those in the past – by the failure of business leadership to recognize and live up to their full responsibilities to the society in which they work and live. [The] expectations of our society are changing.

 

“Illegal payments have been made with the hope of getting special favors from officials in governments at home and abroad. These actions by a few have made problems for all business and industry. They have made problems because the American people in 1976 expect higher ethical standards. This has not always been the case.

 

“Responsibilities in the area of equal opportunity were not recognized and accepted when they should have been. As a result, pressure groups and the government had to act.

 

“Liberties have been taken with truth in advertising and fine print in warranties to avoid responsibility to customers. Consumerists and regulatory bodies have responded.

 

“Industry could have taken much more serious recognition of environmental problems before it was forced to do so.

 

“As I said a few months ago before an audience in Chicago, Nader’s raiders would get nowhere if their activities did not find fertile ground. Our legislators would have no need for, and in fact would not be interested in, anti-business legislation if the people back home never raised the issue.

 

“There are many things that can be done through better communication with our various publics, better cooperation between business people and people in government on these problems of mutual concern. The California Roundtable has a number of programs under way in these areas which we believe will be helpful. Our success in improving the situation will not come about through an improved public relations effort unless we can also undertake to do a better job in the first place. To the extent we in business can solve some of these underlying problems ourselves, and establish higher standards of business performance, we will minimize future government interference and reduce the adverse effect of public action groups.”

 

Packard then turns to a brief description of how the California Roundtable got started.

 

He says that 1n 1974 the Directors of the California Chamber of Commerce decided that the problems of business and industry should be studied more carefully to determine what might be done to improve the situation. “Accordingly, a task force on business credibility…was established,…and included representatives from other business sectors, education and trade organizations.

 

Packard says the taskforce worked for about a year, and then presented their recommendations to the Chamber Directors in March 1975. “The taskforce recommended a number of specific actions aimed at re-establishing a higher level of trust between the public and the business community. It was recognized that this would require a long and intensive effort, and toward that end the taskforce recommended the establishment of a California Foundation for Commerce and Education to help in this effort to improve the credibility of business.

 

Packard says not everyone agreed with all the recommendations, but “there was a strong feeling that something needed to be done, and so it was unanimously agreed that the proposed new organization be established.”

 

“As we moved along with the job, we realized that much of the work that should be done in California would parallel closely the work of the National Business Roundtable.” And Packard explains that they obtained permission from the national roundtable to re-name the new organization the California Roundtable.

 

“to be successful, we all agreed the organization must have the participation of the Chief Executive Officers of the member companies, and we have an outstanding group of CEOs from across the state now participating.”

 

Packard then says he wishes to list the current projects they have underway, indicating that Justin Dart will describe them in more detail.

 

The projects Packard lists are:

 

“The Legislative Key Contact Program: …intended to establish a more effective and extensive contact between business people across the state and the individual legislators who represent them.”

 

“The Employee Economic Information Program:…intended to encourage better communication with our employees and improve their understanding of business.

 

“The shareholder Information Program:…intended to do a similar job with shareholders.

 

“The Legislative Information Program:…intended to encourage a better understanding, not on specific problems but on business principles, among our legislators.

 

“The Educational systems Program:…intended to improve the level of business understanding in the educational community.

 

“The California Economic Climate Program:…intended to develop some constructive recommendations on how we can improve the business environment in the state.

 

“The Association Evaluation Program:…to evaluate the effectiveness of the many business and trade associations….

 

“The Communication Task Force:…to provide help for us all in finding better ways to communicate with our publics.

 

“The Initiative Process Program:…intended to provide help in how to qualify an initiative under the terms of the California Fair Political Practice Committee.

 

“The Standards of Performance Program:…plans to develop some activities that will encourage higher ethical standards in the performance of business and industry.

 

“The Disclosure Program:…plans to assist our business enterprise in improving their policies in relation to the corporate data they disclose to the public.”

 

With that, Packard turns the meeting over to the next speaker, Justin Dart.

 

8/27/76, Copy of typewritten text of Packard’s speech – does not incorporate his handwritten notes

8/27/76, Letter to Packard from Stanley E. McCaffrey, President, University of the Pacific, congratulating Packard on his speech

8/30/76, Letter to Packard from Dalton G. Feldstein, a member of the Host Committee, saying he felt proud to hear Packard’s remarks.

8/30/76, Letter to Packard from George C. Halvorson, Dean, School of Business, San Jose State University, complimenting Packard on his speech, and asking for a copy

 

Newspaper clippings covering Packard’s speech

8/27/76, The Sacramento Union

Undated, unnamed, possibly Palo alto Times

Undated, column by Ron Roach, discusses Gov. Brown’s speech as well as Packard’s who both spoke at the event

 

Box 4, Folder 15 – General Speeches

 

October 27-28, 1976, Office of Naval Research, Thirtieth Anniversary,

Washington D.C.

 

This two day symposium was partly to commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of the Office of Naval Research,  and partly to present a series of lectures focused on Science and the Future Navy. Packard was invited to be the dinner speaker at the close of the event and this is the speech he gave on that occasion. He was also asked to attend, on 10/28, dedication ceremonies  of a building for the Defense Systems Management College which Packard had been instrumental in opening in 1971 when he was Deputy Secretary of Defense. There is no copy of the remarks he gave on that occasion, but this folder does contain several pages of Packard’s handwritten notes listing points he intended to make at the dedication. These notes are given below, after a summary of his dinner speech.

 

10/28/76, Typewritten text of Packard’s dinner speech at the close of the Symposium

 

Packard briefly reviews the role science has had in warfare over the centuries, starting with Archimedes, in the third century B. C., who, he says, “may have been the first to apply science to naval warfare when he devised a scheme to focus the sun’s rays on the sails of the Roman fleet to set them on fire.”

 

“But never before World War II, he says, “was science such a large and decisive factor. Radar, radio navigation and direction finding, electronic countermeasures, sonar, and many other technical weapons including the atom bomb were the primary measure of superiority of the allied forces that brought victory.”

 

Packard recalls how the Office of Naval Research was established in 1946 to “carry forward into the future the successful mobilization of science that had been done for the war…”

 

“The United States emerged from World War II ahead of every other nation in the world in technology. It is, in my view,” Packard says, “a tremendous accomplishment that, thirty years later, we are still ahead of every nation in the world in technology.

 

“And I, for one, think it is kind of important to keep it that way,” Packard says.

 

Packard stresses the importance of scientific research and says that the ONR managed research well in two aspects. “Careful thought was given to those areas of research which might be of benefit to the Navy, and those areas were supported at an adequate level and over a reasonable period of time. Nuclear energy, research on materials, solid state electronics, oceanography, and other fields which might have an important payout for the Navy were given emphasis.”

 

“ONR  selected centers of promise in the fields where it supported programs, which [appeared to have] the promise of becoming centers of excellence. And many of those centers…did indeed become centers of excellence.”

 

“As is appropriate, this scientific knowledge has been responsible for specific and important contributions to the capability of our Navy. Nuclear propulsion of naval vessels, great advances in anti-submarine warfare, real improvements in electronic countermeasures, just to name a few, can be credited to research sponsored and supported by ONR.

 

“ ONR has been important for our Navy, but work of this organization has contributed to the capability of the other services as well, the Army, the Air Force, and the Marines. This is because ONR has supported a great deal of basic research that has no unique mission, but which contributes to all missions, whether they be military or civilian.”

 

ONR supported early work in high energy physics at Stanford, for example, and this has given us a new important tool to fight cancer. I do not know of much benefit the Navy has received from this program, but it has certainly been a great benefit to this important aspect of medicine. ONR supported a broad range of research on materials and this has contributed many things, including the performance and safety of our great commercial air transport system. This work on materials has also kept us ahead of the Soviet Union in military aircraft performance.

 

“ONR supported much of the early research in solid state electronics and this has added greatly to the capability of the U.S. Navy in 1976. This research in solid state electronics was a key factor in keeping America ahead of the world in electronic computers, digital calculators, in digital watches, better telecommunication, and in may other areas that have given us substantial benefits in addition to national security.

 

“So, as we salute ONR tonight we salute this organization not just for the great contribution it has made to the U.S. Navy, but for the contribution it has made to the world wide superiority in technology we in the United States enjoy today.”

 

Packard says he would like to say a word about the future in relation to national security.

 

“Earlier I suggested that World War II was a war of technology. We are now much further down the road. We hope there will never be a World War III, and our highest objective is to have the means to deter – to prohibit – another global war.

 

“Our ability to deter another world war and our ability to prevail, should such a war occur, will not be determined only by the number of soldiers and sailors we have in relation to our enemies, not by the relative number of weapons, whether they be missiles, tanks, airplanes, or ships. Our ability to keep the peace will be determined by the capability of our weapons in relation to those of our enemies.

 

“Our ability to preserve the peace in the future will thus, in my view, be determined by whether we can preserve the technical superiority we now enjoy over the Soviet Union, or any other possible adversary, and our ability to translate superior technology into superior weapons.”

 

“There is no alternative from the standpoint of national security. We must continue to support research and development at a level which will assure that we maintain the lead in technical superiority we have enjoyed over these past three decades. This will require a level of funding to keep up with inflation and it will require a level of funding that will assure all possible avenues of research are adequately cornered. Whether the 10% increase per year that is now in the planning is enough or not needs the most careful study.

 

“There is no doubt we can easily afford more should it be necessary. I am absolutely certain we can not afford to have less. It will take money and it will take wise management of research to stay ahead.

 

“The record of ONR over these past three decades has been a record of unparalleled success in the effective management of R&D. Let’s hope we can take this lesson from the past and apply it to the future.

 

“I know of no better way to assure that our nation – and the rest of the world – can look forward to peace rather than war, to a future of opportunity rather than catastrophic disaster than to maintain world wide leadership in science. We can never afford to be second best in science for if we let that happen we will most certainly eventually be second best in national security.

“And this must not happen, ladies and gentlemen.”

 

10/28/76, Extracts from Packard’s handwritten notes for his remarks at the dedication of  the Defense Systems Management College

 

  • “Pleased that Defense Systems Management College has progressed so well since its beginning in 1971
  • Early in 1969 began to study problem concerning the development for new weapons not very efficient – C5A – Cheyenne
  • Managed Development program
  • Professional manager in charge
  • Not too much, hopefully no meddling by Congress
  • Good support and no second guessing by people in OSD
  • Solve the problem by doing it right the first time
  • Put a top professional in charge – give him authority, responsibility and support
  • Procedures for attracting and developing professional managers to the services for these important jobs
  • Establish College to educate more people in professional management of Defense Systems
  • This college has a very important mission to maintain our national security
  • The superiority of our forces and those of our allies will not be measured in numbers of soldiers, planes, guns, or ships
  • The quality – capability must be kept superior
  • We are the worlds leader in Advanced Technology – have been for 30 years, and must continue to be
  • We have not done a very good job in converting that technology to specific new weapons. At least not as good a job as should
  • New weapons systems have taken too long – sometimes obsolete before production  – cost too much
  • There are examples of where the job has been done right. The goal is to do all the future jobs right.
  • Even though we do not do as well as we should, Soviets have great respect for our technology and for our development ability.
  • No better way to assure future peace than to keep ahead in technology and to keep ahead in our ability to convert that technology into the most advanced and the most effective weapons for the Army, the navy, the Air Force and the Marine Corps
  • Your role here at this College in providing the professional expertise to do this job right in the future is just as important to the future security of our nation as any assignment you can have.”

 

 

10/28/76,Copy of a second typewritten text of his speech which includes the handwritten notations he had made on the first draft

10/27-28/76, Copy of the printed program for the Symposium

10/28/76, Copy of the printed program for the dinner banquet at the closing of the Symposium

10/27/76, Copy of a printed Admission Card for the Symposium

10/27/76, Copy of a notice announcing a change of location for the Symposium

6/24/76, Letter to Bernard M Oliver, HP Vice President,  R&D,  from Lee M. Hunt, National Research Council, thanking him for agreeing to convey their desire to invite Packard to speak at the Symposium on Science and the Future Navy

7/5/76, Copy of a letter from Barney Oliver to Lee Hunt, saying that Packard accepts their invitation to give the dinner address at their October Symposium

7/12/76, Letter to Packard from Rear Admiral R. K. Geiger, Chief of Naval Research expressing appreciation that Packard will speak at their dinner, and giving details of the arrangements

7/29/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Admiral Geiger asking for some information

8/27/76, Letter to Packard sending the requested information

8/27/76, Personal letter from Admiral Geiger to Packard saying he plans to visit his son at Stanford and may call Packard

9/3/76, Copy of a general letter to Symposium speakers from the National Research Council, unsigned, giving details on arrangements for the Symposium

9/10/76, Letter to Packard from William P. Clements, Deputy Secretary of Defense, telling him that a new building at Fort Belvoir for the Defense Systems Management College, is to be dedicated in Packard’s honor on October 28, 1976. He invites Mr. and Mrs. Packard to attend.

9/15/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to William Clements saying they look forward to joining them at the dedication ceremony

10/5/76, Letter to Packard from Major General John G. Albert, giving information about the dedication ceremony

10/8/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Gen. Albert saying he and Mrs. Packard  will be pleased to join he and Mrs. Albert – and he will be prepared to make a few remarks

11/29/76, Letter to Packard from  Admiral Geiger thanking Packard for coming to the Symposium and asking permission to publish Packard’s banquet address in their Symposium proceedings

12/8/76, Copy of a letter from Margaret Paull, Packard’s secretary, to Admiral Geiger giving permission to publish Packard’s speech

 

 

Box 4, Folder 16 – General Speeches

 

November 3-4, 1976, The Place of Enterprise in a  Mixed Economy, The Seventh International Forum, Aviemore, Scotland

 

The program for the forum states the purpose of the conference as follows:

‘The International forum of the Scottish Council has been conceived as a means of exposing Scotland to the influence of the changes taking place throughout the world. It is not intended to reach conclusions thereby. Action – except within individual spheres of influence of participants – is not within the purposes of the International Forum, but if a direction is pointed this will undoubtedly be taken up.’

 

Packard was designated as giving the Opening Address scheduled first on Nov. 3.

 

Keying on the theme of the Forum, Packard says he wants to expand and to make “a few observations about enterprise on a broader scale. I am referring to enterprise in the behavior of man,”…he says, adding that “…in doing so, I hope that I may provide some encouragement for us to take the larger view of the subject in our discussions here.”

 

Packard sees enterprise as a characteristic of an individual. “Groups of people – athletic teams, industrial organizations, even entire societies – display enterprise that can vary widely in its intensity. Yet I do not believe that the enterprise of a group of people can ever be any more than the sum of the enterprise of the individuals that make up the group.”

 

“An individual with a large measure of enterprise often has a strong influence over a group of people. Enterprise is an essential ingredient of leadership.”

 

“…enterprise is a most important and dynamic human characteristic when it is present in an organization of people at all levels – not just at the top.

 

“The most effective organization of people, whether a club, a business, a state, or a nation is a group of people with intelligence, ability, and enterprise committed to a common goal.”

 

And Packard gives some examples: “The Norsemen who ventured over the seas to land here in Scotland and later push on to the North American continent had enterprise.

 

“The men and women who crossed the Atlantic to the hostile coast of America had enterprise.

 

“Inventors over the centuries, including such renowned Scotsmen as James Watt, Lord  Kelvin, and James Clark Maxwell had enterprise.

Great Britain and Scotland were powerful and wealthy countries in past centuries, indeed until World War II, mainly because your people had great enterprise – at all levels of your society – not just at the top.

 

“Japan has become a wealthy and powerful nation in these last three decades not because she has great natural resources, not because here people are more intelligent, but rather because an unusually high level of enterprise has developed among her people during this period.- and again at all levels – not just at the top.

 

“We talk much about the need to transfer wealth to the developing nations. This cannot be done with capital, or education, or charity of any kind. Real and lasting wealth can not exist without enterprise.

 

“Since in my view this appears to be the case, we should then give some consideration to the factors that bring out this quality of enterprise in an individual, and nurture it in a society.

 

“One of these is individual freedom – individual liberty. Enterprise is encouraged when a person is free to develop and use his talents and his energy in the way he thinks best. Regulations and regimentation are the enemies of enterprise, and we can find examples of this in all kinds of organizations.”

 

“On a larger scale, the importance of individual freedom in engendering enterprise is demonstrated over and over again by the comparison between the efficiency of the collective farms in the Soviet Union, and the productivity of the small garden plots that individual farmers are allowed to have.”

 

To illustrate this last point – that is the opportunity for individual reward – Packard gives this vignette: “Our farmer in the Soviet Union, for example, is not highly motivated to leave the warm bed of his wife on a cold winter night to help the state sow produce a litter of pigs. But it is an entirely different matter if the sow belongs to him – as will the litter of pigs.”

 

“Freedom, and the opportunity for personal reward, then, are the key motivating factors that encourage enterprise in an individual….And the same principles apply to all other organizations of people, including states and nations.”

 

Saying that “Scotland has had a great tradition of individual enterprise in economic affairs, in political affairs, and in education, religion, and other areas of human endeavor. The Scottish people have, over the period of recorded history, produced many men and women of great enterprise.

 

“Yet the results of private enterprise in recent years in Scotland – as well as in many other countries of the free world – have somehow failed to produce an acceptable level of welfare for all of the people. And this lack of success of free individual enterprise has kindled the fires of socialism here, as it has elsewhere in the world.”

 

Packard feels this decrease in stature and achievements since the United Kingdom was in its prime was “not necessarily due to a disappearance of the innate desires or ability of people, but rather one resulting from a gradual deterioration of the economic and social environment that nurtures individual enterprise.”

 

“We have many examples of the dynamic force of individual enterprise throughout recorded history – a force that has spurred men and women to rise above the call of duty time and time again across the entire face of the world. Without doubt, the success of individual achievement characterized by this thing we call enterprise is largely responsible for all of the progress man has made over the centuries.

 

“Even so, free enterprise somehow has not lived up to the expectations of a large portion of the people, even in those areas where it has been the dominant character of the economy. Indeed, a large proportion of people are living under Communistic or socialistic governments were individual enterprise is either prohibited or suppressed.”

 

Socialism, with its concept that a group of people could get together and work efficiently for the common good has had a great appeal over the years. But because it lacks the mechanisms to encourage individual enterprise, it can never have the potential of an individual enterprise system. Religion has made people rise above their personal interests. War, or the threat to home and family, have made people rise above their individual interests. We have yet, however, to find a way to make people put the interest of their fellowman ahead of the interest of themselves in a whole society for any sustained period. And I do not believe that we can ever do so. The opportunity for the individual – for every individual, must be established and jealously guarded, the opportunity for the individual to benefit personally in proportion to his good work.

 

“There may be some way to manage and direct individual enterprise to maximize the welfare of the entire society. We should strive to do this on the assumption that it can be done. But short of that kind of an ideal solution, I am firmly convinced that the welfare of your country, and of ours, as well as every other country in the free world, will be served best by supporting individual enterprise in the private sector – and encouraging the support of enterprise in the public sector to the extent this can be done.

 

“Experience has shown that a state owned enterprise can seldom match the efficiency of an enterprise owned and operated by individuals. It does not follow that all private business is efficient or good, nor that all state owned business is inefficient – or bad.”

 

“…if you concur with me that enterprise is an important human quality that has made, over the past centuries, a vast contribution to human progress – then I hope you will also agree that the discouragement and the possible destruction of enterprise would be a disaster of unimaginable consequence. We cannot afford to let that happen, and this brings us to the point of our conference here at Aviemore. What can you do in Scotland to revitalize private enterprise in your economy? And related to this all-important issue, what can we do in America to prevent the destruction of private enterprise in our economy?

 

“A basic starting point, I believe, is to reaffirm our belief in equality of opportunity. I would even suggest that an absolutely essential goal of our societies should be to provide everyone with an equal opportunity to develop his or her individual abilities, intelligence, creativity, in the optimum way. And to make sure there are adequate incentives to encourage the development of enterprise in the individual at all levels in society.

 

“We have worked very hard at this over the years in my company. One of our most important corporate objectives directly relates to encouraging enterprise among our people. It reads, ‘To help Hewlett-Packard people share in the company’s success, which they make possible; to provide job security based on their performance; to recognize their individual achievements; and to insure the personal satisfaction that comes from a sense of accomplishment in their work.’

 

“Our company has a division located in South Queensferry just out of Edinburgh. We have been working hard with this group of people over the last ten years or so to enable them to make a positive contribution to our company and to your country.

 

“They have now done so, and this year the group of Hewlett-Packard people in South Queensferry have been at the top of all of our divisions worldwide. Their growth in business and their level of production have been absolutely outstanding. They have developed a number of significant new products in their research and development laboratories which are marketed throughout the world. In fact, 80 percent of all the equipment produced at HP, Ltd. Is exported, thus contributing substantially to the U.K. balance of payments.”

 

“Needless to say, I am very proud of this division. It is an excellent illustration of how individual enterprise can be a tremendous motivating force for human endeavor.

 

“However, the prices and incomes policy in the U.K. has been, and continues to be, a serious roadblock to our ability to provide sufficient financial reward for the magnificent job our great management team at HP, Ltd. has done.

 

“Although the limitations proposed by this policy affect people throughout the organization, it is our professional people who feel the impact the most. After reaching a level prescribed by law, they can improve their income only by receiving a promotion into a new job, by being assigned significantly increased responsibilities on their present job, or by finding employment outside the U.K. with HP or some other firm.

 

“We have had to work very hard under the prices and incomes policy to maintain the high level of incentive and enthusiasm we have among our management people here. It is becoming increasingly more difficult to do so.

 

“I am, therefore, very much concerned about the future of our company’s operation here in Scotland unless something is done soon to restore the opportunity to reward our people for their outstanding enterprise. I am sure almost every other firm in this country is having similar problems and concerns.

 

It seems to me, then, this Seventh International Forum has selected a very important subject for discussion these next two days. The welfare of my company’s activity here in Scotland, and indeed the welfare of the entire British Commonwealth will be determined largely by whether the environment and incentives to encourage individual enterprise are once again reinstated.

 

“There can be no progress in this world without individual enterprise. We must find a way to couple this great source of strength with the aspirations and the needs of all of the people.

 

“I suggest to you that this is what we should talk about at the conference here at Aviemore. And this is what we should talk about whenever  and wherever we address the future welfare of mankind.”

 

11/3/76, Typewritten text of Packard’s speech with many handwritten notations by him

11/3/76, Revised typewritten text of Packard’s speech incorporating the handwritten notations he had made in the original

11/3-4/76, Typewritten program for the Forum

11/3/76, Typewritten text of remarks, although unidentified, appear to be the remarks of  The Lord Clydesmuir introducing Packard. He says the Forum Committee decided to deal with the subject of enterprise as an individual human quality.

10/16/76, Typewritten text of a speech by William E. Simon, Secretary of the Treasury.

2/5/76, Letter to Packard from the Rt Hon Lord Clydesmuir, President and Chairman of Executive, of the Scottish Council Development and Industry, inviting Packard to be the opening speaker at their Forum in November

2/20/76, Letter to Packard from Lindsay B. Aitken, Industrial Director, transmitting the above letter from Lord Clydesmuir, which he had hoped to deliver in person

3/25/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Lord Clydesmuir saying he would be pleased to come to Scotland to participate in the International Forum

3/25/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Peter Carmichael, HP plant manager in Edinburgh, telling him of his Forum participation, and asking that he stay in touch with the Scottish Council on the details. He also suggests they get together for some grouse shooting while he is there.

3/76, Copy of provisional program for the Forum

4/5/76, Letter to Packard from Ronald Clydesmuir saying he is delighted to hear that Mr. and Mrs. Packard will be coming to Scotland

5/10/76, Copy of a telegram to Packard from Lindsay Aitken, Industrial Director, saying he plans to be in Palo Alto May 20 and would like to visit to bring Packard up to date on Forum plans.

8/4/76, Letter to Packard from Jim Saunders, Forum Manager, sending copies of papers they have sent out announcing the Forum, and stating they have had an excellent response

10/11/76, Copy of a letter from Packard to Kenneth Sinclair in England, referring to a previous conversation they had about getting together for dinner with ”a few people from the government,” and asking if that would be possible around the time of the Forum

10/19/76, Copy of a telegram from Jim Saunders giving hotel arrangements, and asking for a copy of Packard’s speech

10/20/76, Copy of a telegram from Packard to Jim Saunders saying a copy of his speech has be sent

10/25/76, Copy of a telegram to Packard from Jim Saunders, Scottish Council, saying he has received the copy of Packard’s speech

11/9/76, Internal HP memo from Peter Carmichael to Packard sending a pair of gloves which he assumes were left by Mrs. Packard

11/12/76, Copy of a letter to James Saunders from Margaret Paull, Packard’s secretary, sending a copy of Packard’s speech which he had updated with additional comments made at the Forum

11/12/76, Letter to Packard from Ronald Clydesmuir saying that his opening address at the Forum ‘splendidly set the scene for our discussion on Enterprise.’

11/8/76, Letter to Packard from Hugh Parker, McKinsey & Company, saying ‘I could only wish that there were more industrialists in this country as clear-headed and articulate as you are’ He encloses a copy of The McKinsey Quarterly, which contains a speech he recently made on the subject of free enterprise

11/17/76, copy of a letter from Packard to Hugh Parker saying “It seems to me there will have to be a major change in attitude [in the U.K.] before any real progress can be made, but I don’t see much evidence of a desire to make a change in the right direction.”

11/16/76, Letter to Margaret Paull  from James Sanders saying they would like to cover Packard’s expenses for his trip to Scotland. A note is attached  [presumably from Margaret Paull] asking if it is OK to tell Sanders that no expenses need be reimbursed. The handwritten reply says “yes”

11/4/76 Clipping from the Scotsman newspaper, covering Packard’s address

Undated, Copy of a printed booklet titled ‘Technology: Adam Smith, Uncle Sam and Big Brother’

1976 – Hewlett Speeches

Box 3, Folder 26 – General Speeches

 

February 24, 1976 – Shareholders Meeting, Palo Alto, CA

 

2/24/76,  Typed copy of Hewlett’s remarks

 

Hewlett says HP performance in 1975 can only be considered as fair, although quite good when compared to the electronics industry as a whole. Shipments up 11% to $981 million, pre-tax earnings up 3% to over $148 million. Earnings per share were $3.02, down from $3.08 in 1974.

 

H runs through a series of overhead slides:

 

Slide #1.

The first shows the sales growth pattern over the past ten years. He says the slide shows sales growth in the period 1966-1970 was 19%, and for the period 1971-1975 it was 29%. He notes Packard returned to HP in 1971.

 

Slide #2

Shows growth of profits for the same ten year period. Profits averaged a 9% annual growth for the first five years, and a 20% growth rate for the next five years.

 

Slide #3

Shows test and measurement business – about 45 of total sales. In the last five years the annual rate of growth was18% for sales and 20% per year for pre-tax earnings.

 

Slide #4

Data Products is the next largest category group. This is the most rapidly growing area averaging 45 percent growth in sales and 68% growth in pre-tax profit per year. He notes the 3 to 1 rise in profit between 1972 and 1974, showing the impact of the pocket calculators.

 

Slide #5

The Medical Group, represents about 10% of total sales. Long steady growth in sales, averaging about 31 percent over the last five years. Average annual earnings up 52% during the past five years.

 

Slide #6

Smallest group – Analytical

Average sales growth 34%, profits grew at 80%/year over past four years.

 

Slide #7

Shows how inventories grew rapidly between 1971 and 1973. Corrective steps taken that year improved this situation from a high of 30% of sales down to 21 % by 1975.

 

Slide #8

Accounts receivable. Percent of sales rose from 23% in 1971 to 28% in 1973. Since has dropped to 21%

 

Slide #9

Shows sharp increase in employment in 1972 and 1973. Static for last two years.

 

Slide #10

Better asset management. At the end of 1973 HP had a net cash deficit  (cash and cash equivalent less short-term borrowings) of $111 million. By the end of 1975  the net cash position showed a favorable balance of more than $33 million.

 

Slide #11

R&D expenditures. Averaged about 10.5% of sales prior to 1971. Due to rapid growth during the years 1972-1974 couldn’t keep up the same % to R&D. By 1974 R&D expense fell to 8% of sales, but back up a bit to 9.1 % in 1975.

 

 

Box 3, Folder 27 – General Speeches

 

March 23, 1976 – “The Four Musts of Hewlett-Packard,” Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

[See also speeches dated April 20, 1977 and May 5, 1980 on this subject]

 

3/23/76, Typewritten draft of speech

 

Hewlett says, “There is always a certain advantage in choosing a provocative title – hence ‘The Four Musts of Hewlett-Packard.’ These musts are – you must make a profit, you must make a contribution, you must achieve your objectives through people, and you must give back to the community more than you take out.”

 

He says these “are an imperative re-statement of the corporate objectives cast into simpler categories. I want to make it clear that these imperatives pertain to Hewlett-Packard, and may or may not be applicable in all respects to other companies.”

 

Looking at the first imperative regarding profit, Hewlett says “In recent years somehow or other profit has almost become a dirty word. In some people’s mind it is synonymous with profiteering. There is a tremendous lack of understanding in the American public abut the size and role of profit. Let me quote you a few figures that you may or may not have heard before. These figures resulted from a survey by the Opinion research corporation  a few years ago. The following question was asked:

‘As a rough guess, what percent profit on each dollar of sales do you think the average manufacturer makes after taxes?’ The average answer came back a surprising 28% — with some groups ranging as high as 34%, and the lowest estimate around 21 percent. The actual fact is that the average American manufacturer makes only about 4% after taxes on each dollar of sales. Thus, public estimation of profit was seven times higher than reality. It is not surprising that with this point of view of profit, there has been an increasing tendency to ask business to accept greater operating costs without any offset from price increase.”

 

Hewlett moves to talk about the profits at Hewlett-Packard, and what they are used for. First, he says HP is not an average company – its profits are higher than the average –8 ½ % in 1975, and 9 ½ % in 1974.

 

Where do HP’s  profits go? He says, “Of  the approximate $900 million in profit earned by the company during its life time, about 22% went to employees in profit sharing and other benefits; 38% was paid in income taxes to the state, federal and foreign governments; less than 5% was paid in dividends to the shareholders; and the remainder of about 36% was re-invested in the company to finance its growth.

 

“The economy of this country is based on the free enterprise system. The life blood of free enterprise is profit, and without profit for any long period of time, the free enterprise system will disappear.”

 

“Profit is not something that should be put off until tomorrow, it must be made today, and each day thereafter. I know of many companies who were always gambling on the future, but somehow the future never came, and they either failed or had those blowing hopes of the future permanently stunted.”

 

“Profits should be the primary source of financing company growth.”

 

Hewlett tells of the problem a few years earlier when “through lack of attention to asset management, and failure to maintain an adequate profit level, we found ourselves on the threshold of reversing a long standing policy through funding our debt by means of long term obligations. By paying much greater attention to inventory levels and accounts receivables…we were able to reverse these trends, such that at the end of last year, we showed a favorable balance of about $46 million.”

 

Speaking of the next must, must make a contribution, Hewlett says they are not talking about giving money away. “We are talking,” he says, “about a technical break-through, a conceptual innovation, a better way of solving a problem, i.e., a contribution to the science of measurement computation….This implies we must spend more than the average on our R&D program, and indeed we do. Traditionally averaging around 10% of sales, this makes us a higher-than-ordinary cost company in our fields. It says we should not compete in areas where low and lower production costs are the sole measure of success. This may sound like a contradiction in view of the high competition now prevalent in the pocket calculator field, but we will have a few ideas on how to make our brand of calculator more valuable to the user.”

 

But when is a contribution a contribution? Hewlett says this is not an easy question to answer. “Much of our R&D effort goes into supporting existing additional product lines. Typically, in the instrumentation field a given design concept has a fairly long life expectancy, 5 to 8 years. Therefore we have ample time to plan a next generation and to incorporate into it the most advanced thinking. We have very little cosmetic face lifting….What is needed is a spark of an idea of how to do the job in a better way. I have often called this ‘engineering of opportunity’ – with this you get directly down to the problem of building a device without worrying too much about inventing a new technique as well.”

 

“Behind all this discussion of contribution is lurking the customer, who is the person we are trying to serve. If you are solving a real problem for him, and you are solving it at the right price, he will buy your product and will be willing  to allow you to make a profit on it. If you don’t achieve this, he will not buy it – it’s just as simple as that.

 

Hewlett talks about the period of time  before they were in the “big ticket items such as computers.” Back when their sales were some 250 million dollars a year, the average order was around $1000,  or about 200,000 orders per year.  “Because we had a limited customer base,” he says, “this meant that we went back to the same customer time and time again. It was essential therefore, that we solve his needs on an honest basis. It did us no good to sell him a bill of goods, for we would not be welcomed back….The customer must be happy with his product after he has purchased it. This requires that we maintain effective after-sales support; good parts availability; reasonably quick recalibration service if desired, and as we have grown, these items have continued to be a very basic part of our operations.

 

“If one now looks back to our corporate objectives, you can recognize specifically the objective on profit. The objective on growth is partially covered under the heading of profit, for this is the source of funds to pay for growth, and partially under contributions – for our product line will grow from these new innovative thoughts. Our field of interest is sufficiently defined under contributions, and obviously that objective, pertaining to our responsibility to customers, is also to be found there.”

 

 

Box 3, Folder 28 – General Speeches

 

May 27, 1976 – Chamber of Commerce, Corvallis, OR

 

5/27/76, Outline of thoughts  for talk, handwritten by Hewlett

 

After some introductory  remarks concerning HP’s products, and the corporate objectives, Hewlett says he wants to talk about a question he is sure is of great concern to this organization, as it is to him — “The subject of current trends in government and its affect on the economy of the private sector.”

 

“As many of you know, one of our corporate objectives is to be a good citizen in our communities, to solve more problems than we create. We feel that the betterment of our society is not a job for a few – it is a responsibility to be shared by all. This we intend to do.

 

“The excesses of the 19th century did nothing to allay past suspicions, even though…these were no worse than what was happening in the political sector in the U.S. – remember Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed.

 

Out of these concerns came the Anti-Trust legislation…which I believe were beneficial in an overall sense.” But Hewlett goes on to say that over the last 15 years there has been a trend to solve social problems at the expense of the productive economy – and he feels this has gone too far.

 

“One of the results,” he says, “has been the rise in importance and number of independent and appointive boards and commissions. A second has been the rising voice of the ‘so called’ Consumerism.” He says he would like to discuss each of these separately along with the effect of each on the business community.

 

Hewlett defines the appointive form of government as one that has regulatory power independent of any legislative or executive body. He lists some recently created: Consumer Product Safety Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Office of Health and Safety.

 

He says the problems with the appointive form of government are that it is not responsive to the public at large, once started there is no way to get them out of business.

 

On “Consumerism” Hewlett says he is very much in favor of the consumer’s voice being heard, but at least two problems with this trend have arisen:

“The tendency for a small vociferous minority to exert undue influence, and

The susceptibility of regulatory agencies to react to such pressures.”

 

Hewlett gives seat belts as an example of the “tyranny of the minority over the majority who did not want all those gadgets.”

 

Another example he cites was the how an action by the  Consumer Product Safety Commission resulted in at least eight pregnant women undergoing abortions based on misleading information put out by the Commission.

 

Another problem with these Boards which Hewlett cites is “the pressure they exert to replace anyone on the Board who may have first hand knowledge of the subject, simply because they may be biased.”

 

Hewlett moves on to the subject of “Corporate morality.”  He says he “thinks many of the cases reported where there has been flagrant, inexcusable, disgraceful, [events], action should be taken to punish the individuals or corporation involved, [but]:

 

“Need a reference standard, and

There is the danger of exporting our own morality”

 

“While the government is looking into the matter of morality in the private sector, they should also be looking at themselves as well.

 

“I know of flagrant cases where in order to assure reelection an official has taken action that clearly was not in the public good.

 

“It is an axiom that a politician’s first responsibility is to get reelected. Similarly, it is business’ first responsibility to make a profit. But it is clearly understood that such responsibility must be tempered with some respect for the public good. This same tempering should be part and parcel of the responsibility of the politician vis-à-vis his reelection.

 

Hewlett says he has been only critical thus far and would like to discuss what might be done to start to change the less than satisfactory environment in which the private sector finds itself.

 

A)   “Reevaluate which of the multiple agencies – Commissions are really needed, are doing a truly useful and important job. Those that do not meet this test should be phased out

 

B)   “Those that continue should be classified as to who should be truly independent, such as the Federal Reserve Board. The rest should be assigned to a branch of the executive branch to assure responsibility to the electorate.

 

C)   “Where governing bodies do exist they should be selected from individuals who have first hand knowledge of the subject.

 

D)   “Codes of ethics should be established for both the private and the public sectors and that should be enforced. None of this ‘legislators protection society’ business.

 

E)    “Leaks should be stopped, and this means starting at the top.

 

F)    “Most important of all there should be developed a better understanding between the public and private sectors.

1)    The private sector should understand and learn more about the important role of the politician and how very different it is from his world,

2)    The politician should understand better both the role of the private sector and what makes it tick. In fact I think that in general he has a better understanding of the problems of the private sector than the private sector has of his.

 

G)   “I feel that there is an encouraging trend in all of these directions but it is just not going to happen by itself, nor is it going to happen overnight.

 

“We all must become involved in a move toward representative government and mutual understanding and trust between the public and the private sector.

 

“I would also like to take this opportunity to publicly thank all of our friends here who first brought the advantages of Corvallis to our attention, and their tremendous labors to make our coming a reality.”

1976 – Peninsulan

January 1976

  • Annual meeting
  • Annual report discusses corporate responsibilities
  • Burglar-proof your home
  • Cafeteria survey
  • HP computers go to South Pole
  • HP LEDs big in digital watches
  • New home
  • Open house
  • Special handling team
  • Summer-hire applications due
  • Terry voted WEMA chairman

February 1976

  • 3805A calibrated at CSC
  • Addition to building begun
  • Dave Sahlit awarded Hope Workshop
  • Dividend declared
  • Fort Collins and Avondale
  • Fort Collins plant site
  • Fund drive scheduled
  • HP-65 software offered
  • HP plans new Colorado plant
  • HP’s Sahlit honored by Hope Workshop
  • individual achievement
  • IRS says SDI not deductible
  • Jean Baer of Printing Services omitted by name in 20-year award list
  • Jean’s letter regarding having her name omitted from 20-year awards, and editor’s reply
  • Jose Grapa appointed Latin America area manager
  • Manufacturing Div. new die-casting shop
  • Officers chosen
  • Open house – Redwood City
  • Measurement/Computation News cited for excellence
  • Photo of snowball fight
  • Publication cited for excellence
  • Retirement benefits expanded
  • “Rock salt by the stone” spoof
  • Thrift shop needs used goods
  • Toys for Tots award certificate
  • Toys for Tots photo

March 1976

  • ’75 performance reviewed
  • Advertising policy
  • After-hours course offered on HP-65
  • Bob Turner named marketing manager
  • Collection for Guatemalan relief
  • Commute bus stop at Gemco
  • Deer Creek facility bombed
  • Ferrell addresses group at Management Seminar
  • First quarter
  • Grimm elected to Los Altos City Council
  • Leave of absence
  • Minicomputer system used in measuring brain wave
  • Myrt McClintock and Herb Hancock feted
  • Portable printing calculator
  • Reno bargain – Mike Schoendorf
  • Ski Club plans rafting trip
  • Sixth Annual

April 1976

  • 35-year old 200B is alive and well
  • Bike racks in Cupertino
  • Construction photo
  • Darts has become popular sport
  • DT offers lease plans on CRT terminals
  • Famous redwood in Palo Alto re-measured
  • Garden plots available
  • Growth continues
  • How to choose calculators demonstrations
  • HP stand on Prop. 15 on June ’76 ballot Joe Perez voted M.V. mayor
  • Larry’s accidental death
  • Lease plan for Data Terminals products
  • Ken Hurst wins golf honors
  • Opening photo
  • Puppet show on safety
  • Rae Zapella and her sand-and-sawdust garden
  • Semiconductor exhibition in San Mateo
  • Thanks from Patty

May 1976

  • Bob Kirkwood named government affairs administrator
  • Building 18 back on headquarters switchboard
  • Company cars for sale
  • Donations up 30%
  • El Camino Hospital orders HP system
  • Flyer insert
  • Hewlett heads United Way effort
  • Honesty in business
  • Honored for world trade role
  • HP attends minority “fair”
  • HP-27 introduced
  • HP participates in S.F. Twin Bicentennial Science and
  • Industry Expo
  • Kirkwood named govt. affairs administrator
  • Las Cumbres Amateur Radio Club
  • Perez voted M.V. mayor
  • Retirement
  • Same as above
  • Schedule for ’77 and ’78
  • Site acquired in San Jose to be initially occupied by Microwave Semiconductor Division
  • Tapestry ‘n Talent festival in San Jose
  • Turner named marketing manager at TV

June 1976

  • Bicentennial art
  • Cavier retires
  • Delcon’s JA company sweeps awards
  • Elected to Executive Comm. Of Santa Clara Valley Section. IEEE
  • Elected secretary and general counsel
  • First half earnings
  • Fleet car drawing
  • Hewlett and Packard receive Vermilye Award
  • HP 3000 Series II introduced
  • Indian school to be built at Birdsprings, Ariz.
  • Named Director of Personnel
  • Named general manager of Customer Service Division
  • Named “1976 distinguished alumnus” by school of liberation, U of Washington
  • Named to VP of Human Relations
  • Named VP, patents and licenses
  • Photo taken at above exhibit
  • Presented to Dr. Dertouzos
  • Presented to Dr. Director
  • Three new calculators introduced
  • Tips on completing medical claim forms
  • Towle ends 25-year career

July 1976

  • 1976 Winners
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • GC/Mass Spectrometer being used Montreal Olympics
  • Honesty in business speech by Dave Packard
  • HP drops options on San Jose site
  • Kreg Martin, HP science champ
  • Last chance to claim lost and found items
  • Light rail transit
  • Margaret Bailes, US sprinter at Mexico Olympics
  • MBA courses (photo)
  • “National showdown for HP Jr. Achievers”
  • Schroeder named to head Corporate Development
  • Soup and salad bar
  • Stock index listing
  • Stop those chain letters
  • SRI needs volunteers for tension headache survey
  • Use tie lines

August 1976

  • Annual blood drive
  • Corporate Marketing Services Olympics
  • CRT terminals wins “IR-100″ honors
  • Death announcement
  • Discount tickets
  • Elected president of Palo Alto School Board
  • Elected asst. treasurer and officer of HP
  • Harvest time photo
  • HP components aboard Viking
  • HP gears up for United Way drive
  • (Insert)
  • Named engineering manager of Instrument Group
  • Named general manager of Calculator Products Group
  • Named general manager of Santa Clara Division
  • Named vice president
  • Photo of float in 4th of July parade
  • Photo of honorary degree from Yale
  • Picnic photo
  • Sailing
  • Security fence to go up
  • Technical readers again needed
  • Trip planned

September 1976

  • 5-session workshop presented at YWCA September
  • Calendars given those who deposit $100 or more
  • Cosby, HP computer help sell Fords
  • Crafts fair at Data Systems
  • Daughter of Art McCarty and Modupe Ashiru of Nigeria (photo)
  • Editorial AND feature story
  • Janet Johnson appointed to B of D
  • Ken Pocek of SID in “The Great Race”
  • Lumm elected president of Nat’l Assn. of Accountants, Peninsula Chapter
  • Lynn Walker, HP Labs, in horse race from Squaw Valley to Auburn
  • New division to be located in Boise
  • Newly formed division
  • Saving water is serious business
  • Third quarter
  • Which United Way
  • Vietnamese girl subject of United Way feature
  • Volunteers needed for Mental Health Agency

October 1976

  • Birdsprings, Arizona school for Navajos
  • Company of the year winners
  • Elected VP
  • HP jet schedules
  • HP vanpool
  • Kurt wins again
  • Kurt Doehlert wins first prize in woodcarving
  • November 18 set as put aside cigarette day
  • Porter’s death
  • Scouts explore computers with HP help
  • Swine flu immunization

November 1976

  • Address correct?
  • Changes in retirement plan
  • Club plans two Canadian trips
  • CSG Under the Big Top
  • “Earthquacks” — HP women’s soccer team photo
  • HP surpasses goal
  • Girls’ Club honors Cookie
  • Minck heads standards group
  • Option on site in San Jose
  • Phone costs
  • Photo of flue shots being administered
  • Photo of “witch” cashier in HP cafeteria
  • Products and early photos of HP included in Cultural Center exhibit
  • Saint Clare Hook and Ladder firefighter brigade photo
  • Third annual fair
  • Toy drive

December 1976

  • Annual meeting scheduled
  • Area teens go to school at HP
  • Courses offered
  • Feature article
  • Galileo scholarship
  • HP to protest IRS proposal
  • New headquarters building in Rolling Meadows
  • Photo – Packard major gift chairman
  • Recognition of his fund-raising service to Stanford
  • Recognition of Petrak’s fund raising service to Stanford
  • Record quarter lifts ’76 earnings
  • Review courses offered at
  • Schedule for Christmas & New Year
  • What to do before the W-2 arrives